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Drug info - Mushroom Glossary

Discussion in 'Magic Mushrooms (Psilocybe & Amanita)' started by Phungushead, Jun 23, 2015.

  1. Phungushead

    Phungushead Twisted Depiction Staff Member

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    [​IMG]

    Glossary of Mycological Terms
    Just testing some things out right now, and playing around with formatting and crap.
    Yet another one of my stupid little perpetual work in progresses.


    Basic Mushroom Anatomy

    [IMGR="white"]https://drugs-forum.com/forum/attachment.php?attachmentid=44801&stc=1&d=1435108631[/IMGR] {colsp=3} annulus | a ring of tissue around the upper part of the stipe of a mushroom, the result of the collapsing of the partial veil | [​IMG]cap | also known as the pileus, the top part of the mushroom which bears the fertile tissue | [​IMG]cortina | a cobweb-like partial veil, which usually disintigrates as the mushroom matures | [​IMG]false gills | gill like in appearance, but not individual, structurally separate units from one another and the pileus and stipe as with true gills, rather they are folds on the underside of the mushroom's surface | [​IMG]gills | see lamellae | [​IMG]hymenium | the fertile, spore-bearing surface of a mushroom. In gilled mushrooms, it is the gills, tubes in mushrooms with pores, the cap surface in morels and similarly shaped mushrooms | [​IMG]lamellae | also known as gills, platelike structures on the underside of the cap of a mushroom | [​IMG]partial veil | a membranous structure that covers the gills in some species during growth | [​IMG]pileus | the cap of a mushroom | [​IMG]pores | tube-like structures found in polypores, with the hymenium on the inside | [​IMG]ring | see annulus | [​IMG]ring zone | an area on the stipe of a mushroom resulting from the deterioration of a partial veil | [​IMG]stipe | the stem of a mushroom | [​IMG]tubes | also known as pores | [​IMG]universal veil | a membrane that initially surrounds the entire immature mushroom, but breaks as it grows | [​IMG]volva | the remnant of the universal veil, a sac-like structure at the base of a mushroom's stem | [​IMG]


    Gill Attachment

    {colsp=4} [​IMG] | adnate | gills which are attached to the stipe for their total width, attachment is typically perpendicular to the stipe | [​IMG][​IMG] | adnexed | gills which taper or curve upwards towards the pileus before attaching to the stipe, and are narrowly attached | [​IMG][​IMG] | decurrent | gills which run down the stipe | [​IMG][​IMG] | emarginate | gills which are notched near the stipe (more pronounced than sinuate) | [​IMG][​IMG] | free | gills which do not directly attach to the stipe | [​IMG][​IMG] | sinuate | gills which have a notch before attaching to the stipe (less than emarginate) | [​IMG][​IMG] | subdecurrent | gills which run down the stem, but only for a short distance | [​IMG]


    Gill Spacing

    {colsp=4} [​IMG] | crowded | gills which are very close, touching, with little space in between | [​IMG][​IMG] | distant | gills which are widely spaced | [​IMG][​IMG] | subdistant or close | intermediate betwen crowded and distant, gills nearly touching but with visible space in between | [​IMG]
     

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    Last edited: Jun 24, 2015
  2. Phungushead

    Phungushead Twisted Depiction Staff Member

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    Pileus Shape


    {colsp=4} [​IMG] | campanulate | bell shaped, rounded top with straight sides | [​IMG][​IMG] | conical | triangular in profile | [​IMG][​IMG] | convex | a pileus that is regularly, outwardly rounded or broadly obtuse | [​IMG][​IMG] | depressed | a pileus where the central portion is lower than the margin | [​IMG][​IMG] | hemispherical (also called ovate or ovoid) | rounded, resembling half a sphere or egg | [​IMG][​IMG] | infundibuliform | funnel-shaped | [​IMG][​IMG] | plane | flat | [​IMG][​IMG] | umbilicate or omphaloid | having a central depression | [​IMG][​IMG] | umbonate | having a raised knob in the center | [​IMG]
     

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  3. Phungushead

    Phungushead Twisted Depiction Staff Member

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    Pileus Structure/Texture


    {colsp=3} alveolate | surface covered in broad pits or depressions | [​IMG]appendiculate | describes pileus margin when hung with veil fragments | [​IMG]areolate | pileus surface cracked into blocks resembling dried mud | [​IMG]cellular | cuticle of pileus which is made up of spherical cells | [​IMG]fibrillose | pileus (or stem) surface with thin thread-like filaments which are parallel, or nearly so | [​IMG]fibrose | made up of tough, stringy material | [​IMG]filamentous | cuticle of pileus composed of elongate hyphae | [​IMG]floccose | covered in loose, cotton-like scales | [​IMG]glutinous | surface covered with a slimy layer of gelatinous hyphae | [​IMG]granulose | covered with small granules | [​IMG]patches | remnants of universal veil tissue left on cap after it has matured | [​IMG]squamose | covered in scales | [​IMG]squamulose | covered in very small scales | [​IMG]warts | remants of universal veil tissue left on cap after it has matured (similar to patches, only there are usually more of them, and they are usually smaller) | [​IMG]
     

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