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  1. chillinwill
    The daily death toll in the Mexican drug war is staggering, and over this past weekend, in the border city of Juarez, one death in particular stood out: a Mexican federal police commander was ambushed and killed in broad daylight. He was part of a force that is Mexico's newest hope to fight drug cartels, human smugglers and southward-bound weapons.

    Now, in an unprecedented effort, the U.S. is training Mexican federal police to fight.

    Training

    Nine men in black fatigues walk steadily forward, holding M4 rifles. Each time they're told there's danger in front of them, they fire.

    The threat is a target on the wall of a warehouse in Nogales, Ariz. The rifles are modified to shoot cartridges similar to paintballs. The students are Mexican federal police officers; the teachers are U.S. border patrol agents.

    This tactical urban training is new and necessary for the Mexican officers. Some fire rifles as though they are hunting deer.

    The threat from drug cartels is so serious, the U.S. instructors, their translators and the Mexican trainees asked us not to use their names. One of the trainees — a 14-year veteran — says he's having trouble keeping up with the enemy.

    "The criminal element in my country has grown a lot," he says in Spanish. "They have more equipment, more training, more resources to attack."

    Nogales is the first location for this training. There are plans to expand it along the border. This is a short program: a day of urban tactical training, a day outdoors learning to maneuver ATVs, and a day of emergency medical training.

    Victor Manjarrez, the new chief of the border patrol's Tucson sector, says it's a critical step in securing both sides of the border.

    "If we can erase that boundary and there's going to be a law enforcement consequence either in the United States or in Mexico, that's the best of both worlds for the government of Mexico and the United States," Manjarrez says

    Corruption

    The Obama administration recently pledged $331 million to help. It wants to show the border is secure before attempting immigration reform. Mexican President Felipe Calderon desperately needs to restore order by quelling drug-related violence. The Mexican army — sent up to the border region — hasn't been able to stop it, possibly because it's notoriously corrupt.

    Erica Dahl-Bredine, the Mexico country manager of Catholic Relief Services, has documented human rights abuses by the army and by local police extorting bribes.

    "The Mexican government has made strides, no question, in purging the various police forces of corrupt officers, but the drug cartels continue to have a very strong hold on Mexican police and military," she says.

    The hope is that the cross-border training will lessen that hold. The federal police are not military and they're not local. Officers are under the command of the Mexican secretary of public safety — similar to the U.S. Department of Homeland Security. The Mexican trainees are carefully vetted, their backgrounds checked and activities monitored. Still, Manjarrez acknowledges it's a gamble.

    "To tell you it's going to be a 100 percent no risk, that just would simply not be accurate," the Tucson border patrol chief says.

    Manjarrez says any law enforcement agency is at risk for corruption, including his own. Drug cartels can offer a lot of money for officers to look the other way or for information on where forces are deployed on either side of the border. But at least U.S. border patrol agents are paid a decent salary — $70,000 to start. Mexican federal police officers are paid between $14,000 and $24,000 a year, making them more vulnerable.

    Although intelligence sharing is a key component of the cross-border cooperation, Manjarrez says it's not yet likely to be high-level intelligence.

    "At some point, though, there's got to be a degree of trust," he says — especially since they will now be better trained, better equipped and more deadly.

    by Ted Robbins
    April 13, 2010
    NPR
    http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=125878556

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  1. enquirewithin
    Mexico drug war kills almost 23,000

    The report indicated that security forces were involved in most of the violence. Nearly 23,000 people have been killed in drug-related violence in Mexico since the launch of a government crackdown on drug gangs at the end of 2006, according to a government report.

    The report, leaked to media on Tuesday, said gang violence has continued surging this year, with 3,365 people killed between January and March.


    The confidential report, sent to parliamentarians, indicated security forces have been involved in most of the gunbattles of the past three years: 977 fights have been between gangs and security forces, compared to 309 between rival gangs.

    The total toll of 22,743 deaths was a rise of more than 7,000 compared with previous official estimates. The worst-hit regions were in northern areas near the 3,200-kilometre US border.

    The government report said Chihuahua state was Mexico's hardest-hit state, with 6,757 people killed.

    More than 121,000 drug suspects have been detained since 2006, according to the document. It gave no figure for how many of those had been convicted.

    Fernando Gomez Montt, the interior minister, confirmed in a news conference that new figures had been passed on to legislators but gave no further details.

    Violence has spiked since Felipe Calderon, the Mexican president, launched a military crackdown on organised crime when he took office.

    The government attributes the increase in violence to gangs lashing back at security forces and infighting among cartels whose leadership has been shaken by the arrest of senior commanders.

    The US-backed deployment of more than 40,000 soldiers and federal police across the country has come under increasing criticism from opposition politicians and drug trade experts, who argue the crackdown has led to human rights abuses and done little to stem the flow of narcotics to the US.

    In the latest violence, the bodies of six men were found on the side of a road on Tuesday in Cuernavaca, a city near Mexico's capital where authorities say a battle has erupted for leadership of the Beltran Leyva cartel. Its leader was killed in a battle with marines in December.

    Police said the six men were tortured, then each shot once in the head.

    http://english.aljazeera.net/news/americas/2010/04/201041432158263233.html
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