1. Dear Drugs-Forum readers: We are a small non-profit that runs one of the most read drug information & addiction help websites in the world. We serve over 4 million readers per month, and have costs like all popular websites: servers, hosting, licenses and software. To protect our independence we do not run ads. We take no government funds. We run on donations which average $25. If everyone reading this would donate $5 then this fund raiser would be done in an hour. If Drugs-Forum is useful to you, take one minute to keep it online another year by donating whatever you can today. Donations are currently not sufficient to pay our bills and keep the site up. Your help is most welcome. Thank you.
    PLEASE HELP

PMMA-stimulus generalization to the optical isomers of MBDB and 3,4-DMA (2001)

PMMA-stimulus generalization to the optical isomers of MBDB and 3,4-DMA (2001)

  1. Jatelka
    Pharmacol Biochem Behav. 2001 May-Jun;69(1-2):261-7.

    Rangisetty JB, Bondarev ML, Chang-Fong J, Young R, Glennon RA (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/...ez.Pubmed.Pubmed_ResultsPanel.Pubmed_RVDocSum)

    Psychoactive phenylisopropylamines can produce one or more of several different stimulus effects in animals. These effects are typified by the hallucinogen 1-(2,5-dimethoxy-4-methylphenyl)-2-aminopropane (DOM), the central stimulant amphetamine, and by N-methyl-1-(4-methoxyphenyl)-2-aminopropane (PMMA), an agent whose actions are not yet well understood. The optical isomers of two phenylisopropylamines known to lack DOM and amphetamine-stimulus character, that is N-methyl-1-(3,4-methylenedioxyphenyl)-2-aminobutane (MBDB) and 1-(3,4-dimethoxyphenyl)-2-aminopropane (3,4-DMA), were examined in rats trained to discriminate 1.25 mg/kg of PMMA from vehicle. The PMMA stimulus (ED(50)=0.4 mg/kg) generalized to all four agents: S(+)-MBDB (ED(50)=0.8 mg/kg), R(-)-MBDB (ED(50)=2.0 mg/kg), S(+)-3,4-DMA (ED(50)=2.6 mg/kg) and R(-)-3,4-DMA (ED(50)=3.9 mg/kg). The results show that these agents produce stimulus effects similar to those produced by PMMA. Both isomers of MBDB have been previously demonstrated to substitute for N-methyl-1-(3,4-methylenedioxyphenyl)-2-aminopropane (MDMA) in rats trained to discriminate MDMA from vehicle, but MBDB-trained animals failed to recognize DOM or amphetamine. Similar results were obtained with the 3,4-DMA optical isomers in the present investigation using rats trained to discriminate MDMA, DOM or (+)-amphetamine from vehicle; both isomers of 3,4-DMA substituted for an MDMA stimulus, but not for a DOM or amphetamine stimulus. Taken together, the evidence suggests that PMMA, S(+)-MBDB, R(-)-MBDB, S(+)-3,4-DMA, R(-)-3,4-DMA, and S(+)-MDMA can produce common stimulus effects in rats. The present findings also better define the PMMA stimulus and the structural requirements necessary to produce this type of stimulus effect.

    Discussion Thread
Tags: