u.s. propaganda

Discussion in 'Drug Policy Reform & Narco Politics' started by Pinkavvy, May 1, 2005.

  1. Pinkavvy

    Pinkavvy Platinum Member & Advisor

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  2. joetaco

    joetaco Newbie

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    Link doesn't work..
     
  3. Sitbcknchill

    Sitbcknchill Retired Platinum Member & Advisor Donating Member

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    It would if you took the time to copy it into a new window...People don't like to link to government websites. Heres the content anyway...


    Marijuana: The Myths Are Killing Us
    By Karen P. Tandy, Administrator, U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration, Washington, D.C., and Chair, IACP Narcotics and Dangerous Drugs Committee

    APR 26--When 14-year-old Irma Perez of Belmont, California, took a single ecstasy pill one evening last April, she had no idea she would become one of the 26,000 people who die every year from drugs.1 Irma took ecstasy with two of her 14-year-old friends in her home. Soon after taking the tiny blue pill, Irma complained of feeling awful and said she felt like she was "going to die." Instead of seeking medical care, her friends called the 17-year-old dealer who supplied the pills and asked for advice. The friends tried to get Irma to smoke marijuana, but when she couldn't because she was vomiting and lapsing into a coma, they stuffed marijuana leaves into her mouth because, according to news sources, "they knew that drug is sometimes used to treat cancer patients."2

    Irma Perez died from taking ecstasy, but compounding that tragedy was the deadly decision to use marijuana to "treat" her instead of making what could have been a lifesaving call to 911. Irma was a victim of our society's stunning misinformation about marijuana-a society that has come to believe that marijuana use is not only an individual's free choice but also is good medicine, a cure-all for a variety of ills. A recent poll showed that nearly three-fourths of Americans over the age of 45 support legalizing marijuana for medical use.3

    It's a belief that has filtered down to many of our teens, if what I'm hearing during my visits with middle school and high school students across the country is true. I'm amazed at how well versed in drug legalization these teens are. It is as if legalization advocates stood outside their schools handing out their leaflets of lies. Here is what students have told me about marijuana: "It's natural because it grows in the ground, so it must be good for you." "It must be medicine, because it makes me feel better." "Since everybody says it's medicine, it is."

    Legalization advocates themselves have alluded to the fact that so-called medical marijuana is a way of achieving wholesale drug legalization. A few years ago, the New York Times interviewed Ethan Nadelmann, director of the Lindesmith Center, a drug policy research center. Responding to criticism that the so-called medical marijuana issue is a stalking horse for drug legalization, Mr. Nadelmann did not disagree. "Will it help lead toward marijuana legalization?" he asked. "I hope so."4

    The issue of marijuana as medicine has captured the nation's attention and has now made its way to the U. S. Supreme Court, with Ashcroft v. Raich still pending.5 The natural extension of this myth is that, if marijuana is medicine, it must also be safe for recreational use. This pervasive mindset has even reached our courts. In January 2005, for example, Governor Frank Murkowski of Alaska had to ask the legislature "to overrule a court ruling that adult Alaskans have the right to possess marijuana for personal use in their homes."6 There was no pretense of medical use in this ruling; it gave Alaskans the legal right to smoke marijuana for any reason, lending credence to the belief that marijuana is not only safe to treat serious illness but somehow safe for general use and for all society.

    What is the antidote? Spreading the truth. As a prominent spokesperson in your community, you have the opportunity and, I would argue, the responsibility to inform your neighbors. America is not suffering from anything that the truth can't cure. To help you set the record straight, this article seeks to rebut the rhetoric and recap the reality.

    Myth: Marijuana is medicine.

    Reality: Smoked marijuana is not medicine.
    The scientific and medical communities have determined that smoked marijuana is a health danger, not a cure. There is no medical evidence that smoking marijuana helps patients. In fact, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved no medications that are smoked, primarily because smoking is a poor way to deliver medicine. Morphine, for example has proven to be a medically valuable drug, but the FDA does not endorse smoking opium or heroin.

