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New designer drug α-pyrrolidinovalerophenone (PVP): studies on its metabolism and toxicological

New designer drug α-pyrrolidinovalerophenone (PVP): studies on its metabolism and toxicological

  1. Terrapinzflyer
    New designer drug
    α-pyrrolidinovalerophenone (PVP): studies on
    its metabolism and toxicological detection in
    rat urine using gas chromatographic/mass
    spectrometric techniques

    The aim of the present study was to identify the metabolites of the new designer drug α-pyrrolidinovalerophenone (PVP) in rat urine using GC/MS techniques. Eleven metabolites of PVP could be identified suggesting the following metabolic steps: hydroxylation of the side chain followed by dehydrogenation to the corresponding ketone; hydroxylation of the 2′′- position of the pyrrolidine ring followed by dehydrogenation to the corresponding lactam or followed by ring opening to the respective aliphatic aldehyde and further oxidation to the respective carboxylic acid; degradation of the pyrrolidine ring to the corresponding primary amine; and hydroxylation of the phenyl ring, most probably in the 4′-position. The authors’ screening procedure for pyrrolidinophenones allowed the detection of PVP metabolites after application of a dose corresponding to a presumed user’s dose. In addition, the involvement of nine different human cytochrome P450 (CYP) isoenzymes in the side chain hydroxylation of PVP was investigated and CYP 2B6, 2C19, 2D6, and 3A4 were found to catalyze this reaction.