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  1. Alfa
    ACLU WANTS DRUG SQUADS GONE

    State Group's Report Says Task Forces Target Minorities

    Regional narcotics task forces like the one that led to the ill-fated
    roundup in Tulia five years ago should be disbanded and their funding
    used to enhance other aspects of law enforcement, according to a new
    report.

    The 18-page "Flawed Enforcement" study by the American Civil Liberties
    Union of Texas also charges that the task forces ignore the stated
    mandate of the federal agency that funds them of focusing on "violent
    crime and serious offenders."

    Instead, the report charges, the drug squads for the most part target
    minorities and small-time drug users and dealers in an effort to
    inflate arrest numbers and perpetuate funding increases.

    "These narcotics task forces have proven to be a failed experiment,
    and it's time to do away with them," said Will Harrell, executive
    director of the ACLU of Texas.

    The majority of the funding for drug task forces in Texas come from
    federal money obtained through the Edward Byrne Memorial State and
    Local Law Enforcement Assistance Grant Program.

    Established by Congress in 1988 and administered by the U.S.
    Department of Justice, in 2003 the Byrne Fund awarded more than $32
    million in Texas, according to the Justice Department Web site.

    Harrell believes those funds could be better spent elsewhere in law
    enforcement.

    "For example, this money could be used to improve DNA labs and other
    forensic efforts," said Harrell. "And there's no better case for that
    in the state of Texas than the Houston (Police Department) DNA lab. To
    me it's a no-brainer. That money should be diverted from the (Harris
    County) task force to the lab."

    Questions about the effectiveness and propriety of drug task forces in
    Texas first surfaced in July 1999 after an 18-month undercover
    operation by the Panhandle Regional Narcotics Trafficking Task Force
    that resulted in the arrest of 46 suspects -- 39 of them black -- in
    Tulia. That was 15 percent of the town's black population, and civil
    rights groups called the drug busts racially motivated.

    Gov. Rick Perry eventually pardoned 35 of those prosecuted. Tom
    Coleman, a member of t
    he task force, is currently awaiting trial on
    perjury charges.

    Similar questions were raised about a November 2000 drug raid by the
    South Central Texas Narcotics Task Force in Hearne, where 28 people --
    mostly blacks -- were arrested on drug charges.

    Charges against 17 defendants were eventually dropped after Robertson
    County authorities discovered the confidential informant in the case
    had stolen some of the drugs and money.

    In November 2002, the ACLU filed a federal lawsuit accusing county
    authorities of violating the civil rights of those arrested during the
    drug sting. The case is pending.

    The Byrne Fund money is awarded to the various state drug task forces
    through the governor's office. The office did not respond to a request
    for a statement about the ACLU report.

    Capt. Roger Clifford of the Harris County Narcotics Task Force agreed
    that there are "some rouge task forces that need to go away."

    But he said it is unfair for the ACLU to paint all task forces with
    the same broad brush. The Harris County unit includes the Sheriff's
    Department and Houston Police Department.

    "This is the largest task force in the state, and we don't do any of
    that stuff," said Clifford. "Our focus is toward those major cartels
    that are intent on bringing large shipments (of drugs) into the
    Houston area to be distributed throughout the United States."

    The ACLU report, which was released last week, also charges that some
    task forces:

    *Were more likely to search blacks than whites in eight out of nine
    task forces that supplied sufficient data to calculate.

    *Perform searches at traffic stops much more often than regular police
    and sheriff's departments.

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