1. Dear Drugs-Forum readers: We are a small non-profit that runs one of the most read drug information & addiction help websites in the world. We serve over 4 million readers per month, and have costs like all popular websites: servers, hosting, licenses and software. To protect our independence we do not run ads. We take no government funds. We run on donations which average $25. If everyone reading this would donate $5 then this fund raiser would be done in an hour. If Drugs-Forum is useful to you, take one minute to keep it online another year by donating whatever you can today. Donations are currently not sufficient to pay our bills and keep the site up. Your help is most welcome. Thank you.
    PLEASE HELP

Effect of age on in vitro triazolam biotransformation in male human liver microsomes

Effect of age on in vitro triazolam biotransformation in male human liver microsomes

  1. Jatelka
    J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 2004 Mar;308(3):874-9

    Patki KC, von Moltke LL, Harmatz JS, Hesse LM, Court MH, Greenblatt DJ

    We studied age-related changes in enzyme kinetic parameters in human liver microsomes (HLMs) in vitro, using triazolam (TRZ), an index of CYP3A activity. HLMs were prepared from male livers from four age groups, n = 5 per group: A (14-20 years), B (21-40 years), C (41-60 years), and D (61-72 years). Mean V(max) values in groups B and C for both 1-hydroxytriazolam (1-OH-TRZ) and 4-hydroxy-triazolam (4-OH-TRZ) formation were significantly greater as compared with groups A and D individually, as well as the net intrinsic clearance (sum of the two pathways). The mean net intrinsic clearance (Cl(int)) values were 25.2, 89.8, 78, and 20.6 nl/min/mg protein in A, B, C, and D, respectively. TRZ Cl(int) correlated well with total CYP3A content (r(s) = 0.84; P < 0.0001). Testosterone (TST) inhibited 1-OH-TRZ formation and activated 4-OH-TRZ formation in all age groups, with no significant differences among the groups; this suggests that the drug-drug interaction potential using TRZ and TST as index CYP3A substrates may not change with age. Reduced V(max) and Cl(int) for TRZ hydroxylation and CYP3A protein in livers from elderly men suggest reduced CYP3A gene expression in this group.
Tags: