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  1. Beenthere2Hippie
    London has the highest concentration of cocaine in sewage in Europe, research shows.

    Experts said the UK capital was slightly ahead of Amsterdam for the amount of the drug in waste water.
    The EU’s drug agency said the average daily concentration of cocaine in London sewage was 737mg per 1,000 people in 2014.

    This was the highest level found in the analysis of more than 50 cities. However, the capital fell below Amsterdam in the list when taking into account weekend samples only.

    The survey showed London had the fourth highest daily concentration of ecstasy.
    However, no traces were recorded in the city for the other three drugs tested – cannabis, methamphetamine and amphetamine.

    The European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction said waste water analysis is a ‘rapidly developing scientific discipline with the potential for monitoring real-time population-level trends in illicit drug use.'




    By Ollie Mc Ateer - Metro. uk/June 4, 2015
    http://metro.co.uk/2015/06/04/there...ewers-than-any-other-city-in-europe-5230772/?
    Newshawk Crew

    About Author

    Beenthere2Hippie
    BT2H is a retired news editor and writer from the NYC area who, for health reasons, retired to a southern US state early, and where BT2H continues to write and to post drug-related news to DF.

Comments

  1. Beenthere2Hippie
    [IMGR=white]https://drugs-forum.com/forum/attachment.php?attachmentid=44435&stc=1&d=1433439238[/IMGR]London does more cocaine than any other city in Europe, if the city’s sewers are anything to go by.

    A new study from the European Union’s drug monitoring board found that London narrowly beat out Amsterdam for the top spot when it comes to the amount of cocaine found in wastewater flushed down the toilet. In 2014, London, with a population of more than 8 million, flushed an average of 737 milligrams of cocaine down the toilet for every 1,000 people per day. The European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction says that in the case of cocaine, the source is traces of the drug excreted from the bodies of users, but for other drugs it is unclear how much is due to traces of drugs in human waste and how much comes from drugs dumped directly. Analysis from sewers in Amsterdam found 716.4 milligrams of cocaine per 1,000 people.

    Friday and Saturday are peak times for cocaine in London’s wastewater system, with more than 800 milligrams per 1,000 people on both days. The levels fall on Sunday and throughout the rest of the week. Zurich comes very close to London’s peak of 852 milligrams on Saturday. But on Mondays, Antwerp, in Belgium, beats out all other European cities: 859 milligrams of cocaine per 1,000 people makes its way into the city’s toilets, more than any other city at any time during the week.

    Some levels of drugs found in wastewater were so high that dumping is more likely the source rather than traces of drugs in users’ bodies. Eindhoven, in the Netherlands, with a population of 216,036, saw abnormally high amounts of MDMA (commonly known as Ecstasy) in 2012, 2013 and 2014, “which might be due to the release of unconsumed MDMA into the sewer system,” according to the European monitoring center.

    The smallest amount of cocaine among the cities in the study was found in the wastewater of Jyvaskyla, Finland, with 0.2 milligrams per 1,000 people. The 10 cities with the least cocaine found in sewers are all in Finland, according to the study.

    Other cities claimed the top spot for particular drugs contaminating the wastewater. Antwerp had the highest daily amphetamine use, with 213 milligrams per 1,000 people, while Amsterdam, famous for its coffee shops serving marijuana, was miles ahead for the most cannabis found in the city’s sewers. At 469.3 milligrams per 1,000 people in 2014, Amsterdam had nearly three times as much cannabis in its sewers, compared with the No. 2 city, Barcelona, Spain. Amsterdam also had the highest daily use of MDMA, followed by Utrecht, the Netherlands; Oslo, Norway; and London.



    By Lucy Westcott - Newsweek/June 4, 2015
    http://www.newsweek.com/london-does-most-cocaine-europe-sewers-say-339393?piano_t=1
    Newshawk Crew
  2. Beenthere2Hippie
    Cocaine Residue in London Sewers Tops That of Other European Cities

    [IMGR=white]https://drugs-forum.com/forum/attachment.php?attachmentid=45003&stc=1&d=1436026403[/IMGR]Scientists say London has the highest concentration of cocaine in sewage of anywhere surveyed in Europe.
    The data from the European Union's drug monitoring body found the capital slightly ahead of Amsterdam.
    While London comes top for cocaine flushed down the toilet, Amsterdam's drains contain greater amounts of cannabis.


    The European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction data comes from sampling in more than 50 cities. The results, which take into account the size of each city's population, show that on average, drug users in London relieved themselves of 737mg of cocaine per 1,000 people during the week in 2014.
    The amount of cocaine in London's waste water peaks on a Friday and Saturday, but then begins to fall away dramatically on Sunday and into Monday.

    The amount of cocaine found in both Antwerp and Amsterdam continues to rise into Sunday, potentially suggesting that the drug's peak consumption in these cities comes or continues later into the weekend than in the UK. A detailed analysis of weekend waste water shows that Amsterdam ranks higher than London over Saturday and Sunday alone.

    Scientists around the world have been increasingly monitoring waste water in cities so they can draw a more accurate picture of drug consumption over the year. The figures for London tally with the monitoring agency's wider research which indicates that the UK has the highest rate of cocaine use among young adults in Europe, It said that around 4% of people aged between 15 and 34 had said they had taken the drug in the 12 months leading up to the 2013/14 report. While there are fluctuations from year to year, most studies indicate that most drug use is in decline.

    The scientists tested for five different drugs and found that Amsterdam came top of the league table for both ecstasy and cannabis. Oslo in Norway and Dresden in Germany had by far the highest amounts of methamphetamine in sewage - while London had no trace at all.
    The annual 2015 report from the EMCDDA warns that while there were hundreds of websites openly selling so-called "legal highs", drug agencies had a poor understanding of the trade on the dark web - the parts of the internet which are not accessible through standard searches.

    "Cryptocurrencies, like Bitcoin, are used to facilitate anonymous transactions, and stealth packaging is used to facilitate transportation of small quantities of drugs through established commercial channels," said the report.

    "Evidence suggests that many illicit drug purchases made on the deep web are intended for resale. Another development relates to drug supply and the sharing of drugs or drug experiences via social media, including mobile apps. This area remains both poorly understood and difficult to monitor."

    "Together, the growth of online and virtual drug markets poses major challenges to law enforcement and drug control policies. The fact that manufacturers, suppliers, retailers, website-hosting and payment processing services may all be based in different countries makes online drug markets particularly difficult to control."



    By Dominic Casciani - BBC/June j4, 2015
    http://www.bbc.com/news/uk-33009682
    Newshawk Crew
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