Expanded funding could help erase 30-year therapeutic drought
JUPITER, FL, July 14, 2010 – For Immediate Release – A pair of scientists on the Florida campus of The Scripps Research Institute has been awarded a $2.3 million grant by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) to conduct research relevant to developing new treatments for drug addiction.
Patricia McDonald, an associate scientific director in the Translational Research Institute at Scripps Florida and an assistant professor in the Department of Molecular Therapeutics, and Theodore Kamenecka, an associate scientific director in the Translational Research Institute, are co-principal investigators for the five-year project funded by the NIH's National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA).
The research will focus on indentifying compounds that affect the Neurotensin receptor (NTSR1), a receptor that appears to play a significant role in drug addiction because of its ability to alter levels of the neurotransmitter dopamine in the brain.
"Despite almost three decades of work by the pharmaceutical industry and other researchers, there are still few compounds known to act on NTSR1," said McDonald. "This new funding will help us thoroughly explore the interactions between the receptor and its signaling pathways and its impact on dopamine, which helps drive addiction and relapse."
The neurotransmitter dopamine is released when addictive drugs stimulate a reward circuit in the brain. Drug-induced changes in the reward circuit then reinforce the link between the pleasurable experience and the drug, increasing the tendency towards addiction. Blocking the surge of dopamine could protect the brain from these addictive changes, while substantially reducing the risk of relapse.
Kamenecka noted, "Our grant was something special in the sense that the NIH was looking for something very specific – new ways to accelerate the search for potential treatments of central nervous system disorders, which is what we expect to deliver. It also provides a good opportunity for Patsy's and my laboratories to collaborate on an important therapeutic area – drug addiction is an area with a lot of unmet medical needs."
The scientists said they expect to use a multiple test or assay approach to identify compounds that act on NTSR1, a method both believe will be an improvement over the current single assay approach typically used in the pharmaceutical industry.
"We want to avoid missing any potentially valuable compounds," McDonald noted, "so we plan to cast as wide a net as possible to capture compounds that modulate the receptor through different mechanisms."
If the team identifies compounds of interest, the scientists plan to determine their "functional fingerprint," then work with addiction experts at Scripps Florida, such as Associate Professor Paul Kenny, to help validate the compounds as potential therapeutics for addiction. Their search may ultimately move beyond addiction, however, since NTSR1 and related receptors such as NTSR2 and NTSR3 are also involved in diseases such as Alzheimer's, Parkinson's, and even some cancers.
About The Scripps Research Institute
The Scripps Research Institute is one of the world's largest independent, non-profit biomedical research organizations, at the forefront of basic biomedical science that seeks to comprehend the most fundamental processes of life. Scripps Research is internationally recognized for its discoveries in immunology, molecular and cellular biology, chemistry, neurosciences, autoimmune, cardiovascular, and infectious diseases, and synthetic vaccine development. Established in its current configuration in 1961, it employs approximately 3,000 scientists, postdoctoral fellows, scientific and other technicians, doctoral degree graduate students, and administrative and technical support personnel. Scripps Research is headquartered in La Jolla, California. It also includes Scripps Florida, whose researchers focus on basic biomedical science, drug discovery, and technology development. Scripps Florida is located in Jupiter, Florida..
Miko Ono 14-Jul-2010
Dear Drugs-Forum readers: We are a small non-profit that runs one of the most read drug information & addiction help websites in the world. We serve over 4 million readers per month, and have costs like all popular websites: servers, hosting, licenses and software. To protect our independence we do not run ads. We take no government funds. We run on donations which average $25. If everyone reading this would donate $5 then this fund raiser would be done in an hour. If Drugs-Forum is useful to you, take one minute to keep it online another year by donating whatever you can today. Donations are currently not sufficient to pay our bills and keep the site up. Your help is most welcome. Thank you.
NIH awards Scripps Florida scientists $2.3 Million to develop drug addiction treatmen