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The Presence of GHB and GBL in Alcoholic and Non-Alcoholic Beverages (2005)

The Presence of GHB and GBL in Alcoholic and Non-Alcoholic Beverages (2005)

  1. Jatelka
    Forensic Science International 2005 Jul 16;151(2-3):289-92

    Elliott S, Burgess V.

    Gamma-hydroxybutyric acid (GHB) and its precursor gamma-butyrolactone (GBL) are regularly implicated in instances of surreptitious drug administration, particularly in beverages (so-called "spiked drinks"). In order to assist in the interpretation of cases where analysis of the actual beverage is required, over 50 beverages purchased in the UK were analysed for the presence of GHB and GBL. It was found that naturally occurring GHB and GBL were detected in those beverages involving the fermentation of white and particularly red grapes. No GHB or GBL was detected in other drinks such as beer, juice, spirits or liqueurs. GHB/GBL was detected in red wine vermouth (8.2 mg/L), sherry (9.7 mg/L), port (GBL), red wine (4.1-21.4 mg/L) and white wine (
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