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Hallucinogen-Like Effects of N,N-dipropyltryptamine (DPT): Possible Mediation Via 5HT-1a and 5HT-2a

Hallucinogen-Like Effects of N,N-dipropyltryptamine (DPT): Possible Mediation Via 5HT-1a and 5HT-2a

  1. Jatelka
    Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behaviour 2007,Published online Sep 14

    Fantegrossi WE, Reissig CJ, Katz EB, Yarosh HL, Rice KC, Winter JC

    N,N-dipropyltryptamine (DPT) is a synthetic tryptamine hallucinogen which has been used psychotherapeutically in humans, but has been studied preclinically only rarely. In the present studies, DPT was tested in a drug-elicited head-twitch assay in mice, and in rats trained to discriminate lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD), N,N-dimethyl-4-phosphoryloxytryptamine (psilocybin), or 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA). A separate group of rats was also trained to recognize DPT itself as a discriminative stimulus, and in all cases, the behavioral effects of DPT were challenged with the selective serotonin (5-HT)(2A) antagonist M100907, the 5-HT(1A) selective antagonist WAY-100635, or their combination. In the head-twitch assay, DPT elicited dose-dependent effects, producing a biphasic dose-effect curve. WAY-100635 produced a parallel rightward shift in the dose-effect curve for head twitches, indicative of surmountable antagonism, but the antagonist effects of M100907 were functionally insurmountable. DPT produced partial to full substitution when tested in rats trained to discriminate LSD, psilocybin or MDMA, and served as a discriminative stimulus. In all cases, the antagonist effects of M100907 were more profound than were those of WAY-100635. DPT is thus active in two rodent models relevant to 5-HT(2) agonist activity. The effectiveness with which M100907 antagonizes the behavioral actions of this compound strongly suggest that the 5-HT(2A) receptor is an important site of action for DPT, but the modulatory actions of WAY-100635 also imply a 5-HT(1A)-mediated component to the actions of this compound.