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  1. chillinwill
    A cystic fibrosis sufferer died after taking a powerful dose of ecstasy supplied to him by a Tyldesley man.

    An inquest heard that a panicking Thomas Hodgson told pals: "I'm going to die; I don't want to die," before collapsing.

    The hearing at Halifax Town Hall was told that the 21-year-old had been given the drug by Aiden Kent during an all-night drinking binge at their friend Dylan Wheller's house in Rayner Road, Brighouse, West Yorkshire, on July 19 last year.

    Kent, 32, of Nelson Street, Tyldesley, was jailed for 10 months earlier this year at Bradford Crown Court, after admitting supplying ecstasy.

    Wheller, 28, admitted possessing the same drug and permitting his premises to be used for the supply of drugs.
    He received a four-month sentence.

    Mr Hodgson, a computer programmer from Heath Park Avenue, Halifax, was pronounced dead by paramedics called to Wheller's house.

    The court case had been told that the three young men had split between them one gramme of MDMA powder which they had mixed with water and then drunk.

    He was found, by his wife, face down on the living room floor and she rang for an ambulance.

    The ecstasy was 68% pure – usual levels are in single figures – and not only did the post-mortem examination discover high levels of the drug in cystic fibrosis sufferer Mr Hodgson's body, but also that he had taken it before.

    At the court case, Wheller told police he and Mr Hodgson had drunk 10 cans of lager and bitter.

    He said Kent brought powdered ecstasy which they had all shared.

    Police found a quantity of the drug in Kent's jacket at Wheller's home.
    Kent was arrested in Wigan on July 20 2008 and admitted buying the drug for £150.

    Stephen Wood, for Kent, said the consequences had been "tragic".

    Judge Roger Scott said: "I have been in this job a long time and personally have never ever met a case of ecstasy at 68% purity.

    Adulterated, it is one, two or, if you are lucky, three per cent.
    "People have died taking that sort of strength ecstasy but you, Aiden Kent, went out and deliberately purchased a high-strength powdered form of ecstasy of 68% purity.

    "You must have realised how dangerous it was to take that in that strength."

    At the inquest deputy coroner Mr Paul Marks recorded a verdict of non-dependent abuse of drugs.


    December 30, 2009
    Wigan Evening Post
    http://www.wigantoday.net/wigannews/Man-21-died-after-taking.5945444.jp

Comments

  1. Insomniacsdream
    ...68% purity MDMA can't be that rare. From the sound of things they have only ever seen pills before, and a 3rd of a gram isn't actually that much either.
  2. Coconut
    This is the same illogical waffle the media uses when talking about the "ULTRA-DANGEROUS SUPER SKUNK CANNABIS". The higher the potency of a drug, the better, because to get the same effect you simply have to take less. This rationality simply escapes some people.
  3. podge
    I know purity levels on the street are low - but 1-3% is taking the piss completely. If a standard dose of 100% pure MDMA is roughly 120mgs, then a by this judges logic a standard dose of street MDMA would be over 11 grams. Which is madness.

    And implying that the purchase of 68% MDMA is illogical/immoral somehow is also ridiculous. Also the judge seems to be under the impression that he knew the purity % before or after purchase - which is highly unlikely. No purity claims on street can be taken seriously because almost no one gets their product tested, especially not by a lab which could give such an accurate estimate.

    This case is a tragedy, poor guy just wanted to have a good night with his friends. But there is no need to insinuate that he dealer had any desire to see harm come to the victim. Also the 10 beers drank by the victim surely played a major part in his death. With education and drug regulation, the users would have known the exact % purity so could have measured their doses safely, and they would have been extremely aware of the danger of mixing MDMA with an excessive amount of alcohol.
  4. sandoz1943
    One would think that the best way to insure this thing doesn't happen again would be to legalize it so that people knew what they were getting. I don't see anything about the autopsy findings. I am not surprised there never are. It's all just flashy headlines an sensationalism and contains no real investigation by the reporter. When the coroner figures out that cause of death was not the MDMA the story will be two lines long and on the back page. Shameful.
  5. adzket
    what a suprise when you drink alcohol all night, when will people learn that a few alcoholic drinks are fine but not english stile drinking.
  6. Tony Williams
    Man, 21, died after taking Alcohol*
  7. Curiouscat22
    Notice how they mention he has cystic fibrosis but no mention of the possible medication he may have been on which could have interacted with the MDMA, also that Cystic Fibrosis affects the internal organs, especially the lungs and digestive system, by clogging them with thick sticky mucus. This makes it hard to breathe and digest food and is also life threatening disease in itself with sufferers having a life expectancy of approx 38. Hmmmmm plus the amount of alcohol consumed sound to me that the headline for this story should have been MAN COMMITS SUICIDE!

