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Ethnobotanicals Documents
Documents about Ayahuasca, Betel Nut, Calea zacatechichi, Coca, Ephedra, Kava, Khat (Catha edulis), Kratom Morning Glory & Hawaiian Baby Woodrose, Nightshades, Peyote & San Pedro, Salvia divinorum, Sinicuichi, St. John's Wort
New entries announced in forum Ethnobotanicals
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Betel Nut Documents [16 entries]
Coca Documents [30 entries]
Dream Herb Documents [7 entries]
Ephedra Documents [11 entries]
Iboga Documents [56 entries]
Kava Documents [73 entries]
Khat Documents [71 entries]
Kratom Documents [42 entries]
Nightshade Documents [21 entries]
Salvia Documents [74 entries]
Sinicuichi Documents [5 entries]
 
Cultivation Documents [5 entries]
 

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Access denied "Legal highs"--constituents, activity, toxicology, and herbal folklore (1978)
John Kennedy Brown and Marvin H. Malone

Clinical Toxicology 1978 12:1-31

Abstract:

Do "legal highs" deliver full value ? Or do they represent just another commercially profitable rip-off? This presentation briefly debates the efficacy and hazards of some of the more widely advertised...
 
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Submitted by Dr. Jackal Find all entries from this user
28-02-2010
2.02 Mbytes Hits 45
Access denied β-Carboline alkaloids in Peganum harmala and inhibition of human monoamine oxidase (MAO) (2010)
Food and Chemical Toxicology, 2010, Vol.48(3), pp.839-845.

Herraiz T, González D, Ancín-Azpilicueta C, Arán VJ, Guillén H.

Abstract
Peganum harmala L. is a multipurpose medicinal plant increasingly used for psychoactive recreational purposes (Ayahuasca analog). Harmaline, harmine, harmalol,...
 
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Submitted by Calliope Find all entries from this user
19-01-2015
787.57 Kbytes Hits 11
Keywords: maoi harmaline harmala
Access denied (+)- And (-)-borneol: efficacious positive modulators of GABA action at human recombinant alpha1beta2gamma2L GABA(A) receptors (2005)
(+)- And (−)-borneol: efficacious positive modulators of GABA action at human recombinant α1β2γ2L GABAA receptors

Biochemical Pharmacology, Vol. 69, Issue 7, 1.Apr.2005, Pages 1101–1111

Renee E. Granger, Erica L. Campbell, Graham A.R. Johnston

Abstract:
(+)-Borneol is a bicyclic...
 
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Submitted by Behrang Find all entries from this user
07-08-2014
261.67 Kbytes Hits 2
Keywords: chinese gaba herb receptor valerian borneol monoterpene valeriana xenopus oocyte japanese
Access denied 1879 article on "stimulant use by the savages"
a funny 19th century article, full of errors and broad statements, a world tour if you like, but an amusing read.  
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Submitted by Benga Find all entries from this user
14-01-2006
1.77 Mbytes Hits 60
Access denied A COMPREHENSIVE PHARMACOGNOSTIC REPORT ON VALERIAN
Valerian is reviewed for various taxonomical aspects including botanical authenticity, historical backgrounds, description, existing common names, medicinally important species, going through cultivation, commerce, regulation to phytochemical description, pharmacodynamics, pharmacokinetics, adverse...  
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Submitted by Mindless Find all entries from this user
07-04-2012
664.02 Kbytes Hits 18
Access denied A new and novel treatment of opioid dependence: Nigella sativa 500mg (2008)
A new and novel treatment of opioid dependence: Nigella sativa 500 mg.

Sangi S, Ahmed SP, Channa MA, Ashfaq M, Mastoi SM.
Department of Pharmacology, Fatima Jinnah Dental College, Karachi.

Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad 20(2):118-124 Apr-June 2008

Abstract:

BACKGROUND:...
 
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Submitted by Phenoxide Find all entries from this user
02-05-2011
131.07 Kbytes Hits 18
Keywords: black opiate opioid sativa withdrawal nigella cumin
Access denied A propos des usages rituels des hallucinogènes
Article in french.

Paru dans ethnopsy n°2, Drogue et Mondes.

Un excellent article sur l'usage traditionnel des plantes chamaniques et des croyances qui les entourent.

A lire!
 
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Submitted by Guigz Find all entries from this user
14-08-2009
282.49 Kbytes Hits 20
Keywords: hallucinogènes
Access denied Accumulation of β-Carboline Alkaloids and Serotonin by Cell Cultures of Peganum harnala L. (1981)
Florenz Sasse, Ute Heckenberg, and Jochen Berlin; Plant Physiol. (1982) 69, 400-404

Abstract:

A number of cell cultures of Peganum harmala were initiated to check for a correlation between the harman alkaloid content of seedlings and cell lines derived there from. Despite a poor correlation...
 
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Submitted by John_bob Find all entries from this user
09-01-2015
989.38 Kbytes Hits 3
Keywords: harmala harmaline harman harmine maoi peganum carboline
Access denied Acorus calamus L.
Information document for Acora Calamus (Calamus)


(undated)
 
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Submitted by bananaskin Find all entries from this user
26-05-2010
18.38 Kbytes Hits 20
Keywords: acorus calamus
Access denied Acute myocardial infarction and coronary vasospasm associated with the ingestion of cayenne pepper pills in a 25-year-old male
This is the first report linking the use of cayenne pepperpills for slimming to an acute coronary syndrome, and one of the few cases associated with capsaicin. Capsaicin,a sympathomimetic agent, may be implicated in the initiation of coronary vasospasm and acute myocardial infarction in the absence...  
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Submitted by Mindless Find all entries from this user
09-03-2012
848.33 Kbytes Hits 2
Access denied An Internet-Based Randomized, Placebo-Controlled Trial of Kava and Valerian for Anxiety and Insomnia.
Medicine. 84(4):197-207, July 2005.
Jacobs, Bradly P. MD, MPH; Bent, Stephen MD; Tice, Jeffrey A. MD; Blackwell, Terri MA; Cummings, Steven R. MD, FACP

Abstract:
The herbal extracts kava and valerian are the leading dietary supplements used in the self-management of anxiety and insomnia,...

See also Kava Documents 
 
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Submitted by ThirdEyeFloond Find all entries from this user
27-10-2008
496.09 Kbytes Hits 52
Access denied Anticonvulsant, anxiolytic, and sedative properties of the roots of Nauclea latifolia Smith in mice
E. Ngo Bum, G.S. Taiwe, F.C.O. Moto, G.T. Ngoupaye, G.C.N. Nkantchoua, M.M. Pelanken, S.V. Rakotonirina, A. Rakotonirina, Anticonvulsant, anxiolytic, and sedative properties of the roots of Nauclea latifolia Smith in mice, Epilepsy & Behavior, Volume 15, Issue 4, August 2009, Pages 434-440, ISSN...  
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Submitted by BitterSweet Find all entries from this user
26-10-2013
451.46 Kbytes Hits 4
Keywords: anticonvulsants antipruritic anxiolytic latifolia pentylone sedative
Access denied Antidiabetic Effect of Nauclea latifolia Leaf Ethanolic Extract in Streptozotocin-induced Diabetic Rats
Abubakar G, Danladi A A, Sunday E A, Sani I. Antidiabetic Effect of Nauclea latifolia Leaf Ethanolic Extract in Streptozotocin-induced Diabetic Rats. Phcog Res [serial online] 2009 [cited 2013 Oct 26];1:392-5. Available from: http://www.phcogres.com/text.asp?2009/1/6/392/58024

Abstract

The...
 
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Submitted by BitterSweet Find all entries from this user
26-10-2013
52.76 Kbytes Hits 2
Keywords: ethan latifolia
Access denied Antimicrobial activity of Acorus calamus (L.) rhizome and leaf extract
Document analysing parts of the acora calamus (calamus) plant


(2009)
 
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Submitted by bananaskin Find all entries from this user
26-05-2010
149.13 Kbytes Hits 7
Keywords: calamus acora
Access denied antinociceptive effects of peganum harmala l. alkaloid extract on mouse formalin test 5 *
Journal pharm pharmaceut sci 2004
Examines effects of p. harmala on pain in mice

Monsef, Hamid Reza ; Ghobadi, Ali ; Iranshahi, Mehrdad ; Abdollahi, Mohammad

To evaluate the effect of Peganum harmala (Syrian rue) a wild-growing flowering plant belonging to the family Zygophylaceae and found...
 
