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Designer Drug 2,4,5-trimethoxyamphetamine (TMA-2): Studies on its Metabolism and Toxicological Detec

Designer Drug 2,4,5-trimethoxyamphetamine (TMA-2): Studies on its Metabolism and Toxicological Detec

  1. Jatelka
    Journal of Mass Spectrometry 2006 Sep;41(9):1140-8.

    Ewald AH, Fritschi G, Maurer HH .

    Studies are described on the metabolism and the toxicological detection of the amphetamine-derived designer drug 2,4,5-trimethoxyamphetamine (TMA-2) in rat urine using gas chromatographic/mass spectrometric (GC/MS) techniques. The identified metabolites indicated that TMA-2 was metabolized by oxidative deamination to the corresponding ketone followed by reduction to the corresponding alcohol, O-demethylation followed by oxidative deamination, and finally O,O-bis-demethylation. All metabolites carrying hydroxy groups were found to be partly excreted in urine as glucuronides and/or sulfates. The authors' systematic toxicological analysis (STA) procedure using full-scan GC/MS after acid hydrolysis, liquid-liquid extraction, and microwave-assisted acetylation allowed the detection, in rat urine, of an intake of TMA-2 that corresponds to a common drug users' dose. Assuming similar metabolism, the described STA procedure in human urine should be suitable as proof of an intake of TMA-2.