    Congress enacted laws against marijuana in 1970 based in part on its conclusion that marijuana has no scientifically proven medical value, which the U.S. Supreme Court affirmed more than 30 years later in United States v. Oakland Cannabis Buyers' Cooperative, et al., 532 U.S. 483 (2001). Marijuana remains in schedule 1 of the Controlled Substances Act because it has a high potential for abuse, a lack of accepted safety for use under medical supervision, and no currently accepted medical value.7

    The American Medical Association has rejected pleas to endorse marijuana as medicine, and instead urged that marijuana remain a prohibited schedule 1 drug at least until the results of controlled studies are in.8 The National Multiple Sclerosis Society stated that studies done to date "have not provided convincing evidence that marijuana benefits people with MS" and does not recommend it as a treatment.9 Further, the MS Society states that for people with MS "long-term use of marijuana may be associated with significant serious side effects."10

    The British Medical Association has taken a similar position, voicing "extreme concern" that downgrading the criminal status of marijuana would "mislead" the public into thinking that the drug is safe to use when, "in fact, it has been linked to greater risk of heart disease, lung cancer, bronchitis, and emphysema."11

    In 1999 the Institute of Medicine (IOM) undertook a landmark study reviewing the alleged medical properties of marijuana. Advocates of so-called medical marijuana frequently tout this study, but the study's findings decisively undercut their arguments. In truth, the IOM explicitly found that marijuana is not medicine and expressed concern about patients' smoking it because smoking is a harmful drug-delivery system. The IOM further found that there was no scientific evidence that smoked marijuana had medical value, even for the chronically ill, and concluded that "there is little future in smoked marijuana as a medically approved medication."12 In fact, the researchers who conducted the study could find no medical value to marijuana for virtually any ailment they examined, including the treatment of wasting syndrome in AIDS patients, movement disorders such as Parkinson's disease and epilepsy, or glaucoma.

    The IOM found that THC13 (the primary psychoactive ingredient in marijuana) in smoked marijuana provides only temporary relief from intraocular pressure (IOP) associated with glaucoma and would have to be smoked eight to 10 times a day to achieve consistent results. And there exists another treatment for IOP, as the availability of medically approved once- or twice-a-day eye drops makes IOP control a reality for many patients and provides round-the-clock IOP reduction.14 For two other conditions, nausea and pain, the report recommended against marijuana use, while suggesting further research in limited circumstances for THC but not smoked marijuana.15

    Before any drug can be marketed in the United States, it must undergo rigorous scientific scrutiny and clinical evaluation overseen by the FDA. For example, the FDA has approved Marinol (dronabinol)-a safe capsule form of synthetic THC that meets the standard of accepted medicine and has the same properties as cultivated marijuana without the high- for the treatment of nausea and vomiting associated with cancer chemotherapy and for the treatment of wasting syndrome in AIDS patients.

    The federal government has approved and continues to approve research into the possible use of marijuana as medicine and any new delivery systems of marijuana's active ingredients. To quote U.S. Supreme Court Justice Stephen Breyer's remarks during the November 2004 Raich oral argument, "Medicine by regulation is better than medicine by referendum."16 Proving that the regulatory process does work, DEA has registered every researcher who meets FDA standards to use marijuana in scientific studies. Since 2000, for example, the California-based Center for Medicinal Cannabis Research (CMCR) has gained approval for 14 trials using smoked marijuana in human beings and three trials in laboratory and animal models.17 This CMCR research is the first effort to study the medical efficacy of marijuana. But researchers have not endorsed smoking marijuana and instead are attempting to isolate marijuana's active ingredients to develop alternative delivery systems to smoking.18 Not one of these researchers has found scientific proof that smoke marijuana is medicine.

    Myth: Legalization of marijuana in other countries has been a success.

