1. Dear Drugs-Forum readers: We are a small non-profit that runs one of the most read drug information & addiction help websites in the world. We serve over 4 million readers per month, and have costs like all popular websites: servers, hosting, licenses and software. To protect our independence we do not run ads. We take no government funds. We run on donations which average $25. If everyone reading this would donate $5 then this fund raiser would be done in an hour. If Drugs-Forum is useful to you, take one minute to keep it online another year by donating whatever you can today. Donations are currently not sufficient to pay our bills and keep the site up. Your help is most welcome. Thank you.
    PLEASE HELP

Induction of heat shock protein HSP-70 in rat retrosplenial cortex following administration of dextr

Induction of heat shock protein HSP-70 in rat retrosplenial cortex following administration of dextr

  1. ThirdEyeFloond
    Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology
    Volume 1, Issue 4, 15 July 1996, Pages 235-239

    Kenji Hashimoto, Shin-ichiro Tomitaka, Natsuko Narita, Yoshio Minabe, Masaomi Iyo and Susumu Fukui

    Abstract

    Dextromethorphan, a non-competitive antagonist of N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptor, is one of the most widely used non-opioid cough suppressants, and it is generally considered to be a safe drug. In this study, we have examined whether dextromethorphan is neurotoxic to rat cerebrocortical neurons. Induction of heat shock protein HSP-70, an indicator of cellular stress, was observed in the posterior cingulate and retrosplenial cortex of rat brain after a single administration of dextromethorphan (75 mg/kg). Furthermore, administration of dextromethorphan (75 mg/kg) caused vacuolization in the same regions. These results suggest that high doses of dextromethorphan could cause neuronal injury in the cerebrocortical neurons.