1. Dear Drugs-Forum readers: We are a small non-profit that runs one of the most read drug information & addiction help websites in the world. We serve over 4 million readers per month, and have costs like all popular websites: servers, hosting, licenses and software. To protect our independence we do not run ads. We take no government funds. We run on donations which average $25. If everyone reading this would donate $5 then this fund raiser would be done in an hour. If Drugs-Forum is useful to you, take one minute to keep it online another year by donating whatever you can today. Donations are currently not sufficient to pay our bills and keep the site up. Your help is most welcome. Thank you.
    PLEASE HELP

Medications and their effects on sleep (2004)

Medications and their effects on sleep (2004)

  1. staples
    Qureshi A, Lee-Chiong T. Medical Clinics of North America. 2004;88(3):751–766.

    Abstract
    Although considered a passive process in the past, it is now known that falling asleep and passing through its various stages is an active process that is governed by certain groups of neurons in the brain. A multitude of neurotransmitters, hormones, peptides, and chemicals are involved in this process. Some of these chemicals are known, whereas others are still being investigated. Naturally, medications that interact with these transmitters and chemicals are bound to affect or alter sleep. Almost every medication has some effect on sleep. A detailed review of all these effects is beyond the scope of this article; instead, the authors will concentrate on three main effects of the drugs: (1) hypersomnolence, (2) insomnia, and (3) abnormal behaviors in sleep or parasomnias. It is interesting to note that some drugs can cause both hypersomnolence and insomnia in different individuals or in the same individual under different circumstances. Sleep and wakefulness are very complex processes. An understanding of the neurochemistry of sleep is very important to appreciate the interactions and effects of drugs on sleep.