Energy drinks 'jolt heart and blood pressure'
November 08, 2007
The New Zealand Herald
View attachment 3544 Energy drinks are advertised as soft drinks.
High-caffeine energy drinks such as Red Bull and V may do more than give people a jolt of energy - they may also boost heart rates and blood pressure levels.
The results of a small study have prompted researchers to advise people who have high blood pressure or heart disease to avoid energy drinks because they could affect their blood pressure or change the effectiveness of their medications.
The drinks generally have high levels of caffeine and taurine, an amino acid found in protein-rich foods such as meat and fish that can affect heart function and blood pressure, the researchers said. "We saw increases in both blood pressure and heart rate in healthy volunteers who were just sitting in a chair watching movies. They weren't exercising. They were in a resting state," said James Kalus of Henry Ford Hospital in Detroit, who led the study.
The increases did not rise to dangerous levels in the group of 15 healthy volunteers, whose average age was 26.
But they potentially could be significant in people with cardiovascular disease or those taking drugs to lower heart rate or blood pressure, the researchers told a meeting of the American Heart Association in Orlando, Florida.
The American Beverage Association responded: "While the amount of caffeine in energy drinks or coffee may cause a slight and temporary increase in blood pressure, it would have no greater effect than walking up a flight of steps. "So singling out energy drinks in a unique manner, particularly when compared to a more commonly consumed caffeinated beverage like coffee, does not provide a full and proper context for consumers."
In the US the products have names like Full Throttle, Amp and Rush. Beverage companies market various energy drinks as soft drinks that can boost a person's energy.
Dr Kalus declined to say which brand of energy drink was used in the study.
He said the drinks generally contain similar ingredients. "By giving the brand, it would dilute the message that all of these drinks need to be looked at."
The study participants were asked not to consume other forms of caffeine for two days before starting and then throughout the study consumed two cans of energy drinks daily over seven days. Each can contained 80mg of caffeine and 1000mg of taurine.
The volunteers' heart rates rose by about 8 per cent on the first day and 11 per cent on the seventh day.
Maximum systolic blood pressure - the top number in blood pressure readings that represents pressure while the heart contracts - rose by 8 per cent on the first day and 10 per cent on the seventh day, the study showed.
Diastolic blood pressure - the bottom number that gives the pressure when the heart relaxes between beats - rose by 7 per cent on the first day and 8 per cent on the seventh day.
The study did not identify ingredients responsible for the changes, but Dr Kalus said it was probably caffeine and taurine.
He said the study did not address possible health effects from the way some people consume these drinks, such as mixing them with alcohol.