Weed-Legal States Boast 25% Fewer Ovedose Deaths
WASHINGTON - States that allow medical marijuana have 25 percent fewer prescription drug overdose deaths, a team of researchers finds in a newly released academic paper, suggesting that expanded access to marijuana, often used for its purported pain-alleviating qualities, could have unintended benefits.
“As our awareness of the addiction and overdose risks associated with use of opioid painkillers such as Oxycontin and Vicodin grows, individuals with chronic pain and their medical providers may be opting to treat pain entirely or in part with medical marijuana, in states where this is legal,” Colleen L. Barry, PhD, an associate professor in the Department of Health Policy and Management at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School and senior author of the study, said in a statement. The analysis was conducted by researchers from the Bloomberg School and the Philadelphia Veterans Affairs Medical Center.
The researchers found that states with medical marijuana laws consistently had lower overdose death rates throughout the years studied—1999 to 2010—and the such laws were associated with a 24.8 percent lower annual rate of painkiller overdose deaths. In absolute terms, those states had 1,729 fewer overdose deaths in 2010 than would be predicted by trends in states without such laws. To conduct their analysis, published in the peer-reviewed JAMA Internal Medicine on Monday, the researchers relied on CDC death certificate data. The rate of overdose deaths rose in all states over the study period. California, Oregon and Washington were the only three states with medical marijuana laws in place before 1999, while ten more joined by 2010.
The Washington Post/August 25, 2014
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Legalizing Medical Marijuana Can Help Prevent People From Overdosing On Painkillers