    Reality: Liberalization of drug laws in other countries has often resulted in higher use of dangerous drugs. Over the past decade, drug policy in some foreign countries, particularly those in Europe, has gone through some dramatic changes toward greater liberalization with failed results. Consider the experience of the Netherlands, where the government reconsidered its legalization measures in light of that country's experience. After marijuana use became legal, consumption nearly tripled among 18- to 20-year-olds. As awareness of the harm of marijuana grew, the number of cannabis coffeehouses in the Netherlands decreased 36 percent in six years. Almost all Dutch towns have a cannabis policy, and 73 percent of them have a no-tolerance policy toward the coffeehouses.20

    In 1987 Swiss officials permitted drug use and sales in a Zurich park, which was soon dubbed Needle Park, and Switzerland became a magnet for drug users the world over. Within five years, the number of regular drug users at the park had reportedly swelled from a few hundred to 20,000. The area around the park became crime-ridden to the point that the park had to be shut down and the experiment terminated.21

    Marijuana use by Canadian teenagers is at a 25-year peak in the wake of an aggressive decriminalization movement. At the very time a decriminalization bill was before the House of Commons, the Canadian government released a report showing that marijuana smoking among teens is "at levels that we haven't seen since the late '70s when rates reached their peak."22 After a large decline in the 1980s, marijuana use among teens increased during the 1990s, as young people apparently became "confused about the state of federal pot laws."23

    Myth: Marijuana is harmless.

    Reality: Marijuana is dangerous to the user.
    Use of marijuana has adverse health, safety, social, academic, economic, and behavioral consequences; and children are the most vulnerable to its damaging effects. Marijuana is the most widely used illicit drug in America24 and is readily available to kids.25 Compounding the problem is that the marijuana of today is not the marijuana of the baby boomers 30 years ago. Average THC levels rose from less than 1 percent in the mid-1970s to more than 8 percent in 2004.26 And the potency of B.C. Bud,a popular type of marijuana cultivated in British Columbia, Canada, is roughly twice the national average-ranging from 15 percent THC content to 20 percent or even higher.27

    Marijuana use can lead to dependence and abuse. Marijuana was the second most common illicit drug responsible for drug treatment admissions in 2002-outdistancing crack cocaine, the next most prevalent cause.28 Shocking to many is that more teens are in treatment each year for marijuana dependence than for alcohol and all other illegal drugs combined.29 This is a trend that has been increasing for more than a decade: in 2002, 64 percent of adolescent treatment admissions reported marijuana as their primary substance of abuse, compared to 23 percent in 1992.30

    Marijuana is a gateway drug. In drug law enforcement, rarely do we meet heroin or cocaine addicts who did not start their drug use with marijuana. Scientific studies bear out our anecdotal findings. For example, the Journal of the American Medical Association reported, based on a study of 300 sets of twins, that marijuana-using twins were four times more likely than their siblings to use cocaine and crack cocaine, and five times more likely to use hallucinogens such as LSD.31 Furthermore, the younger a person is when he or she first uses marijuana, the more likely that person is to use cocaine and heroin and become drug-dependent as an adult. One study found that 62 percent of the adults who first tried marijuana before they were 15 were likely to go on to use cocaine. In contrast, only 1 percent or less of adults who never tried marijuana used heroin or cocaine.32

    Smoking marijuana can cause significant health problems. Marijuana contains more than 400 chemicals, of which 60 are cannabinoids.33 Smoking a marijuana cigarette deposits about three to five times more tar into the lungs than one filtered tobacco cigarette.34 Consequently, regular marijuana smokers suffer from many of the same health problems as tobacco smokers, such as chronic coughing and wheezing, chest colds, and chronic bronchitis.35 In fact, studies show that smoking three to four joints per day causes at least as much harm to the respiratory system as smoking a full pack of cigarettes every day.36 Marijuana smoke also contains 50 to 70 percent more carcinogenic hydrocarbons than tobacco smoke and produces high levels of an enzyme that converts certain hydrocarbons into malignant cells.37