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Submitted by Heretic.Ape. Find all entries from this user
12-05-2007
619.09 Kbytes Hits 18
Keywords: peganum harmala
Access denied Antinociceptive, anti-inflammatory and bronchodilator activities of Brazilian medicinal plants containing coumarin: a comparative study (2000)
Authors: L.K.A.M. Leal, A.A.G. Ferreira, G.A. Bezerra, F.J.A. Matos, G.S.B. Viana

Abstract: This work studied the antinociceptive, antiinflammatory and bronchodilator activities of hydroalcoholic extracts (HAEs) from Torresea cearensis, Justicia pectoralis, Eclipta alba, Pterodon polygaliflorus...
 
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Submitted by Mersann Find all entries from this user
21-06-2012
89.56 Kbytes Hits 9
Access denied Aphrodisiac Properties Of Turnera Diffusa
Paper documenting research on Damiana, conducted on mice.

Liza (Jodarski) Helmrick and Charity Reiser

(Undated)
 
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Submitted by bananaskin Find all entries from this user
09-06-2010
254.52 Kbytes Hits 12
Keywords: damiana diffusa turnera aphrodisiac
Access denied Bioactive Nutraceuticals and Dietary Supplements in Neurological and Brain Disease (Prevention and Therapy) - Chapter 03: Neuropharmacology Effects of Saffron (Crocus sativus) and Its Active Constituents (2015)
Bioactive Nutraceuticals and Dietary Supplements in Neurological and Brain Disease (Prevention and Therapy)

Edited by:Ronald Ross Watson and Victor R. Preedy

ISBN: 978-0-12-411462-3

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/book/9780124114623

--------------------------------
 
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Submitted by Behrang Find all entries from this user
06-11-2014
1.22 Mbytes Hits 6
Access denied BIOSYNTHESIS AND TURNOVER OF NJCDIMETHYLTRYPTAMINE AND 5-METHOXY-N,iV-DIMETHYLTRYPTAMINE IN PHALARIS TUBEROSA
CLAIRE BAXTER and M. SLAYTOR
Department of Biochemistry, The University of Sydney, Sydney, N.S.W. 2006, Australia
(Received 25 November 1971, in revised form 25 February 1972)

Key Word Index-Phalaris tuberosa; Gramineae; alkaloid; biosynthesis; alkaloid turnover; N,N-dimethyl-
tryptamine;...

See also Organic Chemistry Books  Ayahuasca & DMT Documents 
 
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Submitted by Joe-(5-HTP) Find all entries from this user
16-03-2010
591.11 Kbytes Hits 32
Keywords: phalaris
Access denied Black henbane
Basic document showing identifying traits of Blavck Henbane.

Stevens County Noxious Weed Control Board,
June 2001; Updated Jan 2006

See also Nightshade Documents 
 
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Submitted by bananaskin Find all entries from this user
05-06-2010
207.07 Kbytes Hits 16
Keywords: hyoscyamus black henbane
Access denied Blue Vervain: A Grower's Guide
The blue vervain, or Verbena hastata, is the most popular Verbena today, but its European cousin, V. officinalis, known simply as ‘vervain,’ also has medicinal properties and is used widely. If collecting seed locally, get a positive identification on the plant, because blue vervain also has...  
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Submitted by Johan73 Find all entries from this user
12-07-2009
118.49 Kbytes Hits 15
Access denied Central activity of hydroalcoholic extracts from Erythrina velutina and Erythrina mulungu in mice
This work studied the central behavioural effects of hydroalcoholic extracts from the stem bark of Erythrina velutina and Erythrina mulungu on the elevated plus maze, open field, and rota rod tests in mice. These medicinal plants belong to the Fabaceae family and are popularly used in Brazil for...  
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Submitted by Bajeda Find all entries from this user
07-06-2007
186.31 Kbytes Hits 76
Keywords: mulungu extract erythrina
Access denied Chemical composition from volatile oil of the stem bark of Guarea macrophylla Vahl. ssp. tuberculata Vellozo
The stem bark of Guarea macrophylla Vahl. ssp. tuberculata Vellozo (Meliaceae) was submitted to
steam distillation and adsorption chromatographic separation. Seventeen sesquiterpenes, one diterpene and four
fatty acids were identified using a combination of GC, GC – MS, 1 H- and 13 C-NMR.
 
