Famous Drug Users

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Salvador Dali (1904-1989) - A Spanish Artist known for creating weird and surreal images. Dali's personality was as eccentric as his art. He starred in a documentary on magic mushrooms called 'Impressions de la Haute Mongolie'. Dali's art is often described as surrealist which as a concept is interestingly similar to psychedelic.

"I don't take drugs, I am drugs."

"Everyone should use Hashish. But only once."

"Take me, I am the drug; take me, I am hallucinogenic"


Pictured: Slavador Dali's "The Persistence of Memory".

Picasso (1881-1973) - Spanish Artist and Sculptor

Quote(s) about Picasso:
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"Opium, henbane, hashish, morphine, ether: all were ubiquitous in Picasso's circle, and freely available at the local chemists or private furniers around Paris. That the artist was stoned when he painted the 'Family of saltimbanques,' and pictures like it, goes a long way towards explaining the lack of tension, the dulled eyes, the emotional isolation of individual figures and the dreamy mood of the Rose period." [1]

Pictured: Picasso's 'Family of saltimbanques'

Robert Mapplethorpe (1946-1989) - American Artist and Photographer

One of Mapplethorpe's pivotal LSD trips described by Patti Smith (they were lovers in the late 60s, before Maplethorpe came to realize he was homosexual, and remained extremely close as friends and artists until his death from AIDS in 1989):

"He looked down at the piece of paper on his table. He could see the work there, though it was not yet drawn. He crouched down again and worked confidently in the last rays of afternoon light. He completed two drawings, spidery and amorphous. He wrote the words he had seen and felt the gravity of what he had written: Destruction of the universe. May 30 ’67... He wasn’t certain whether he was a good or bad person. Whether he was altruistic. Whether he was demonic. But he was certain of one thing. He was an artist. And for that he would never apologize. He leaned against a wall and smoked a cigarette. He felt swathed in clarity, a little shaken, but he knew it was merely physical. There was another sensation brewing he had no name for. He felt in control. He would no longer be a slave."[2]

Athletes and sports figures

Nick Diaz (b 1983) - American Mixed Martial Artist

When asked whether using Cannabis got in the way of his fighting career:
“Actually, on the contrary, my fight career has gotten in the way of my marijuana smoking.”

Michael Phelps (b 1985) [​IMG]- American Swimmer

"I engaged in behavior which was regrettable and demonstrated bad judgment. I'm 23 years old and despite the successes I've had in the pool, I acted in a youthful and inappropriate way, not in a manner people have come to expect from me. For this, I am sorry. I promise my fans and the public it will not happen again."

Pictured: Infamous photo of Michael Phelps smoking cannabis with a bong.

Counter-culture figures

Ken Kesey (1935-2001) - American Author, most notably of One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest
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"I believe that with the advent of acid, we discovered a new way to think, and it has to do with piecing together new thoughts in your mind. Why is it that people think it's so evil? What is it about it that scares people so deeply, even the guy that invented it, what is it? Because they're afraid that there's more to reality than they have ever confronted. That there are doors that they're afraid to go in, and they don't want us to go in there either, because if we go in we might learn something that they don't know. And that makes us a little out of their control."

"I got high on psychedelics before I was ever drunk. I never smoked. Then LSD came by. And to me it was the most wonderful thing that had ever happened... And, of course, the best drugs ever were manufactured by the government."

"LSD lets you in on something. When you're tripping, the idea of race disappears; the idea of sex disappears; you don't even know what species you are sometimes. And I don't know of anybody who hasn't come back from that being more humane, more thoughtful, more understanding."

Pictured: Ken Kesey and the school bus he and his friends redesigned and toured America in. The nickname of 'Further' can be seen inscribed at the top of the bus.

