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Prevention and Control of Infections with Hepatitis Viruses in Correctional Settings

Prevention and Control of Infections with Hepatitis Viruses in Correctional Settings

  1. YIPMAN
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
    Prevention and control of infections with hepatitis viruses in correctional settings.
    MMWR 2003; 52(No. RR-1):[44 pages].

    The MMWR series of publications is published by the Epidemiology Program Office, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Atlanta, GA 30333.

    CONTENTS

    Introduction
    Correctional Populations
    Health Care in the Correctional System
    Risk Factors for Viral Hepatitis Transmission Among Incarcerated Persons
    Epidemiology and Outcome of Infection
    with Hepatitis Viruses
    Preventing and Controlling Viral Hepatitis
    Rationale for Prevention and Control of Viral Hepatitis
    in Correctional Settings
    Rating the Recommendations
    Recommendations for Juvenile Correctional
    Facilities — Hepatitis A Virus Infection
    Recommendations for Juvenile Correctional
    Facilities — Hepatitis B Virus Infection
    Recommendations for Juvenile Correctional
    Facilities — Hepatitis C Virus Infection
    Juvenile Health Education and Release Planning
    Recommendations for Adult Correctional
    Facilities — Hepatitis A Virus Infection
    Recommendations for Adult Correctional
    Facilities — Hepatitis B Virus Infection
    Recommendations for Adult Correctional
    Facilities — Hepatitis C Virus Infection
    Adult Health Education and Release Planning
    Preventing and Controlling Hepatitis Virus Infections
    Among Correctional Staff
    Implementation of Recommendations
    Internet Resources
    Published Resources
    References
    Appendix

    Prepared by Cindy Weinbaum, M.D., Rob Lyerla, Ph.D., Harold S. Margolis, M.D. | Division of Viral Hepatitis | National Center for Infectious Diseases

    Summary

    This report consolidates previous recommendations and adds new ones for preventing and controlling infections with hepatitis
    viruses in correctional settings. These recommendations provide guidelines for juvenile and adult correctional systems regarding 1)
    identification and investigation of acute viral hepatitis; 2) preexposure and postexposure immunization for hepatitis A and
    hepatitis B; 3) prevention of hepatitis C virus infection and its consequences; 4) health education; and 5) release planning.
    Implementation of these recommendations can reduce transmission of infections with hepatitis viruses among adults at risk in both
    correctional facilities and the outside community. These recommendations were developed after consultation with other federal
    agencies and specialists in the fields of corrections, correctional health care, and public health at a meeting in Atlanta, March 5–
    7, 2001. This report can serve as a resource for those involved in planning and implementing health-care programs for incarcerated
    persons.