    In addition, smoking marijuana can lead to increased anxiety, panic attacks, depression, social withdrawal, and other mental health problems, particularly for teens.38 Research shows that kids aged 12 to 17 who smoke marijuana weekly are three times more likely than nonusers to have suicidal thoughts.39 Marijuana use also can cause cognitive impairment, to include such short-term effects as distorted perception, memory loss, and trouble with thinking and problem solving. Students with an average grade of D or below were found to be more than four times as likely to have used marijuana in the past year as youths who reported an average grade of A.40 For young people, whose brains are still developing, these effects are particularly problematic and jeopardize their ability to achieve their full potential.41

    Myth: Smoking marijuana harms only the smokers.

    Reality: Marijuana use harms nonusers.
    We need to put to rest the thought that there is such a thing as a lone drug user, a person whose habits affect only himself or herself. Drug use, including marijuana use, is not a victimless crime. Some in your communities may resist involvement because they think someone else's drug use is not hurting them. But this kind of not-my-problem thinking is tragically misguided. Ask those same people about secondhand smoke from cigarettes, and they'll quickly acknowledge the harm that befalls nonsmokers. Secondhand smoke is a well-known problem, one that Americans are becoming more unwilling to bear. We need to apply the same common-sense thinking to the even more pernicious secondhand effects of drug use.

    Take for instance the disastrous effects of marijuana smoking on driving. As the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) noted, "Epidemiology data from . . . traffic arrests and fatalities indicate that after alcohol, marijuana is the most frequently detected psychoactive substance among driving populations."42 Marijuana causes drivers to experience decreased car handling performance, increased reaction times, distorted time and distance estimation, sleepiness, impaired motor skills, and lack of concentration.43

    The extent of the problem of marijuana-impaired driving is startling. One in six (or 600,000) high school students drive under the influence of marijuana, almost as many as drive under the influence of alcohol, according to estimates released in September 2003 by the Office of National Drug Control Policy (ONDCP).44 A study of motorists pulled over for reckless driving showed that, among those who were not impaired by alcohol, 45 percent tested positive for marijuana.45

    For those of you who patrol streets and highways, you know that the consequences of marijuana-impaired driving can be tragic. For example, four children and their van driver-nicknamed Smokey by the children for his regular marijuana smoking-died in April 2002 when a Tippy Toes Learning Academy van veered off a freeway and hit a concrete bridge abutment. He was found at the crash scene with marijuana in his pocket.46

    Some such drug-impaired drivers will be detected through the Drug Recognition Expert program, which operates under the direction of the IACP and is supported by NHTSA.47 However, if we are to bolster cases against drugged drivers, greater protection for innocents on the road requires the development of affordable roadside drug detection tests, and some are in the testing phase now.

    Secondhand smoke from marijuana kills other innocents as well. Last year, two Philadelphia firefighters were killed when they responded to a residential fire stemming from an indoor marijuana grow.48 In New York City, an eight-year-old boy, Deasean Hill, was killed by a stray bullet just steps from his Brooklyn home after a drug dealer sold a dime bag of marijuana on another dealer's turf.49

    Chief: Help Spread the Truth about Marijuana
    Debunking these myths and arming our young people and their parents with the facts do work. We have proof. It came in the form of good news from the Monitoring the Future survey that reveals that marijuana use has dropped 36 percent among eighth graders since 1996, and modestly declined among 10th and 12th graders.50 It is no coincidence that while marijuana use declined, the proportion of students perceiving marijuana use as dangerous increased.51 "Quite possibly, the media campaign aimed at marijuana use that has been undertaken by ONDCP, in collaboration with the Partnership for a Drug Free America, has been having its intended effect," University of Michigan researcher Lloyd Johnston, the study's principal investigator, said.52 Research also shows that parental disapproval can prevent teen drug use. Most young people (89 percent) reported that their parents strongly disapprove of their trying marijuana. Among these youths, only 5 percent had used marijuana in the past month.53

    Spread the truth. Join with your community leaders. Clear the smokescreen by educating the children, parents, teachers, physicians, and legislators in your community before the myths kill any more Irma Perezes or Deasean Hills.
     
