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Toxic Amines and Alkaloids from Acacia Berlandieri (Clement, et al, 1997)

Toxic Amines and Alkaloids from Acacia Berlandieri (Clement, et al, 1997)

  1. Jatelka
    Phytochemistry, 1997, Vol.46(2), pp.249-254

    Clement, Beverly A. ; Goff, Christina M. ; Forbes, T. David A.

    Description: Consumption of Acacia berlandieri Benth. by domestic livestock during periods of drought may result in a locomotor ataxia, as well as having negative effects on intake and male fertility. Four phenolic amines ( N methyl- β-phenethylamine, tyramine, N-methyltyramine, and hordenine), had previously been extracted from the plant, and N-methyl- β-phenethylamine has been shown to negatively impact fertility in female Angora goats. In order to clarify the possible role of other secondary compounds from Acacia berlandieri on non-lethal toxicities in domestic livestock, leaf samples collected in the spring and autumn were subjected to rigorous chemical analysis. In addition to the four previously detected amines, 29 other alkaloids and amines were isolated and identified by GC-MS, these including nicotine, nornicotine, mescaline, mimosine, and four amphetamines. A significant increase in the number and relative quantities of these compounds was observed in late season foliage.

Recent Reviews

  1. Freedom of Mind
    Freedom of Mind
    Version: 2007-05-25
    Informative article, very nice.