World Health Organization recommends rescheduling cannabis, provides clarity on CBD

By TheBigBadWolf · Mar 17, 2019 · ·
  1. TheBigBadWolf
    World_Health_Organization_logo_WHO-768x512.jpg
    Member states of the United Nations Commission on Narcotic Drugs (CND) received the World Health Organization Expert Committee on Drug Dependence’s (ECDD) cannabis recommendations, which had been expected in December, Marijuana Business Daily has learned.

    The CND had been expected to consider rescheduling cannabis in March 2019 at its annual meeting, but the delay in receiving the ECDD recommendations may push that consideration into 2020 to provide additional time for member states to review them.

    The report recommends several changes to how cannabis is scheduled, which could have significant implications for the cannabis industry:

    The scheduling of cannabis in the international drug control conventions wouldn’t be as restrictive as it is now, because it would be removed from Schedule IV of the 1961 Convention, the category reserved for the most dangerous substances.
    THC in all forms would be removed from the 1971 Convention and placed with cannabis in Schedule I of the 1961 Convention, significantly simplifying cannabis classification.
    Pure CBD and CBD preparations containing no more than 0.2% THC would not be included in any way in the international drug control conventions.
    Pharmaceutical preparations containing 9-THC, if they follow certain criteria, would be added to Schedule III of the 1961 Convention, recognizing the unlikelihood of abuse.

    MJBizDaily obtained and reviewed a copy of the recommendations – which have not yet been made public – on how to schedule different categories of cannabis and cannabis-related substances. Those changes include:

    • Cannabis and cannabis resin

    The report recommends cannabis and cannabis resin “be deleted from Schedule IV of the Single Convention on Narcotics Drugs (1961).”

    Schedule IV of the 1961 Convention, the most restrictive category, includes dangerous substances with extremely limited or no medical value.

    If this recommendation is followed, cannabis and cannabis resin instead would remain in Schedule I.

    In justifying the change, the ECDD noted:

    “The evidence presented to the Committee did not indicate that cannabis plant and cannabis resin were particularly liable to produce ill-effects similar to the effects of the other substances in Schedule IV of the 1961 Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs. In addition, preparations of cannabis have shown therapeutic potential for treatment of pain and other medical conditions such as epilepsy and spasticity associated with multiple sclerosis. In line with the above, cannabis and cannabis resin should be scheduled at a level of control that will prevent harm caused by cannabis use and at the same time will not act as a barrier to access and to research and development of cannabis-related preparation for medical use.”

    • Dronabinol (delta-9) and tetrahydrocannabinol (isomers of delta-9-THC)

    The report recommends that dronabinol and tetrahydrocannabinol (THC and its isomers) be “deleted from the Convention on Psychotropic Substances (1971) and added to Schedule I of the Single Convention on Narcotics Drugs (1961).”

    These recommendations would simplify the scheduling, grouping all forms of THC in the same category as cannabis and cannabis resin.

    The dangers associated with THC are similar to those of cannabis and cannabis resin, so it would be consistent to have them all together in the same category, the report noted.

    The report compares the reclassification to cocaine being in the same category as the coca leaf and morphine in the same category as opium.

    In the case of isomers of delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol, the move would also simplify and bring consistency.

    “Due to the chemical similarity of each of the six isomers to delta-9-THC, it is very difficult to differentiate any of these six isomers from delta-9-THC using standard methods of chemical analysis,” the report said.

    • Extracts and tinctures of cannabis

    The report recommends that extracts and tinctures of cannabis be “deleted from Schedule I of the Single Convention on Narcotics Drugs (1961).”

    The committee recommended to delete this category from the 1961 Convention because extracts and tinctures encompass “diverse preparations with a variable concentration of delta-9 THC,” some being nonpsychoactive and with “promising therapeutic applications.”

    Cannabidiol preparations

    The ECDD previously finalized the critical review of pure CBD, recommending it not to be scheduled within the drug control conventions.

    Doubts remained about CBD preparations containing some THC, which the report clarified its position on:

    “The Committee recommended that a footnote be added to Schedule I of the 1961 Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs to read: ‘Preparations containing predominantly cannabidiol and not more than 0.2% of delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol are not under international control.'”