    1. 4/5,
      good analysis and posted information
      Dec 11, 2011
  4. Creeping Death

    Creeping Death Iridium Member

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    How can they get away with that? Isn't it techniclly illegal to spread misinformation?
     
  5. sands of time

    sands of time Gold Member

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    This is typical government propoganda. They just take bits and peices that support they're view, and give it some good wording. I found this interesting though...

    "Reality: Smoked marijuana is not medicine.
    The scientific and medical communities have determined that smoked marijuana is a health danger, not a cure. There is no medical evidence that smoking marijuana helps patients."

    Why hasn't this been cited in this article??? For all we know, they could have just made this up. Whoever writes this stuff needs to realize that they can't get away with stuff like this.

    Also... If so many people support the legalization of medicinal marijuana, than why hasn't it been allowed? If it's the will of the people, than a minority of people should not be allowed to stop them. It's sick when you think about it, we are out of touch with the values that this country was founded upon.Edited by: sands of time
     
  6. Hyperreal

    Hyperreal Gold Member

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    They do specify 'smoked' marijuana, though. I suppose what they're getting at is that if marijuana is to be used as a medicine, it should be taken orally. Edited by: Hyperreal
     
  7. Richard_smoker

    Richard_smoker Gold Member

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    I don't even know what to say about this shit. I got into reading the article, scrolling downward, and after a while, I had forgotten what website I was in, and for a few minutes, I felt just like I was in the black and white 1940's-'50's, reading some kind of crazy NON-logical right-wing crazy religious nut shit. Like the weird, scripted moral assumptions and broad-sweeping propaganda that Wally and Beaver Cleaver or whoever they were would pretend to espouse ("Golly-Jeesh, Wally!") and portray for all the good Americans and their stupid-ass Honkey American Culture.

    "This is Good. This is Bad." Why?--uh, shut the fuck up--uh, hey get that kid out of here... "yes, as I was saying. This is Good. This is Bad."

    (btw, it's ok for me to say 'honkey' because i was born one.)
     
  8. Mr. Giraffe

    Mr. Giraffe Palladium Member

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    I notice how they cunningly avoid any mention of DEA Judge Young's findings.

    Lies and ommissions, and no real sense of surprise. So long as they keep lying to the kids, they'll keep hearing the kids' "lies" about marijuana.
     
  9. klaatu

    klaatu Gold Member

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    Those in the anti-drug camp will welcome (mis?)information such as this and will use it to further their cause. However, intelligent, un-biased people will read this and see through such one-sided propaganda. Most people will see it for what it is - prejudiced dogma.

    So, on balance, I would say that articles such as this don't make a great deal of difference either way.

    Klaatu
     
  10. psyche

    psyche Palladium Member

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    Long way have we come from the days in the 1930s when gov told it's more deadly and addicting than heroin and it'll kill you, or make you kill others. I don't mean this is by any means accurate or proper information. Horrible text to read, makes me really mad. The fact that the people are believing this shit. Thanks the Internet, I think proper information about this matter has spread really fast. I would even dare to believe, it's just the matter of time when marihuana will be legalised at least as medicine. Yea, I know, that's really optimistic.

    AFAIK the rate of cannabis using has gone slightly down after a little increase. Insted of mentioning that they stick to the 18-20 years olds' increase on consumption. That's awfully narrow range of people, 18-20. I have no idea where they concluded that the decrease of the coffeeshops was due to the harms of marihuana. It could've been even because of the decrease of the users, but just a idea, dunno.