    I am sure that SHULGIN has taken 100% pure MDMA on a regular basis and he's still alive!?

    Why dont the papers realise that the people who these stories really matter to are people with an interest in substances for one reson or another and who usualy just laugh at the bullshit they make up just for a story or to try and wrongfully prove that DRUGS KILL! Everyother reader just tut at articles like this and say "well if they will take drugs they are all gona die!" turn the page and forget what they have just read.
  8. adzket
    sorry swim ment mixing it with mdma, bad is a bad idea, as says was at an all night drinking party, alcohol is way worse and dehydrates swiy.
  9. sandoz1943
    I couldn't agree more with the "man commits suicide" comment. I think he found what he was looking for and his last comments lead me to think he was pretty o.k. if not happy with that. Everyone should be free to do what they want with their own mind and body even if it is to die with dignity and ease their suffering. I hope that when the end came he was with people who cared about him.
  10. chrisjames13
    Sounds like the reporting of the purity levels and/or the judges reasoning is incorrect as well. Most of these articles in the media, especially when coming from the police or the courts, their data and/or their journalism always seems to be flawed somehow.

    Also, recently read an article that can't be located right now that ~ 15-20% of the street pills nowadays have some mdma or md** something.

    Articles or Abstracts regarding purity levels...
    Abstract

    Purpose

    This study examined the pharmacological content of tablets sold as ecstasy, the variation of tablet content by geographic region, and change in tablet content between 1999 and 2005.
    Methods

    The sample was comprised of tablets anonymously submitted for laboratory testing between 1999 and 2005 (n = 1214). Tablet height, width, geographic region, and year of submission were all used to predict the pharmacological content of the tablets.
    Results

    Overall, 39% of the tablets were comprised of MDMA only, 46% only contained substances other than MDMA and 15% were mixtures of MDMA and other substances. Tablet height and width were inversely related to tablet purity. Ecstasy tablets from California and Florida had decreased likelihoods of containing non-MDMA substances. The purity of tablets decreased over time, which was largely a result of an increasing number of tablets comprised of MDMA along with other substances.
    Conclusions

    Ecstasy users may be putting themselves at increased risk of substance-induced anxiety, mood, and psychotic disorders by unknowingly ingesting substances other than MDMA. To decrease detrimental health effects, prevention programs should emphasize the impurity of ecstasy tablets and focus on the health impacts of these substances, particularly for populations at high-risk of substance-induced disorders.


    Pharmacological content of tablets sold as “ecstasy”: Results from an online testing service

    Emily E. Tanner-Smith
    Department of Sociology, VU Station B Box 351811, 2301 Vanderbilt Place, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37235-1811, USA

    ======================================================
    Abstract from Journal Article on Purity of MDMA from 2004:

    Psychopharmacology (Berl). 2004 May;173(3-4):234-41. Epub 2004 Mar 9.
    Is ecstasy MDMA? A review of the proportion of ecstasy tablets containing MDMA, their dosage levels, and the changing perceptions of purity.

    Parrott AC.

    Department of Psychology, University of Wales Swansea, Swansea, SAZ 8PP, United Kingdom.

    AIMS: Not every tablet sold as "ecstasy" contains MDMA (3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine). The historical origins and evolution of this mismatch will be reviewed, in order to estimate the proportions of ecstasy tablets containing MDMA at different periods over the past 30 years. METHODS: Surveys into the pharmacological constituents of ecstasy tablets, dosage levels, and empirical reports of their perceived purity, provide the main data for this review. RESULTS: During the 1980s and early 1990s there were few problems with the purity of ecstasy tablets, and the biochemical evidence shows that they nearly always contained MDMA. During the mid-1990s, the majority of ecstasy tablets continued to contain MDMA, while many others comprised MDA (3,4-methylenedioxyamphetamine), MDEA (3,4-methylenedioxyethylamphetamine), or amphetamine drug mixtures. However, a small proportion (4-20% according to survey, time and place), comprised non-amphetamine drugs such as caffeine, ephedrine, ketamine, paracetamol, or placebo. During the late 1990s, the proportion of ecstasy tablets containing MDMA increased to around 80-90%. The latest reports suggest that non-MDMA tablets are now very infrequent, with purity levels between 90% and 100%. Dosage levels of tablets are also highly variable, with low dose tablet often encountered during the mid-1990s, and high dose tablets now seen more frequently. The theoretical and practical implications of these findings will be debated. CONCLUSIONS: The ecstasy purity problem was predominantly a phenomenon of the mid to late 1990s, when many tablets contained substances other than MDMA. Before and since then, the proportion of ecstasy tablets containing MDMA has been very high.
    ================================================================
    Another more recent article on purity of drugs in the UK...
    [h3]DrugScope Street Drug Trends 2009: Falling Illegal Drug Quality 'Accelerates Trend' In Users Combining Different Drugs[/h3]
    11 Sep 2009

    A downward trend in the quality of illegal drugs on the UK's street drug market could be driving changes in patterns of drug use, with users increasingly interchanging or combining a range of low quality drugs, according to DrugScope's 2009 Street Drug Trends Survey.

    The survey compiles and analyses feedback from 70 drug services, police forces, drug action teams and service user groups in 20 towns and cities across the UK. It illuminates patterns in the use and supply of substances to give a snapshot view of current UK street drug trends [1]. The survey also compiles the national average prices of different drugs on the UK street drug market [2].

    This year's findings show a fall in the reported quality of illegal drugs available in most areas over the last year. Seventeen out of twenty areas reported a drop in the quality of powder and crack cocaine, echoing a growing body of evidence showing declining cocaine purities [3]. In one area, police reported seizing cocaine powder with purity levels as low as 2%. Twelve out of the twenty areas reported a decline in heroin quality, while the majority of areas also highlighted a fall in the MDMA content in ecstasy pills and a continuation of the long-term trend in poor quality amphetamine.

    The fall in quality has also occurred in the illicit market in prescription tranquillisers, notably diazepam. While authentic 10mg pills diverted into the black market were being sold in most areas for £1, fake, low quality, versions reported to be from labs in China and South East Asia were available for half the price in some areas.

    The survey found that the drop in the quality of drugs could be accelerating a longer term trend towards poly drug use - taking a variety of different substances in combination or at different times - as users look to 'top up' on low quality drugs or experiment with alternatives. In turn, some survey respondents suggested that the shift towards people using a more varied menu of drugs means users are less concerned about the quality of each individual substance.

    In some areas older teens and younger adult recreational users are swapping or combining substances including cocaine, ketamine [4], GHB/GBL [5], ecstasy, cannabis and alcohol. Problem drug users in most areas are often using heroin and crack cocaine alongside cheap, strong alcohol, skunk-like cannabis, tranquillisers and, in some cases, ketamine.

    Survey respondents expressed concerns that the low quality of stimulants such as cocaine, crack, speed and ecstasy pills could be contributing to a growing interest in other substances. Ketamine, the hallucinogenic anaesthetic, was reported as being used by a growing number of older teens and young adults in 18 out of 20 areas surveyed. For the first time in the survey's five year history, some drug services raised concerns about the use of the so-called 'legal highs' GBL and mephedrone [6].

    Responding to the survey findings, DrugScope chief executive Martin Barnes said:

    "The shifting patterns of drug use identified in this year's survey are a reminder of the challenges faced by drug treatment services and police forces across the country. While overall levels of drug use have remained relatively stable in recent years [7], the range of substances appearing on the radar of drug services and enforcement agencies appears to be increasing.

    "There has been a long-standing trend towards people using a varied menu of drugs, but it could be increasing because of the low quality substances that appear to be dominating the UK street drug market. The fact that older teens and young adults are increasingly combining substances including ketamine, cocaine, cannabis and cheap high-strength alcohol is particularly concerning. It's essential that adult and young people's treatment services have the capacity to support people who develop problems with a range of substances, including emerging drugs like ketamine and GHB.

    "Although still low on the radar, the survey suggests that the use of so called 'legal highs' could present a growing problem for prevention and treatment agencies. While still relatively small in number, the fact that some agencies have seen people experiencing problems with GBL and mephedrone challenges the perception that just because these substances are legal, they must be safe. Informing people about the risks attached to these drugs is crucial and we support the forthcoming FRANK campaign on 'legal highs'."

    [1] How the survey was completed

    The survey is carried out by DrugScope's Druglink magazine. Druglink contacted 70 drug and alcohol services, drug action teams (DATs), police forces and service user groups in 20 UK towns and cities: Belfast, Birmingham, Blackpool, Bristol, Cardiff, Glasgow, Gloucester, Ipswich, Liverpool, London, Luton, Manchester, Middlesbrough, Newcastle, Nottingham, Penzance, Portsmouth, Sheffield, Torquay and York. The survey was carried out in July and August this year and has been carried out annually since 2004.