    The committee also noted:

    “Cannabidiol is found in cannabis and cannabis resin but does not have psychoactive properties and has no potential for abuse and no potential to produce dependence. It does not have significant ill-effects. Cannabidiol has been shown to be effective in the management of certain treatment-resistant, childhood-onset epilepsy disorders. It was approved for this use in the United States in 2018 and is currently under consideration for approval by the EU.”

    • Pharmaceutical preparations of cannabis and dronabinol

    The Committee notes that there are currently two main types of medications containing delta-9-THC:

    Preparations that contains both delta-9-THC and CBD, such as Sativex.
    Preparations that contain only delta-9-THC as the active compound, such as Marinol or Syndros.

    Because “the evidence concerning the use of these delta-9-THC containing medicines is that they are not associated with problems of abuse and dependence and they are not diverted for the purpose of non-medical use,” and “in order not to impede access to these medicines,” the committee recommended not to include these medicines in the restrictive categories Schedule I of the 1961 or Schedule II of the 1971 Convention.

    Instead, the less restrictive Schedule III of the 1961 Convention was recommended:

    “The Committee recommended that preparations containing delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (dronabinol), produced either by chemical synthesis or as a preparation of cannabis, that are compounded as pharmaceutical preparations with one or more other ingredients and in such a way that delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (dronabinol) cannot be recovered by readily available means or in a yield which would constitute a risk to public health, be added to Schedule III of the 1961 Convention on Narcotic Drugs.”

    Original Source

    Written by: Alfredo Pascual, Jan 31, 2019, World Health Organization recommends rescheduling cannabis, provides clarity on CBD,

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Comments

  1. kumar420
    For fuck's sake. Its taken them this long to realise that cannabis isn't nearly as harmful as methamphetamine, cocaine, heroin, etc. Anybody with frontal lobe capacity and basic reasoning skills should know that without doing any research whatsoever.
    At least they seem to be done with this 'sitting on the fence' shit that they've been pulling for the past few decades. Hopefully this will lead to more countries considering decriminalisation, if not legalising it entirely.
      TheBigBadWolf likes this.
  2. TheBigBadWolf
    Not in my country.
    the mre they do for medicinal purposesthe harder they crack on recreational users. After a period of relative safety I have become very reluctant to carry any hash with me, which I have had no fear of during the time from 1990 to 2015. And I hear that it is not only my federal state (which is notorious to be very repressive).
    On the other hand they don't even have enough MMJ for the approved cannabis patients, so at times people need to use illegal sorces.
    It's as typical German as it can be: What's not absolutely allowed is forbidden and what's forbidden will be enforced by police and courts. Whether it is victimless crimes like having a few plants for my own hurting back or it is international drug trafficking. The war on drug users is not yet over, don't think so.
    And the National Opioid Conspiration in US doesn't help any, either.
    1. kumar420
      That's a damn shame. Australia isn't much better, we only recently legalized MMJ and even then it is restricted to those with chronic conditions (in some states it is only legal for those with severe cancer/epilepsy/etc). The supply is also extremely restricted, I think there's less than five licensed producers of MMJ in the entire country. There also isn't a whole lot of doctors willing to risk their careers getting the necessary licensing to prescribe MMJ, last I read there was less than 50 in the whole country.

      It still remains totally illegal in every state except South Australia, where it isn't technically decriminalized, but the police seem to ignore smaller amounts and any grows of two plants or less. Its also mostly ignored in Tasmania, but here in Queensland it remains at the same schedule it has always been at.
      Stupid policy, considering QLD has the highest rate of drug use in the entire country.
  3. TheBigBadWolf
    YEa, that's what I hear from Queenslanders, too, and that weed would be not at all an issue compared with what you call Ice in OZ.
      kumar420 likes this.
    1. kumar420
      Personally I don't notice too many ice addicts roaming around the place, but having lived on the Sunshine coast for the last few years (it being a higher income area) that is probably why.
      When I go to places like nambour and certain sections of Brisbane I see a few likely candidates, nobody ever bothers me though (I think all the burn and knife scars act as a deterrent, thank god for that).
      I did find a bag of crystal on the ground though, with a whole bunch of other clean baggies near my uni residence. Probably a dealer or cook around here somewhere. I've seen a few used empty ones lying around too.
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