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Caffeine, stress, and proneness to psychosis-like experiences

Caffeine, stress, and proneness to psychosis-like experiences

  1. venkecske
    Jones, S. R. and Fernyhough, C.
    Personality and Individual Differences 46: 562-564 (2009)

    In diathesis–stress models of psychosis, cortisol released in response to stressors is proposed to play a role in the development of psychotic experiences. As caffeine has been found to increase cortisol response to a given stressor, we proposed that, when levels of stress were controlled for, caffeine intake would be related to hallucination-proneness and persecutory ideation.
    The present study offers preliminary evidence that, if levels of stress are controlled, caffeine intake in patients may relate to levels of hallucinatory experiences.