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Interaction of diazepam with famotidine and cimetidine, two H2-receptor antagonists

Interaction of diazepam with famotidine and cimetidine, two H2-receptor antagonists

  1. Gradient
    Famotidine is currently under investigation as an H2-receptor antagonist. Eleven healthy male volunteers received a single 10 mg intravenous dose of diazepam on three occasions: once during coadministration of famotidine 40 mg bid, once during coadministration of cimetidine 300 mg qid, and once without other drug treatment (control). Multiple blood samples were drawn during the seven days after each diazepam dose. Diazepam and desmethyldiazepam plasma concentrations were measured by electron capture gas chromatography. There were no significant differences among the three treatment conditions in diazepam central compartment volume or total volume of distribution. During the cimetidine as compared with the control treatment, diazepam elimination half-life was significantly increased (72 vs 55 hr, P less than .05), total area under the curve (AUC) increased (11.8 vs 9.8 hr-micrograms/mL, P less than .05), and total clearance reduced (0.20 vs 0.28 mL/min/kg, P less than .05). Seven-day AUC for desmethyldiazepam also increased (4.6 vs 3.8 hr-micrograms/mL, P less than .05). However, there were no significant differences between famotidine and control treatment conditions in diazepam elimination half-life (53 vs 55 hr), total AUC (9.5 vs 9.8 hr-micrograms/mL), or total clearance (0.28 vs 0.28 mL/min/kg) or in seven-day AUC for desmethyldiazepam (3.9 vs 3.8 hr-micrograms/mL). Thus, therapeutic doses of cimetidine significantly impair the clearance of diazepam and desmethyldiazepam. Therapeutic doses of famotidine do not impair diazepam and desmethyldiazepam kinetics, suggesting that there is no significant kinetic interaction when diazepam and famotidine are administered concurrently in clinical practice.