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Long-term effects of chronic khat use: impaired inhibitory control

Long-term effects of chronic khat use: impaired inhibitory control

  1. Terrapinzflyer
    So far no studies have systematically looked into the cognitive consequences of khat use. This study compared the ability to inhibit and execute behavioral responses in adult khat users and khat-free controls, matched in terms of age, race, gender distribution, level of intelligence, alcohol and cannabis consumption. Response inhibition and response execution were measured by a stop-signal paradigm. Results show that users and non-users are comparable in terms of response execution but users need significantly more time to inhibit responses to stop signals than non-users.


    Lorenza S. Colzato, Manuel J. Ruiz, Wery P. M. van den Wildenberg, Maria Teresa Bajo and Bernhard Hommel
    1 Cognitive Psychology Unit, and Leiden Institute for Brain and Cognition, Leiden University, Leiden, Netherlands
    2 Department of Psychology, Granada University, Granada, Spain
    3 Amsterdam Center for the Study of Adaptive Control in Brain and Behaviour, Department of Psychology, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, Netherlands
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