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The Composition of Essential Oil of Artemisia absinthium of Different Geographical Origin

The Composition of Essential Oil of Artemisia absinthium of Different Geographical Origin

  1. Jasim
    Variations in the essential oil composition of Artemisia absinthium L. obtained from
    different geographical areas of Europe were determined using capillary gas chromatographic and mass
    spectrometric analysis methods. The oils from air-dried wormwood were obtained in yields of
    0.1–1.1%. The Absinthii herba grown in Estonia corresponded to the EP standards in the aspect of the
    essential oil contents. A total of 107 components were identified, representing over 85% of the total
    yield of oil. The principal components in the oils were sabinene (0.9–30.1%), myrcene (0.1–38.9%),
    1,8-cineole (0.1–18.0%), artemisia ketone (0–14.9%), linalool and α-thujone (1.1–10.9%), β-thujone
    (0.1–64.6%), trans-epoxyocimene (0.1–59.7%), trans-verbenol (0–11.7%), carvone (0–18.5%),
    (E)-sabinyl acetate (0–70.5%), curcumene (0–7.0%), neryl butyrate (0.1–13.9%), neryl 2-methylbutanoate
    (0.1–9.2%), neryl 3-methylbutanoate (0.4–7.3%), and chamazulene (0–6.6%). Monoterpenes
    were predominant (44.0–67.9%) in the oils from Scotland, Estonia (2000, 2002), Moldova,
    and Hungary. In the other oils studied oxygenated monoterpenes (41.2–93.9%) were found to
    predominate. The highest content of oxygenated sesquiterpenes (11.9–29.8%) was found in the oils
    from Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, and Germany. Armenian oil contained more chamazulene (6.6%) than
    the other samples studied (0–2.1%). Four chemotypes were found to be characteristic of A. absinthium
    growing in Europe: sabinene and myrcene rich oil, α- and β-thujone rich oil, epoxyocimene rich oil,
    and (E)-sabinyl acetate rich oil. Some mixed chemotypes were also found.