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Submitted by helikophis Find all entries from this user
06-05-2009
58.90 Kbytes Hits 26
Access denied Chemical composition of root and stem bark extracts of Nauclea latifolia
Chemical composition of root and stem bark extracts of Nauclea latifolia
Egbung G.E, Atangwho I.J, Iwara I.A, Odey M .O and Ebong P.E
Department of Biochemistry, University of Calabar, Calabar, Nigeria
...
 
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Submitted by Basoodler Find all entries from this user
21-09-2013
126.10 Kbytes Hits 2
Access denied Chemical Constituents of Acorus calamus from a Kansas Prairie
Mass Spectrum analysis of Acora Calamus (Calamus) plant


(undated)
 
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Submitted by bananaskin Find all entries from this user
26-05-2010
302.94 Kbytes Hits 8
Keywords: acora calamus
Access denied Chemical study of seeds and bark of Guarea trichilioides [Guarea guidonia] (Meliaceae).
[ARTICLE IN PORTUGESE]

Acta Amazonica Volume 23(3)

WOLTER, Esther L.A.; ROCHA, Arnaldo F.I da WOLTER FILHO, Wilson; PEREIRA JÚNIOR, OrlandoL.; SIQUEIRA, ane Beatriz G.; ZOGHBI, Maria das Graças B.

Resumo
Da casca da madeira de Guarea trichilioides foram isoladas e identificadas atraves...
 
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Submitted by ThirdEyeFloond Find all entries from this user
06-05-2009
745.36 Kbytes Hits 9
Keywords: guarea_trichilioides
Access denied Chemicals Constituents of the Epiphytic and Lithophilic Lichens of the Genus Collema.
Documentation of tryptamines in Lichen

See also Tryptamines Documents 
 
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Submitted by Porvata Find all entries from this user
09-03-2011
103.73 Kbytes Hits 32
Keywords: tryptamines bufotenin
Access denied Chemotaxonomy of the pantropical genus Merremia (Convolvulaceae) based on the distribution of tropane alkaloids
  The occurrence and distribution of tropane and biogenetically related pyrrolidine alkaloids in 18 Merremia species of paleo-, neo-, and pantropical occurrence have been studied. The extensive GC–MS study included members of almost all sections of the genus and has been carried out with epigeal...  
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Submitted by Potter Find all entries from this user
28-08-2009
301.67 Kbytes Hits 36
Keywords: tropanes merremia dissecta alamo
Access denied Colonization by Psilocybe semilanceata of roots of grassland flora
Susan M. Keay, Averil E. Brown, Colonization by Psilocybe semilanceata of roots of grassland flora, Mycological Research, Volume 94, Issue 1, January 1990, Pages 49-56, ISSN 0953-7562, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0953-7562(09)81263-X....  
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Submitted by BitterSweet Find all entries from this user
30-10-2013
2.67 Mbytes Hits 6
Keywords: tenuiflora psilocybe grass
Access denied Cyanogenic Glycosides (in cassava and bamboo) - A Health Risk Assessment
A study and health risk assessment of cyanogenic glycosides as present in cassava and bamboo.
Food Standards Australia and New Zealand - July, 2004.

(Recommended reading for all where the topic of interest covers ethnobotanical/other plants which produce cyanogenic glycoside/HCN.)
 
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Submitted by salviablue Find all entries from this user
26-04-2010
270.85 Kbytes Hits 3
Keywords: hcl hcn cynogenic glycosides cyanide
Access denied Cycloartane triterpenoids from Guarea macrophylla
Nine cycloartane triterpenoids, including two new derivatives 22,25-dihydroxy-cycloart-23E-en-3-one and 24-methylenecy-
cloartane-3b,22-diol have been isolated from leaves of Guarea macrophylla. The structures were elucidated by interpretation of
spectral data, mainly 1H and 13C NMR, including...
 
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Submitted by helikophis Find all entries from this user
06-05-2009
100.80 Kbytes Hits 23
Access denied Cytotoxicity of plants used in traditional medicine in Yemen
Twenty-five extracts obtained from 14 plant species used in the traditional medicine in Yemen have been screened for cytotoxic activity against human ECV-304 cells. Extracts of Dracaena cinnabari, Eucalyptus camaldulensis, Euclea divinorum, Euphorbia cactus, Pulicaria crispa, and Withania somnifera...  
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Submitted by Alfa Find all entries from this user
30-06-2006
65.60 Kbytes Hits 77
Keywords: ethnobotanicals toxicity
Access denied Cytotoxicity of the beta-carboline alkaloids harmine and harmaline in human cell assays in vitro.
Exp Toxicol Pathol. 2008 Aug;60(4-5):381-9. Epub 2008 Apr 21.

