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Antioxidant compounds protect dopamine neurons from death due to oxidative stress in vitro

Antioxidant compounds protect dopamine neurons from death due to oxidative stress in vitro

  1. Gradient
    Natalie D. Stull, David P. Polan and Lorraine Iacovitti

    Using tissue culture models of oxidative stress caused by serum deprivation or MPTP/MPP+ toxicity, the present study establishes that the antioxidants epigallocatechin gallate, lazaroids U74389G and U83836E, reservatrol, MnTBAP, MCI 186, trolox, and melatonin protect 68–100% of dopamine (DA) neurons from cell death. In contrast, the nitric oxide inhibitor LY83583, the caspase inhibitors Z-VAD-FMK, Ac-DQMD-CHO and Z-DEVD-FMK, and the CDK-5 inhibitor, roscovotine were not neuroprotective, although death was often delayed by 1 day in vitro. We conclude that antioxidants are more effective at preventing cell death in vitro than are inhibitors at later stages in the death cascade.