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  1. Springtime
    A record number of new "legal highs" were reported across Europe in 2010, the body that monitors drugs use across the continent says.


    The European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction says new drugs are coming on to the market at an "unprecedented pace".


    Of the 41 new substances, 16 were first reported in the UK - four times more than any other country.


    The UK is introducing legislation to temporarily ban untested drugs.


    This is the largest number of new substances ever reported across Europe in a single year - the figure was 24 in 2009 and 13 in 2008.


    The list includes synthetic cannabinoids, synthetic cathinones and synthetic derivatives of well-established drugs. Their names include MDAI, iso-ethcathinone, 4-MBC and DMAA.
    A further 15 derivatives of the compound on which banned drug mephedrone is based, cathinone, were detected during the year, and two from ketamine.


    Experts say the drugs are developed by people who examine scientific literature about drug compounds.


    If these are banned they develop a legal variant which then gets manufactured, often in China, and then sold in the UK as drugs.


    Health risks

    Not all of these drugs are banned under UK law.


    The UK government is introducing legislation to temporarily ban new "legal highs" until they are proven to be medically safe by the Advisory Council on the Misuse of Drugs (ACMD).


    A Home Office spokesman said the government was "committed to tackling emerging new drugs and stopping them gaining a foothold in this country".


    "We have among the most effective systems in Europe for identifying new psychoactive substances," he said.
    "Just because a drug is advertised as legal does not mean that it is either legal or safe."


    Dr John Ramsey, head of drugs database unit TicTac Communications at St George's University of London, said the drugs presented a major public health risk.


    "The core of the problem is that none of these drugs have been properly tested to see how toxic they are to humans. If they will cause long-term health problems such as cancer or birth defects, would we know about that?"


    He said he feared the government's plan for deferred legislation would not work, as the ACMD would not have the resources to do risk assessments for the number of substances which were emerging each year.


    "What we have got to do is stop kids from buying them. Would you buy a research compound from an iffy website for £30 and take it? Quite how we change this I don't know, but there is always going to be something new on the market."


    The European monitoring centre's director, Wolfgang Gotz, said that "given the speed at which new developments occur in this area" it was important to anticipate emerging threats.
    He said: "This could be addressed by actively purchasing, synthesising and studying new compounds and by improving our capacity for investigative forensic analysis and research at European level."


    http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-13354294

Comments

  1. bubbly nubs
    So what the hell is 4-MBC?! Think they made that one up...
  2. Springtime
    I hadn't heard of it either. A web search yields a few results, including the information that it is an ingredient in sun cream, and an endocrine disruptor with oestrogenic effects. Nothing that sounds particularly tempting :s
  3. TheBigBadWolf
    Post deleted because of irrelevance.
    See correct chemical name below by Terrapinzflyer.
  4. Terrapinzflyer
    soe details on the conference.

    From the EMCDDA site:
    A main paper they link to (added to archives): EMCDDA–Europol 2010 Annual Report on the information exchange, risk-assessment and control of new psychoactive substances


    And a couple press releases (full PDF of press releases among the files attached to this post)

