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The Impact of Set and Setting on Religious Experience in Nature

The Impact of Set and Setting on Religious Experience in Nature

  1. NeuroChi
    Studied the effects of set and setting on whether persons in a wilderness retreat had religious experiences. After 51 Outward Bound students, age 16-33 yrs, had returned from 3 days in the wilderness, reports were obtained on the following types of religious experience: (a) mystical experience, (b) meaningful experience, and (c) whether persons had been in the state of relating to nature more or less communally. Three set factors were included: trait of general attitude toward nature, state of relating to nature during the experience, and felt stress. One setting factor, location, was also studied. More mystical experiences occurred under the communal setting of low stress. Meaningful experiences occurred more often when set or setting was more communal. More communal states of relating to nature occurred when setting was more communal. (22 ref) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved)