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Psychopharmacology of Hypnotics (2001)

Psychopharmacology of Hypnotics (2001)

  1. Jatelka
    Bull Clin Psychopharmacol; 2001:124-131

    Bourin and Dhonnchadda

    The following article identifies the appropriate strategies for the prescription of hypnotic drugs. Initially, a clinical evaluation of insomnia is provided which includes definitions of good and poor sleepers and the physiology of sleep. The paper then pro- ceeds to discuss drugs commonly used in the treatment of sleep disorders, benzodiazepines and newer non-benzodi- azepines compounds. The pharmacokinetic properties of these compounds are briefly described, as are effects of age. The review concludes with suggestions for the proper identification of patients requiring chemical treatment for sleep disorders and highlights methodologies for choosing the most beneficial pharmacological tools.