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Highly selective kappa-opioid analgesics. 3. Synthesis and structure-activity relationships of novel

Highly selective kappa-opioid analgesics. 3. Synthesis and structure-activity relationships of novel

  1. Anonymous
    J Med Chem. 1990 Jan;33(1):286-91.
    Halfpenny PR, Horwell DC, Hughes J, Hunter JC, Rees DC.

    Abstract

    This paper describes the chemical synthesis, mu/kappa opioid receptor selectivity and analgesic activity of 14 novel N-[2-(1-pyrrolidinyl)-4- or -5-substituted-cyclohexyl]arylacetamide derivatives. The prototype kappa-selective agonist, PD117302 (trans-N-methyl-N-[2-(1-pyrrolidinyl)cyclohexyl]benzothiophene-4- acetamide, 2) has been regio- and stereoselectively substituted in the C-4 and C-5 positions of the cyclohexyl ring with the methyl ether and spiro tetrahydrofuran groups. It is observed that optimal mu/kappa-receptor selectivity is obtained when the oxygen atom of the methyl ether or the tetrahydrofuran ring is joined to the equatorial C-4 position. Hence, (-)-(5 beta,7 beta,8 alpha)-N-methyl-N-[7-(1-pyrrolidinyl)-1- oxaspiro[4.5]dec-8-yl]benzofuran-4-acetamide monohydrochloride (21) has exceptionally high kappa opioid receptor affinity and selectivity in vitro (kappa Ki = 0.83 nM, mu/kappa ratio = 1520) is the most potent kappa-selective analgesic ever reported. Compound 21 is 25 times more potent than morphine and 17 times more potent than U-62066 (spiradoline, 19) when assayed by the rat paw pressure test by intravenous administration (MPE50 = 0.024, 0.6, and 0.4 mg/kg, respectively).