Jiménez J, Riverón-Negrete L, Abdullaev F, Espinosa-Aguirre J, Rodríguez-Arnaiz R.

beta-Carboline alkaloids are natural products widely distributed in plants and also found in alcoholic beverages, well-cooked foods and tobacco...
 
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Submitted by ThirdEyeFloond Find all entries from this user
09-11-2008
353.73 Kbytes Hits 21
Keywords: harmaline harmine
Access denied Definitions and information on a previously existing university department
Definitions and information on a previously existing university department,
(An English Translation from original German Text: Ethnobotanik und Ethnomedizin )

Article by Christian Rätsch

"Ethnomedicine, ethnobotany, ethnopharmacology researched and taught the traditional knowledge of...

See also Drug History Documents 
 
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Submitted by ZenobiaSky Find all entries from this user
26-01-2014
88.37 Kbytes Hits 4
Access denied Determination of the essential oil content of Juniperus Virginiana
A document covering the essential oil content obtained from the leaf distillation of a common species known universally as Eastern Red Cedar.  
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Submitted by illi Find all entries from this user
17-12-2009
111.96 Kbytes Hits 31
Access denied Dihydrobenzofurans as cannabinoid receptor ligands from Cordyceps annullata, an entomopathogenic fungus cultivated in the presence of an HDAC inhibitor
The secondary metabolite production of Cordyceps annullata, an entomopathogenic fungus, was clearly enhanced by the addition of suberoyl bis-hydroxamic acid (SBHA), a histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor, to the culture medium. Four new 2,3-dihydrobenzofurans, annullatins A–D (1–4), and a new...

See also Magic mushrooms Documents 
 
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Submitted by Porvata Find all entries from this user
25-03-2012
611.30 Kbytes Hits 19
Access denied Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Safety and Efficacy Trial with Yohimbine Hydrochloride in the Treatment of Non-Organic Erectile Dysfunction (Vogt et al, 1997)
Originally published in The International Journal of Impotence Research  
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Submitted by Jatelka Find all entries from this user
19-12-2007
112.39 Kbytes Hits 46
Keywords: yohimbine
Access denied Drugs During Pregnancy and Lactation, 3rd Ed. (Treatment Options and Risk Assessment) - 2.21: Recreational drugs (2015)
Drugs During Pregnancy and Lactation, 3rd Ed. (Treatment Options and Risk Assessment)

Edited by: Christof Schaefer, Paul W J Peters, Richard K Miller

ISBN: 978-0-12-408078-2

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/book/9780124080782
...

See also Amphetamine Documents  Cocaine & Crack Documents  Dissociatives Documents  PCP Documents  Ecstasy (MDMA, MDEA, MDA) Documents  GHB & GBL Documents  LSD Documents  Mephedrone & other Beta-ketones Documents  The Euphoric body Documents  Cannabis Documents  Khat Documents  Magic mushrooms Documents  Opium, Opiate & Opioids Documents  Buprenorphine Documents  Heroin Documents  Methadone Documents  Morphine Documents  Caffeine Documents  Hallucinogens in general Documents  Stimulants in general Documents  Tobacco Documents 
 
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Access denied Effect of Datura (seed) on rat brain and urinary metabolites
Hasan SS, Kushwaha AK.

The effect of Datura alba (seed) extract on the brain and urinary metabolites of rats was studied. Treatment with Datura brought about a decrease in the activity of brain lipid peroxidase and catalase while an increase in the activity of fructose diphosphate aldolase and...

See also Nightshade Documents 
 
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Submitted by Gradient Find all entries from this user
20-12-2009
847.60 Kbytes Hits 11
Access denied Effect of Erythrina velutina and Erythrina mulungu in rats submitted to animal models of anxiety and depression
Erythrina velutina (EV) and Erythrina mulungu (EM), popularly used in Brazil as tranquilizing agents, were studied. The effects of acute and chronic oral treatment with a water:alcohol extract of EV (7:3, plant grounded stem bark; acute = 100, 200, 400 mg/kg; chronic = 50, 100, 200 mg/kg) were...  
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Submitted by Bajeda Find all entries from this user
07-06-2007
538.87 Kbytes Hits 28
Keywords: mulungu depression erythrina
 



 
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