Detection and determination of active metabolites of 1-(2-o-chlorobenzoyl-4-chlorophenyl)-5-glycyl-aminomethyl-3-dimethylcarbamoyl-1H-1,2,4-triazole hydrochloride dihydrate,(450191-S), in rat tissues, using a radioreceptor assay for benzodiazepines.
- Study Author(s):
- Masafumi, F., Shin, H., Shirō, T., Katsumi, H., Hisao, H., & Tadashi, O.
- Journal Name:
- Biochemical pharmacology, 33, 10, 1645-1651
- Publication Date:
- 15 May 1984
1-(2-o-Chlorobenzoyl-4-chlorophenyl)-5-glycyl-aminomethyl-3-dimethylcarbamoyl-1H-1,2,4-triazole hydrochloride dihydrate, (450191-S), exhibits pronounced central nervous system (CNS) activities similar to those of benzodiazepines, but it has only low affinity for benzodiazepine receptors. However, when 450191-S was administered to rats at a dose of 10 mg/kg, brain extracts markedly inhibited [3H]diazepam binding to the receptors. Thin-layer chromatography (TLC), high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), and radioreceptor assay (RRA) were used to isolate three metabolites that could inhibit [3H]diazepain binding prominently. These were identified by gas chromatographymass spectrometry (GC/MS) as compounds having the triazolo-benzodiazepine skeleton. They showed high affinities for benzodiazepine receptors (Ki = 0.9 to 2.1 nM) and exerted potent pharmacological effects similar to those of 450191-S. In addition, their levels in the brain were sufficient to explain the pharmacological activity of 450191-S, which could not be detected in tissue extracts 15 min after administration. These results indicate that the pharmacological activity of 450191-S is largely due to the action of active metabolites, although some points remain to be elucidated to fully account for the large attenuation of the side effect (ataxia) compared with the major effects (anti-convulsant and hypnotic). We also determined the brain levels of metabolites following the administration of 450191-S and evaluated the extent to which each active metabolite contributes to the pharmacological activities of this drug.