Brazil can no longer be considered the main corridor on the route of international drug trafficking on the continent, according to the brazilian Federal Police (PF).
According to the director general of the PF, Luiz Fernando Corrêa, although the country still be where drugs come onto the world market, the main “corridor” is above the equator, just beyond the borders of northern Brazil.
According to him, the main trafficking of drugs goes through countries like Venezuela and Suriname, and from there the drugs fuel Africa and North America.
The drug cartels still leaves a lot of drugs in Brazil, but the great hall of supply is above the equator, involving other countries. Of course we have an extensive trade, air and sea routes, and it is used by traffickers. On a daily basis, we apprehend mules in our airports but it just does not do Brazil into the great escape route for drugs to third markets, he said.
According to the director general of PF, the police is increasing the number of policemen and investing in technology to improve patrolling the Brazilian borders.
We are working in partnership with the police of neighboring countries. Our intention is not only stop the trafficking, but also to the production of drugs, he said. In 2006, 553 officers were working on the monitoring of borders. In 2010, that number rose to 982.
By 2014, the Federal Police will invest $ 348 million dollars in the purchase of 14 air monitoring equipment – a kind of drone that sends images to a central 24/7. If they detect any suspicious activity, a PF team is sent immediately to the site.
Without this unmanned aerial vehicle, we have to make a costly patrolling with helicopters and displacing people. Then there are helicopters and resources.
We have a schedule and a budget to purchase these unmanned vehicles and use them across borders, we will also use these drones to monitor the World Cup 2014 and the Olympic Games 2016.
The goal is that in the coming years, we will reduce the amount of drugs coming inmto the country , since the intention is to eradicate production in neighboring countries, said Luiz Fernando Corrêa.
In addition to unmanned aircraft this year, the PF will get two more helicopters to assist in monitoring the borders. But the director general of the organization concedes that there are still shortcomings and lack of resources and equipment for the job.
Of course we have little aerial structure to meet demand, but add up our equipment to the National Force, the state forces, the armed forces and that is how we work.
We do have to increase capacity, because the neighboring countries will cooperate in this fight and will open their air space for us to do the monitoring, then we have to monitor outside Brazil as well, he said.
Between January and May 2010, the Federal Police seized 19.7 tons of drugs like cocaine, marijuana, crack cocaine, hashish and others throughout the national territory.
Marijuana is the champion of seizures: only the first five months of the year, were confiscated 14.7 tons of drugs. In 2009, marijuana was responsible for 84%, or 131 tons. The total seizure of the year was 156 t of drugs.
In these figures we do not considered drugs like ecstasy, LSD and like, which are counted by unit and not by pounds.
The director of the Federal Police Corrêa says that marijuana, cocaine and crack were the drugs most consumed in Brazil. The PF estimates that 2.6% of the population is a user of marijuana.
Paraguay is the main supplier of the drug, but it is also cultivated in Brazilian territory, in the states of Pernambuco, Bahia, Maranhão and Pará.
Already Bolivia, Peru and Colombia fuel the Brazilian market for cocaine and crack. The PF believes that 0.7% of the population uses cocaine and 1% use crack often.
Part of the achievements and seizures of the Federal Police are seeds and marijuana plants and destruction of crops.
In 2009, the PF has destroyed 2.1 million feet of the drug, until May this year were just over 390,000.
The consumption of other drugs are considered of stabilized consumption in Brazil. The Federal Police estimates that between 0.5% and 0.7% of the population are frequent users of amphetamines and ecstasy, respectively.
Both are produced in Holland in the European Union and Brazil.
Amphetamine is produced in the form of an appetite suppressant. Last year, the federal police seized 45,500 tablets of amphetamine and ecstasy. Between January and May this year were 15,800 tablets
Monday, July 19, 2010
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