Tim Leary (1920-1996)[​IMG]- American Harvard Psychologist who became an important counter-culture figure. Known for popularizing the catchphrases "Think for yourself and question authority" and "Turn on, tune in, drop out"

"Don't take LSD unless you are very well prepared, unless you are specifically prepared to go out of your mind. Don't take it unless you have someone that's very experienced with you to guide you through it. And don't take it unless you are ready to have your perspective on yourself and your life radically changed, because you're gonna be a different person, and you should be ready to face this possibility."

"I am 100 percent in favor of the intelligent use of drugs, and 1,000 percent against the thoughtless use of them, whether caffeine or LSD."

"A psychedelic experience is a journey to new realms of consciousness. the scope and content of the experience is limitless, but its characteristic features are the transcendence of verbal concepts, of space-time dimensions, and of the ego or identity ... the drug does not produce the transcendent experience. It merely acts as a chemical key - it opens the mind, frees the nervous system of its ordinary patterns and structures."

Pictured: Psychedelic artwork featuring Leary and counter-culture themes.

Richard Alpert (Also called Ram Dass) (b 1931) - Psychologist

The very first faculty member ever fired by Harvard University in the twentieth century, Alpert lost his faculty position in 1963 for breaking an agreement not to give undergraduate students LSD. He said about his dismissal, “Some day it will be quite humorous that a professor was fired for supplying a student with ’the most profound educational experience in my life.’ That’s what he told the Dean it was.”

Entrepreneurs/business people

Richard Branson (b 1950)[​IMG] - English Business magnate, founder of Virgin Group

"I personally think it [Cannabis] should be legalised. I think it's wrong that 100,000 young people have criminal records every year for doing something which is no worse than their parents are doing every night - drinking alcohol"


Pictured: Richard Branson indicating his support for medical marijuana policy.

Steve Jobs (1955-2011) - American entrepreneur and inventor, Co-founder and CEO of Apple Inc.
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"Taking LSD was a profound experience, one of the most important things in my life. LSD shows you that there's another side to the coin, and you can't remember it when it wears off, but you know it. It reinforced my sense of what was important - creating great things instead of making money, putting things back into the stream of history and of human consciousness as much as I could."

Jobs talking about Bill Gates:

"He'd be a broader guy if he had dropped acid once."

Pictured: Steve Jobs presenting the iPhone


Anita Roddick (1942-2007) [​IMG]- British Businesswoman, founder of The Body Shop, enviromentalist, human rights campaigner.

"The current policies on cannabis make no sense. Our government needs to spend less time trying to regulate individual behaviour and more time trying to guide institutions into responsible behaviour. Decriminaliation will help"

Speaking about cannabis:

"I had a few whiffs, got a bit giggly and quite enjoyed it"

Pictured: Anita Roddick

Journalists

Lester Bangs (1948-1982) - rock critic and writer

“As is well known, it was the Germans who invented methamphetamine, which of all accessible tools has brought human beings within the closest twitch of machinehood, and without methamphetamine we would never have had such high plasma marks of the counterculture as Lenny Bruce, Bob Dylan, Lou Reed and the Velvet Underground, Neal Cassady, Jack Kerouac, Allen Ginsberg's "Howl," Blue Cheer, Cream and Creem ... so it can easily be seen that it was in reality the Germans who were responsible for Blonde on Blonde and On the Road; the Reich never died, it just reincarnated in American archetypes ground out by holloweyed jerkyfin- gered mannikins locked into their typewriters and guitars like rhinoceroses copulating. Of course, just as very few speedfreaks will cop to their vice, so it took a while before due credit was rendered to the factor of machinehood as a source of our finest cultural artifacts.” [3]

William F. Buckley, Jr. (1925-2008)[​IMG]- American conservative Journalist and intellectual

"The amount of money and of legal energy being given to prosecute hundreds of thousands of Americans who are caught with a few ounces of marijuana in their jeans simply makes no sense - the kindest way to put it. A sterner way to put it is that it is an outrage, an imposition on basic civil liberties and on the reasonable expenditure of social energy"

"If I were the drug czar, I would say, 'Okay, here are the five or six popular, illegal drugs. You can get them at the federal drug store for just more than the pharmaceutical cost of producing them. Enough to sustain the overhead, but enough also to discourage a black market in them. But before you go in there you’re going to have to read a description of what this drug does to you.'"