  5. Terrapinzflyer
    and for the record- the 4-mbc is identified as:
    and the full list:
    EMCDDA–Europol 2010 Annual Report on the implementation of Council Decision 2005/387/JHA
    Annex 2 — New psychoactive substances reported to the EMCDDA and Europol for the first time in 2010 under the terms of Council Decision 2005/387/JHA
    1. 2C-B-BZP (1-(4-bromo-2,5-dimethoxybenzyl)piperazine) – 18 January 2010 – Germany
    2. MDAI (5,6-methylenedioxy-2-aminoindane) – 26 February 2010 – Sweden
    3. -Me-PEA (2-phenylpropan-1-amine) – 26 February 2010 – Norway
    4. N-benzyl-1-phenethylamine – 26 February 2010 – Norway
    5. N,N-dimethylphenethylamine – 26 February 2010 – Norway
    6. 4-FMA (4-fluoromethamphetamine) – 24 March 2010 – Norway
    7. RCS-4 ((4-methoxyphenyl)(1-pentyl-1H-indol-3-yl)methanone) – 25 May 2010 – Hungary
    8. JWH-081 (1-pentyl-3-(4-methoxy-1-naphthoyl)indole) – 2 June 2010 – Latvia
    9. Naphyrone (naphthylpyrovalerone) – 11 June 2010 – Sweden
    10. Iso-ethcathinone (1-ethylamino-1-phenyl-propan-2-one) – 18 June 2010 – Ireland
    11. DMAA (1,3-dimethylamylamine) – 21 June 2010 – Ireland
    12. Dimethocaine ((3-diethylamino-2,2-dimethylpropyl)-4-aminobenzoate) – 21 June 2010 – Ireland
    13. JWH-073 methyl derivative (1-Butyl-3-(1-(4-methyl)naphthoyl)indole)) – 30 June 2010 – Germany
    14. Buphedrone (2-(methylamino)-1-phenylbutan-1-one) – 5 July 2010 – Finland
    15. 4-methylethcathinone (2-Ethylamino-1-(4-methylphenyl)-1-propanone) – 8 July 2010 –
    United Kingdom
    16. AM-694 (1-[(5-fluoropentyl)-1H-indol-3-yl]-(2-iodophenyl)methanone) – 19 July 2010 – Ireland
    17. JWH-122 (1-pentyl-3-(4-methyl-1-naphthoyl)indole) ) – 23 July 2010 – Latvia
    18. MPBP (4’-methyl--pyrrolidinobutyrophenone) – 27 July 2010 – Bulgaria
    19. JWH-015 (1-propyl-2-methyl-3-(1-naphthoyl)indole) ) – 27 July 2010 – Austria
    20. 4-MBC (4-methyl-N-benzylcathinone) – 16 August 2010 – United Kingdom
    21. MPPP (4'-Methyl--pyrrolidinopropiophenone) – 16 August 2010 – United Kingdom
    22. CP47,497 (C8 + C2) variant – 17 August 2010 – United Kingdom
    23. 1-naphthalen-1-yl-2-pyrrolidin-1-yl-pentan-1-one – 18 August 2010 – United Kingdom
    24. Pentylone (2-Methylamino-1-(3,4-methylenedioxyphenyl)pentan-1-one) – 3 September
    2010 – United Kingdom
    25. M-ALPHA (1-methylamino-1-(3,4-methylenedioxy-phenyl)propane) – 3 September 2010 – United Kingdom
    26. 5-MeO-DPT (5-methoxy-N,N-dipropyltryptamine) – 13 September 2010 – Finland
    27. -Ethyl-Methcathinone (2-methylamino-1-phenyl-1-pentanone) – 17 September 2010 –
    Austria
    28. JWH- 210 (4-ethylnaphthalen-1-yl-(1-pentylindol-3-yl)methanone) – 22 September 2010 – Germany
    29. 3,4-Dimethylmethcathinone (1-(3,4-dimethylphenyl)-2-(methylamino)propan-1-one) – 13 October 2010 – Hungary
    30. JWH-203 (2-(2-chlorophenyl)-1-(1-pentylindol-3-yl)ethanone) – 14 October 2010 – Latvia
    31. JWH-019 (1-hexyl-3-(1-naphthoyl)indole) – 26 October 2010 – Finland
    32. Methoxetamine (2-(3-methoxyphenyl)-2-(ethylamino)cyclohexanone) – 9 November 2010 – United Kingdom
    33. 3-(4-Hydroxymethylbenzoyl)-1-pentylindole – 9 November 2010 – United Kingdom
    34. MDPBP (3',4'-methylenedioxy--pyrrolidinobutyrophenone) – 17 November 2010 – United
    Kingdom
    35. 3-MeO-PCE (3-methoxyeticyclidine) – 17 November 2010 – United Kingdom
    36. DiButylone or bk-MMBDB (2-dimethylamino-1-(3,4-methylenedioxyphenyl)-butan-1-one) – 18 November 2010 – Finland
    37. Arecoline (methyl methyl-1,2,5,6-tetrahydropyridine-3-carboxylate) – 22 November 2010 – United Kingdom
    38. BMDP (2-benzylamino-1-(3,4-methylenedioxyphenyl)propan-1-one) – 9 December 2010 – United Kingdom
    39. BMDB (2-benzylamino-1-(3,4-methylenedioxyphenyl)butan-1-one) – 9 December 2010 – United Kingdom
    40. 5-APB (5-(2-aminopropyl)benzofuran) – 14 December 2010 – United Kingdom
    41. Desoxy-D2PM (2-(diphenylmethyl)pyrrolidine) – 23 December 2010 – United Kingdom
  6. 3.4-Empathy
    So for those of us in the UK, there will be no research chemicals sold legitimately?
  7. Springtime
    I'm not sure; can we assume that only those in the list above are under threat? I can think of some that do not appear there.
  8. 3.4-Empathy
    "untested compounds" was said, if so this is kind of extreme in the sense of say, someone ordering a glucose analog ( this is just an example ) that hadn't been tested, this person would then be charged on possession of a banned substance.
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