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Disposition of Methamphetamine and it's Metabolite, Amphetamine in Brain and Other Tissues in Rats A

Disposition of Methamphetamine and it's Metabolite, Amphetamine in Brain and Other Tissues in Rats A

  1. Jatelka
    J Pharmacol Exp Ther 2000 Mar;292(3):1042-7.

    Rivière GJ, Gentry WB, Owens SM.

    These studies characterized the concentration-time profile of (+)-methamphetamine [(+)-METH] and its metabolite (+)-amphetamine [(+)-AMP] in the brain and five other tissues after (+)-METH administration. Male Sprague-Dawley rats received a pharmacologically active (+)-METH i.v. bolus dose (1.0 mg/kg) or a nonpharmacologically active s.c. infusion (20 h at 1.2 mg/kg/day). Tissues (n = 3 per time point) were collected for more than four elimination half-lives in the i.v. group, or at a single steady-state time point (20 h) in the s.c. group. Based on data from the area under the concentration-time curves after i.v. dosing, the rank order of (+)-METH tissue accumulation was kidney > spleen > brain > liver > heart > serum with terminal elimination half-life values ranging from 53 to 66 min. (+)-METH concentrations were highest at the first measured time point (2 min) in all tissues except the spleen, which peaked at 10 min. The brain-to-serum concentration ratio rose from 7:1 at 2 min to a peak of 13:1 at 20 min before equilibrating to a constant value of 8:1 at 2 h. Following s.c. (+)-METH dosing, the (+)-METH brain-to-serum concentration ratio was the same as the equilibrated ratio following i.v. dosing. (+)-AMP concentrations peaked at 20 min in all tissues before decaying with terminal elimination half-life values ranging from 68 to 75 min. Analysis of the area under the concentration-time curve molar amounts of (+)-AMP and (+)-METH showed that (+)-AMP accounted for approximately one-third of the drug tissue exposure over time. Thus, these data indicate the importance of both (+)-METH and (+)-AMP in pharmacological effects following i.v. (+)-METH administration.