    In 2006 the survey started to focus on drug trends rather than drug prices. Trends are a more reliable indicator of problems in specific areas as they develop over time and tend to be more sustained. In this way, in 2007 DrugScope highlighted the emergence of a two-tier market in cocaine powder and last year we highlighted the trend in class A users turning to benzodiazepines, particularly at times of local heroin shortages or drops in quality. These trends are still live in 2009.

    [2] National average street drug prices

    The 2009 survey also recorded national averages for the prices of individual street drugs. Overall prices were relatively stable in comparison to 2008. There were minor decreases in the price of cocaine - which fell from £42 per gram in 2008 to £39 per gram in 2009 and MDMA powder - which fell from £39 per gram in 2008 to £36 per gram in 2009.

    [3] Forensic science service data on cocaine purity

    As reported exclusively in the May/June 2009 issue of Druglink, the purity of cocaine powder dropped to its lowest level since current records began 25 years ago. Analysis by the Forensic Science Service (FSS) of 2,252 police seizures of cocaine between October and December 2008 found the average purity was 26.4 per cent. The data showed that one in five of cocaine samples tested were of very low quality - with purity levels of less than nine per cent. In 2005, the average purity was 45 per cent, while in 1984 it was 63 per cent.

    [4] Information about Ketamine

    Ketamine is a complex drug with an unusual combination of stimulant and hallucinogenic properties. It was made a Class C drug in 2006. The drug is used recreationally due to its ability to alter users' perceptions, leaving them feeling detached from themselves and others around them. Ketamine, which can be snorted or swallowed in liquid form, is 'dose specific', meaning its effects are strongly linked to the amount used.

    As well as its use as a horse tranquiliser, ketamine has legitimate use as a medical anaesthetic. The high doses typical of illegal ketamine use risk serious injury, unconsciousness and potential respiratory collapse or heart failure. Ketamine can be particularly dangerous when used alongside depressant drugs, including alcohol.

    While ketamine is still used relatively rarely in comparison to drugs like ecstasy and cocaine powder, the latest official government statistics on levels of drug use in England and Wales showed that the percentage of 16 to 24 year olds reporting the use of ketamine in the last year, rose from 0.9% in 2007/08 to 1.9% in 2008/09.

    [5] Information about GHB and GBL

    Gammahydroxybutrate (GHB) and GBL (gammabutyrolactone) are closely related drugs with anaesthetic and sedative effects. GHB has been a Class C drug since 2003. GBL is not currently controlled under the Misuse of Drugs Act but in August 2009 the government stated the drug would be made Class C by January 2010. Both substances are colourless, odourless liquids with a slightly salty taste. GBL converts into GHB when the substance is ingested.

    GHB and GBL produce essentially the same effects. Both drugs are depressants which slow down body actions. Small doses will may feel like having a few drinks of alcohol. Inhibitions can be lowered and libido increased. At higher doses they may cause sleepiness, nausea, vomiting, muscle stiffness and confusion and can lead to convulsions, coma and respiratory collapse. Combining the drugs with alcohol can be fatal.

    There is the potential for users to develop physical dependence on GHB and GBL. The July/August 2009 edition of Druglink magazine exclusively revealed that treatment services were seeing an increase in people coming forward for treatment for dependence on the drugs.

    [6] Information about mephedrone

    Mephedrone is a stimulant drug which has emerged on the so-called 'legal highs' market. The drug is not currently controlled under the Misuse of Drugs Act. Early reports have suggested that it is a stimulant with some ecstasy-like effects. Mephedrone is often sold on the internet as a plant food or 'research chemical'. A typical price is £15 per gram. Effects include euphoria, alertness, talkativeness and feelings of empathy. However, users can also become anxious or paranoid and the drug's stimulant properties risk over-stimulation of the heart. The March/April 2009 edition of Druglink magazine was the first publication to highlight the emergence of mephedrone as a legal high.

    [7] Overall levels of drug use

    Official data on the overall levels of drug use in England and Wales comes from the Home Office's Drug Misuse Declared: Findings from the 2008/09 British Crime Survey. The latest figures show that in terms of adult drug use, the 2008/09 British Crime Survey found that found that 10.1% of 16 to 59 year olds in England and Wales reported using any illicit drug in the last year, compared to 9.6% in 2007/08, 10% in 2006/07 and 10.5% in 2005/06.

    Source
    DrugScope
  11. Samadhi
    I remember reading the MDMA will never be 100% pure, it can only get to the low 90s. But I may be wrong.
  12. Insomniacsdream
    Any drug which is a salt will never be 100% pure.
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