1. Dear Drugs-Forum readers: We are a small non-profit that runs one of the most read drug information & addiction help websites in the world. We serve over 4 million readers per month, and have costs like all popular websites: servers, hosting, licenses and software. To protect our independence we do not run ads. We take no government funds. We run on donations which average $25. If everyone reading this would donate $5 then this fund raiser would be done in an hour. If Drugs-Forum is useful to you, take one minute to keep it online another year by donating whatever you can today. Donations are currently not sufficient to pay our bills and keep the site up. Your help is most welcome. Thank you.

Potentiation of 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine-induced 5-HT release in the rat substantia nigra b

Potentiation of 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine-induced 5-HT release in the rat substantia nigra b

  1. Jatelka
    Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology and Physiology 2007 Oct;34(10):1051-7

    Hewton R (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sites/e...l.Pubmed_DiscoveryPanel.Pubmed_RVAbstractPlus), Salem A (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sites/e...l.Pubmed_DiscoveryPanel.Pubmed_RVAbstractPlus), Irvine RJ (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sites/e...l.Pubmed_DiscoveryPanel.Pubmed_RVAbstractPlus)

    1. It is well established that the commonly used recreational drugs 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA, 'ecstasy') and para-methoxyamphetamine (PMA) facilitate the release and prevent the reuptake of 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT, serotonin). Although these drugs have similar potencies for their abilities to increase the release and inhibit the re-uptake of 5-HT, PMA has greater potency as an inhibitor of monoamine oxidase (MAO)-A. 2. The present study compared the abilities of PMA and MDMA to increase extracellular 5-HT concentrations in animals with functional MAO-A and when MAO-A activity was inhibited by clorgyline. 3. Samples of extracellular fluid from rat substantia nigra were collected using microdialysis and then analysed for 5-HT and 5-hydroxyindol acetic acid (5-HIAA) by high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with electrochemical detection. The 5-HT-mediated effects on body temperature and behaviour were also recorded. Rats were pretreated with saline or 10 mg/kg, i.p., clorgyline and, 24 h later, injected with 10 mg/kg MDMA, PMA or saline. 4. Both MDMA and PMA produced significant increases in extracellular 5-HT concentrations (482 +/- 83 and 726 +/- 287%, respectively; P < 0.05). Rats treated with PMA and MDMA displayed significantly increased 5-HT-related behavours (P < 0.05). Furthermore, only MDMA was capable of producing additional significant increases in 5-HT concentrations (1033 +/- 131%; P < 0.01) when coadministered with clorgyline. 5. The results of the present study suggest that PMA and MDMA are similar in their abilities to increase extracellular 5-HT levels in animals with functional MAO-A activity. However, coadministration of these substituted amphetamines with an MAO-A inhibitor causes significant potentiation in the ability to increase extracellular levels of 5-HT for MDMA, but not PMA.

    Discussion Thread