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Hallucinogenic Mushrooms in Mexico: An Overview

Hallucinogenic Mushrooms in Mexico: An Overview

  1. helikophis
    Psilocybe, with 53 known hallucinogenic
    species in Mexico, is the most important and diverse group of sacred mushrooms used by
    Mexican indigenous cultures. Psilocybe caerulescens, known by the present-day Nahuatl Indians as teotiaquilnancatl, is hypothesized to be the ceremonially-used teonanicatd mushroom cited
    by Sahagun in the 16th century, the true identity of which has remained obscure for centuries.
    Correcting a widely disseminated error derived from early published information on Mexican
    hallucinogenic mushrooms, emphasis is placed on the fadt that Panaeolus species have never
    been used traditionally in Mexico. Reports of the use of species of Amanita, Clavaria, Conocybe,
    Cordyceps, Dictyophora, Elaphomyces, Gomphus, Lycoperdon, Psathyrella, and Stropharia as
    sacred or narcotic mushrooms are discussed. A brief history of the discovery of hallucinogenic
    mushrooms in Mexico is presented, as well as notes on their taxonomy, distribution, and
    traditional use in Mexico.