Cocaine is listed as a Schedule I drug
in the 1961 United Nations Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs
, making it illegal for non-state-sanctioned production, manufacture, export, import, distribution, trade, use or possession.
In the United States cocaine is a Schedule II drug under the Controlled Substance Act (CSA) since it has high abuse potential but also carries a medicinal purpose. For legal purposes, crack is not distinguished from cocaine under this act, as it is essentially the same drug compound manufactured in a different way.