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Evidence for the role of metabotropic glutamate (mGlu)2 not mGlu3 receptors in the preclinical antip

Evidence for the role of metabotropic glutamate (mGlu)2 not mGlu3 receptors in the preclinical antip

  1. Jatelka
    J Pharmacol Exp Ther 2008 Jul;326(1):209-17

    Fell MJ, Svensson KA, Johnson BG, Schoepp DD.

    (-)-(1R,4S,5S,6S)-4-amino-2-sulfonylbicyclo[3.1.0]hexane-4,6-dicarboxylic acid (LY404039) is a potent and selective group II metabotropic glutamate [(mGlu)2 and mGlu3] receptor agonist for which its prodrug LY2140023 [(1R,4S,5S,6S)-2-thiabicyclo[3.1.0]-hexane-4,6-dicarboxylic acid,4-[(2S)-2-amino-4-(methylthio)-1-oxobutyl]amino-, 2,2-dioxide monohydrate] has recently been shown to have efficacy in the treatment of the positive and negative symptoms of schizophrenia. In this article, we use mGlu receptor-deficient mice to investigate the relative contribution of mGlu2 and mGlu3 receptors in mediating the antipsychotic profile of LY404039 in the phencyclidine (PCP) and d-amphetamine (AMP) models of psychosis. To further explore the mechanism of action of LY404039, we compared the drugs' ability to block PCP-induced hyperlocomotion to that of atypical antipsychotics in wild-type and mice lacking mGlu2/3 receptors. In wild-type animals, LY404039 (3-30 mg/kg i.p.) significantly reversed AMP (5 mg/kg, i.p.)-induced increases in ambulations, distance traveled, and reduced time spent at rest. LY404039 reversed PCP (7.5 mg/kg i.p.)-evoked behaviors at 10 mg/kg. The antipsychotic-like effects of LY404039 (10 mg/kg i.p.) on PCP and AMP-evoked behavioral activation were absent in mGlu2 and mGlu2/3 but not in mGlu3 receptor-deficient mice, indicating that the activation of mGlu2 and not mGlu3 receptors is responsible for the antipsychotic-like effects of the mGlu2/3 receptor agonist LY404039. In contrast, the atypical antipsychotic drugs clozapine and risperidone inhibited PCP-evoked behaviors in both wild-type and mGlu2/3 receptor-deficient mice. These data demonstrate that the antipsychotic-like effects of the mGlu2/3 receptor agonist LY404039 in psychostimulant models of psychosis are mechanistically distinct from those of atypical antipsychotic drugs and are dependent on functional mGlu2 and not mGlu3 receptors.