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Drug info - Mushroom Glossary

Discussion in 'Magic Mushrooms (Psilocybe & Amanita)' started by Phungushead, Jun 23, 2015.

  1. Phungushead

    Phungushead Twisted Depiction Staff Member Administrator

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    [​IMG]

    Glossary of Mycological Terms
    Just testing some things out right now, and playing around with formatting and crap.
    Yet another one of my stupid little perpetual work in progresses.
    Basic Mushroom Anatomy
    [​IMG]
    Term Definition Image
    annulus a ring of tissue around the upper part of the stipe of a mushroom, the result of the collapsing of the partial veil [​IMG]
    cap also known as the pileus, the top part of the mushroom which bears the fertile tissue [​IMG]
    cortina a cobweb-like partial veil, which usually disintigrates as the mushroom matures [​IMG]
    false gills gill like in appearance, but not individual, structurally separate units from one another and the pileus and stipe as with true gills, rather they are folds on the underside of the mushroom's surface [​IMG]
    gills see lamellae [​IMG]
    hymenium the fertile, spore-bearing surface of a mushroom. In gilled mushrooms, it is the gills, tubes in mushrooms with pores, the cap surface in morels and similarly shaped mushrooms [​IMG]
    lamellae also known as gills, platelike structures on the underside of the cap of a mushroom [​IMG]
    partial veil a membranous structure that covers the gills in some species during growth [​IMG]
    pileus the cap of a mushroom [​IMG]
    pores tube-like structures found in polypores, with the hymenium on the inside [​IMG]
    ring see annulus [​IMG]
    ring zone an area on the stipe of a mushroom resulting from the deterioration of a partial veil [​IMG]
    stipe the stem of a mushroom [​IMG]
    tubes also known as pores [​IMG]
    universal veil a membrane that initially surrounds the entire immature mushroom, but breaks as it grows [​IMG]
    volva the remnant of the universal veil, a sac-like structure at the base of a mushroom's stem [​IMG]


    Gill Attachment
    Diagram Term Definition Image
    [​IMG] adnate gills which are attached to the stipe for their total width, attachment is typically perpendicular to the stipe [​IMG]
    [​IMG] adnexed gills which taper or curve upwards towards the pileus before attaching to the stipe, and are narrowly attached [​IMG]
    [​IMG] decurrent gills which run down the stipe [​IMG]
    [​IMG] emarginate gills which are notched near the stipe (more pronounced than sinuate) [​IMG]
    [​IMG] free gills which do not directly attach to the stipe [​IMG]
    [​IMG] sinuate gills which have a notch before attaching to the stipe (less than emarginate) [​IMG]
    [​IMG] subdecurrent gills which run down the stem, but only for a short distance [​IMG]


    Gill Spacing
    Diagram Term Definition Image
    [​IMG] crowded gills which are very close, touching, with little space in between [​IMG]
    [​IMG] distant gills which are widely spaced [​IMG]
    [​IMG] subdistant or close intermediate betwen crowded and distant, gills nearly touching but with visible space in between [​IMG]
     

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  2. Phungushead

    Phungushead Twisted Depiction Staff Member Administrator

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    Pileus Shape


    Column 1 Column 2 Column 3 Column 4
    Diagram ​
    Term ​
    Definition ​
    Image​
    {colsp=4}
    [​IMG] campanulate bell shaped, rounded top with straight sides [​IMG]
    [​IMG] conical triangular in profile [​IMG]
    [​IMG] convex a pileus that is regularly, outwardly rounded or broadly obtuse [​IMG]
    [​IMG] depressed a pileus where the central portion is lower than the margin [​IMG]
    [​IMG] hemispherical (also called ovate or ovoid) rounded, resembling half a sphere or egg [​IMG]
    [​IMG] infundibuliform funnel-shaped [​IMG]
    [​IMG] plane flat [​IMG]
    [​IMG] umbilicate or omphaloid having a central depression [​IMG]
    [​IMG] umbonate having a raised knob in the center [​IMG]
     

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    Last edited by a moderator: Sep 10, 2017
  3. Phungushead

    Phungushead Twisted Depiction Staff Member Administrator

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    Pileus Structure/Texture


    Column 1 Column 2 Column 3
    Term ​
    Definition ​
    Image​
    {colsp=3}
    alveolate surface covered in broad pits or depressions [​IMG]
    appendiculate describes pileus margin when hung with veil fragments [​IMG]
    areolate pileus surface cracked into blocks resembling dried mud [​IMG]
    cellular cuticle of pileus which is made up of spherical cells [​IMG]
    fibrillose pileus (or stem) surface with thin thread-like filaments which are parallel, or nearly so [​IMG]
    fibrose made up of tough, stringy material [​IMG]
    filamentous cuticle of pileus composed of elongate hyphae [​IMG]
    floccose covered in loose, cotton-like scales [​IMG]
    glutinous surface covered with a slimy layer of gelatinous hyphae [​IMG]
    granulose covered with small granules [​IMG]
    patches remnants of universal veil tissue left on cap after it has matured [​IMG]
    squamose covered in scales [​IMG]
    squamulose covered in very small scales [​IMG]
    warts remants of universal veil tissue left on cap after it has matured (similar to patches, only there are usually more of them, and they are usually smaller) [​IMG]
     

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    Last edited by a moderator: Sep 10, 2017
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