    It's interesting to look how gov's propaganda has advanced through century. First, cannabis was total no-no. It'll kill you and you get addicted. They(gov) didn't even do any scientific research before the 50's. The LaGuardia commision, ordered by New Yorks mayor, found cannabis myths redicilous and nothing wrong with it. Next the gov told you will go insane, as people started to realize it won't kill you. Good example is Reefer Madness.

    In fifties they conducted some studies and when they couldn't point out anything wrong, they come up with the theory it'll lead you to heroin. They used the fact that most of the users of heroin has started from MJ. They didn't wan't to put it in the way that 10%(not sure) moved on from MJ to harder drugs.
    As 60's and hippies became, the government came up with the scary name, Amotivational syndrome. Later on they told it could cause something, and since they aren't enough studies done, especially on long-term effects, it's not safe to experiment with it.

    The Hearst's infamous rhesus-monkey study was unbelievable. Can't imagine they still use it sometimes. The monkeys were suffocated for 5-10 minutes with many times more cannabis than it was reported. They used about 63 Columbian strength's worth of THC. They had to be sued under the law of freedom of information to get the methodology of study. What they found was really shocking, but no big gossip followed.
     
    1. 3/5,
      interesting historical references
      Mar 17, 2006
  11. glueman

    glueman Newbie

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    "..the FDA has approved Marinol (dronabinol)-a safe capsule form of synthetic THC.."

    Haha, i guess it's o.k.. if a pharmeseutical company's making money off synthesizing and marketing it. if its good for the economy, its good for you amerika.
     
  12. Forthesevenlakes

    Forthesevenlakes Platinum Member

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    seems like the DEA propaganda machine hasnt learned any new tricks since the 1950's videos where they show hapless teens progressing from marijuana to heroin in a matter of weeks, and ending up in rehab after their significant other (invariably a dealer), gets busted. I know very little about the difference between marinol and smoked marijuana, but from anectdotal evidence and some research has come to the understanding that Marinol is much less effective in pain control than the plant itself. any credence to this?
     
  13. StigmataLectron

    StigmataLectron Silver Member

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    Yeah, there's a difference. The REAL stuff contains other active cannabinoids that have other medicinal uses. IIRC, CBD or CBN is an antihistimine.. I can't find the sources though, might want to check that out.
     
  14. Motorhead

    Motorhead Platinum Member & Advisor

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    Legalization advocates themselves have alluded to the fact that so-called medical marijuana is a way of achieving wholesale drug legalization. A few years ago, the New York Times interviewed Ethan Nadelmann, director of the Lindesmith Center, a drug policy research center. Responding to criticism that the so-called medical marijuana issue is a stalking horse for drug legalization, Mr. Nadelmann did not disagree. "Will it help lead toward marijuana legalization?" he asked. "I hope so."4

    Marijuana is indeed a 3 headed beast. 1)medicinal value 2)economic value-through hemp 3)recreational value.

    The very fact that it is a plant, easily grown indoors and out, makes it so that you cant have one aspect without the other two. Simply put if marijauna was readily available as medicine in every state, and hemp products were given an economic infrastructure and markets then indeed it would be impossible to regulate the recreational aspect of weed. The costs associated with policing it, incarcerating people, and court costs would balloon so high they would have no choice but to legalize it. That is why they keep demonizing it as medicine and an economic boon. That is why marijuana advocates support medical weed and hemp. It will take the whole package to become legal and accepted.
    The history of US propoganda against marijuana is indeed long and interesting. Interesting in the fact that the US govt has always been currupt and ignorant. I am working on an article about medical marijuana history for the forum. Psyches post has many interesting points that I am going to elaborate on, and there are other questions here as well that i have answers for. It'll all be in there. Did you know that the Mormoms and Timothy Leary are bit players in Medical Marijuana history?mmmmmm...more to come. cheers
     
  15. bonghed

    bonghed Newbie

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    If the government hates people smoking so much they could buy medical patients (or everyone) a volcanoe.