Tainted Cocaine Prompts Warning

By chillinwill · Dec 21, 2008 · ·
  1. chillinwill
    Tainted cocaine found in Alberta and B.C. is also likely to be in this province leading Saskatchewan's chief medical health officer to warn health care workers, addictions counsellors and cocaine users.

    Health care professionals in Saskatchewan who work with drug users and have knowledge of drug trafficking patterns in the province have said it is likely this cocaine has made its way east to Saskatchewan, said Dr. Moira McKinnon.

    Levasimole, an antibiotic to treat worm infestations in animals, has been added to powdered cocaine in Alberta and B.C. It suppresses one's immune system allowing minor infections to become potentially deadly. At least 10 residents of British Columbia and seven residents of Alberta have gotten sick because of this combination.

    No cases have been reported in Saskatchewan, but McKinnon said anyone who uses cocaine by injecting it or inhaling it needs to be aware.

    "We know there is considerable use of cocaine in the province," said McKinnon.

    Communities doing well economically are where RCMP officers tend to see higher drug use rates meaning those areas are where this cocaine could show up in Saskatchewan, said Sgt. Carole Raymond, RCMP spokeswoman for the province.

    Anyone who has used cocaine and experienced continuing fever or chills, sore throat, swollen glands, a white coating of the mouth, tongue or throat, skin infections, sores around one's mouth or anus or pneumonia should seek "immediate medical attention."

    Discussing one's drug use is a matter that remains between a patient and one's physician, said McKinnon.

    Finding the source of the contaminated drug would be difficult. Since this was first detected in Alberta and B.C., Raymond said it is likely it originated in Canada in one of those provinces.

    Author: Karen Brownlee
    Pubdate: Fri, 19 Dec 2008
    Source: Regina Leader-Post (CN SN)

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  1. ThirdEyeFloond
    Tainted cocaine prompts health warning

    CALGARY - Recent illnesses attributed to tainted cocaine, which has killed one Albertan, [IMGR="white"]http://www.drugs-forum.com/forum/attachment.php?attachmentid=11271&stc=1&d=1256668216[/IMGR] have prompted Canadian health officials to issue a warning to users of the drug.
    The Peterborough County-City Health Unit in Ontario was the latest to issue a warning on Friday that cocaine could be laced with levamisole, which is used to treat worm infections in animals. The drug is sometimes used in treating colorectal cancer.

    This can decrease white blood cell production and weaken the immune system, causing chills, swollen glands, painful sores, skin abscesses and lung infections.

    The warning said 39 cases have been reported in Alberta in recent months -- 11 confirmed and 28 probable -- in Calgary, Edmonton, Cardston, Stoney Plain, Medicine Hat and Grande Prairie between January 2008 and March 31, 2009.

    Three deaths have also been reported in Canada and the U.S. due to tainted cocaine, including one in Alberta along with one in Washington and New Mexico.

    "Any kind of a non-prescription drug, there is absolutely no controls or mechanism in place to address what goes into the makeup of that drug, none whatsoever," said Alberta RCMP spokesman Cpl. Wayne Oakes.

    "When you don't have those regulations, guidelines and safety precautions in place, then you are risking putting into your body, any aspect of chemicals "That whoever is involved in the manufacturing process decides to put in there."

    Alberta Health and Wellness also issued a warning in November 2008, after seven people got sick from laced cocaine.

    Published: October 11, 2009
  2. ThirdEyeFloond
    Health authorities warning of laced cocaine

    TORONTO — Canadians who use cocaine are being warned that drug dealers may have laced it with a veterinary antibiotic and could find themselves in a fight for their lives.

    The Peterborough County-City Health Unit in Ontario is the latest health authority in North America to issue a public health warning that people who use cocaine contaminated with levamisole — used to treat worm infections in animals — may be at risk of severe life-threatening infections.

    At least three deaths from infections caused by the drug combination in Canada and the U.S. have been reported — one each in New Mexico, Washington and Alberta.

    The cocaine-levamisole mix was among the cocktail of drugs found in the body of New York celebrity disc jockey Adam Goldstein, better known as DJ AM, who died Aug. 28 in his Manhattan apartment of an overdose of cocaine and prescription drugs.

    U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration documents indicate that 30 per cent of all U.S. cocaine seized is tainted with levamisole, which scientific studies suggest might give cocaine users a more intense high, possibly by increasing levels of dopamine.

    The Peterborough health unit was made aware last week of a case of febrile neutropenia/agranulocytosis — in which the body stops producing white blood cells called neutrophils that fight infection — in a young Peterborough woman who reported using cocaine.

    ”Typically we have 14,000-15,000 of these cells that are identified if I were to do a blood test on you,” Dr. Rosana Pellizzari, Medical Officer of Health for the health unit, said in an interview from Peterborough on Friday.

    “Well this person who showed up in emergency here in Peterborough with sepsis had one (cell). That’s how badly the drug knocked out her white blood cells,” said Pellizzari.

    The health unit recommends doctors who see cocaine users with symptoms such as high fever, chills and swollen glands or painful oral or anal sores and any skin abscess or lung infection that appear to be developing more rapidly than usual may have acute immunodeficiency, and agranulocytosis should be suspected.

    “We’re warning physicians that if they see a case of agranulocytosis they should be doing urine testing both for cocaine and also for traces of levamisole,” said Pellizzari.

    Treatment usually involves a variety of intravenous antibiotics and could even involve a blood transfusion, she said.

    The Peterborough patient has since recovered.

    “I’ve heard from our police here in Peterborough that they’re going to start testing any cocaine that’s seized here for traces of levamisole.”

    She said there is evidence from other places in Canada that more than 10 per cent of the cocaine seized had levamisole in it.

    It is unknown where the Peterborough woman obtained the contaminated cocaine but the health unit is warning residents who use cocaine they may be at risk.

    On Sept. 25, Ottawa Public Health said it had been made aware of a suspected case in a cocaine user.

    Pellizzari said 19 confirmed cases and two suspected cases had been reported on Vancouver Island and B.C.’s Lower Mainland between Jan. 1, 2008, and March 31, 2009.

    Alberta saw 39 cases — 11 confirmed, 28 probable — including in Edmonton, Calgary, Cardston, Stoney Plain, Medicine Hat and Grande Prairie between January 2008 to March 31, 2009, according to Alberta Health Services.

    In September, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services issued a nationwide alert about the life-threatening risk posed by cocaine cut with levamisole, saying there had been 20 confirmed or probable cases of agranulocytosis, including two deaths.

    Dr. Rita Shahin, an Associate Medical Officer of Health with Toronto Public Health, said she was not aware of any cases in Toronto but noted such cases do not have to be reported to Public Health.

    Pellizzari said not everyone using cocaine will be exposed to levamisole and of those who are exposed to the antibiotic, only a certain percentage will develop agranulocytosis.

    “This may just be the beginning of a wave of cases,” she said.


    Last Updated: 10th October 2009, 11:51am

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