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Spice drugs: cannabinoids as a new designer drugs

Spice drugs: cannabinoids as a new designer drugs

  1. helikophis
    Some smokable herbal mixtures under the brand name Spice drugs
    have been sold on the Internet and in specialised shops (smart shops)
    since 2004. The mixtures are advertised as an exotic incense blend
    which releases a rich aroma and not for human consumption. When
    smoked, Spice drugs products have been reported by some users to have Spice drugs products have been reported by some users to have Spice drugs
    effects similar to those of cannabis. Spice drugs have received intensive Spice drugs have received intensive Spice drugs
    attention in drug forums due to the possibility to obtain a non legal
    substitute of cannabis. Forensic analyses have found different potent
    synthetic cannabinoid agonists in some Spice drugs products, as JWH-Spice drugs products, as JWH-Spice drugs
    018, CP 47497, JWH-073 and HU-210. There are few data about its
    pharmacological properties in animals, but nothing about its toxicity. At
    present, almost nothing is known about the pharmacology, toxicology
    and safety profile of such compounds in humans, except the opinions
    of consumers in internet forums. Neither the herbal ingredients of
    Spice drugs, nor any of the synthetic cannabinoids found in them, are
    internationally controlled under the 1961 or 1971 UN drug control
    conventions. Some European countries have recently taken legal actions
    to ban or otherwise control Spice drugs products and related compounds.
    These cannabinoid substances can be considered as new products to be
    added to the list of “designer drugs”.


    Desde 2004 se venden en Internet y tiendas especializadas (smart shops)
    algunos preparados conteniendo mezclas de hierbas para fumar con la
    marca de Spice drugs. Estos productos se publicitan como una mezcla
    exótica de incienso aromático y se especifica que no son aptos para uso
    humano. Muchos usuarios, tras consumir estos productos fumados,
    refieren que sus efectos son similares a los del cannabis. Los preparados
    Spice drugs se han hecho muy populares en los foros de Internet sobre
    drogas ya que podrían representar la posibilidad de obtener un sustituto
    legal del cannabis. Los análisis forenses de algunos de estos preparados
    encontraron la presencia de agonistas cannabinoides sintéticos muy
    potentes como el JWH-018, CP 47497, JWH-073 y HU-210. Hay muy pocos
    datos sobre sus propiedades farmacológicas en animales y ninguno
    sobre su toxicidad. En la actualidad, no se sabe casi nada sobre su
    farmacología, toxicología y seguridad en humanos, si exceptuamos las
    opiniones de los consumidores en Internet. Ni los ingredientes vegetales,
    ni ninguno de los cannabinoides encontrados se hallan en las listas
    de sustancias controladas de las convenciones de 1961 o 1971 de la
    ONU. Recientemente, algunos países han emprendido acciones legales
    para prohibir o controlar los preparados Spice drugsy similares. Estos
    cannabinoides pueden considerarse nuevas sustancias a añadir a la lista
    de drogas de diseño.