Pictured: William Buckley, Jr

Glenn Greenwald (b 1967) -[​IMG] American Investigative Journalist, Author and lawyer.

Yes, I've smoked marijuana - mostly in college, where my usage rate was probably pretty typical for college students, and then also periodically throughout adulthood, though with very decreasing frequency as I get older"

"I view the entire Drug War as one of America's worst sins, if not its singularly worst evils, and particularly find the idea of putting people into cages to punish them for the substances they ingested to be unspeakably cruel, wasteful and irrational"

"I'm convinced that drug prohibition, and especially the 'War on Drugs' which enables it, is going to be one of those policies which, decades from now, future generations will be completely unable to understand how we could have tolerated. So irrational and empirically false are the justifications for drug prohibition, and so costly is the War waged in its name, that it is difficult to imagine a more counter-productive policy than this"

Pictured: Glenn Greenwald

Musicians

Bob Marley (1945-1981)[​IMG]- Jamaican Reggae singer & rastafarian.

"Alcohol make you drunk, man. It don't make you meditate, it just make you drunk. Herb is more a consciousness"

"Herb is the healing of a nation, alcohol is the destruction"

"When you smoke the herb it reveals you to yourself"

Pictured: Bob Marley smoking cannabis

Louis Armstrong (1901-1971)[​IMG] - American Jazz trumpeter and singer. Armstrong used cannabis from the 1920's for the rest of his life, even before his musical performances and recordings.

"The first time that I smoked Marijuana ... I had myself a Ball... That's why it really puzzles me to see Marijuana connected with Narcotics--Dope and all of that crap ... It is actually a shame"

"Telling kids that gage [Cannabis] is the same as heroin and morphine is wrong"

"I don't intend to ever stop smoking it, not as long as it grows. And there is no one on this earth that can ever stop it from growing. No one but Jesus-and he wouldn't dare. Because he feels the same way that I do about it"

Cannabis is "A thousand times better than whisky"


Pictured: Louis Armstrong with US President Richard Nixon


John Lennon (1940-1980) - English musician & Beatle [​IMG]

"I've had cocaine, but I don't like it. The beatles had lots of it in their day, but it's a dumb drug, because you have to have another one 20 minutes later. Your whole concentration goes on getting the next fix. Really, I find caffeine is easier to deal with. ... A little mushroom or peyote is not beyond my scope, you know, maybe twice a year or something. You don't hear about it anymore, but people are still visiting the cosmos. We must always remember to thank the CIA and the Army for LSD. That's what people forget. ... They invented LSD to control people and what they did was give us freedom. Sometimes it works in mysterious ways its wonders to perform."

"The basic thing nobody asks is why do people take drugs of any sort? Why do we have these accessories to normal living to live? I mean, is there something wrong with society that's making us so pressurized, that we cannot live without guarding ourselves against it?"

"Speaking as somebody who's been in the drug scene, it's not something you can go on and on doing, you know. It's like drink, or anything. You've got to come to terms with it."

"I've always needed a drink to survive. The others, too, but I always had more, more pills, more of everything, because I'm more crazy probably."

Pictured: Lucy in The Sky with Diamonds poster


Jerry Garcia (1945-1995) - American musician, Grateful Dead guitarist, died in rehab of natural causes in 1995 at 53 after several decades of on and off heroin addiction.

"Psychedelics were probably the single most significant experience in my life. Otherwise I think I would be going along believing that this visible reality here is all that there is. Psychedelics didn't give me any answers. What I have are a lot of questions. One thing I'm certain of; the mind is an incredible thing and there are levels of organizations of consciousness that are way beyond what people are fooling with in day to day reality."

"I would love it if somebody would put the energy into studying the mind and psychedelics to the extent where we could start to talk about these things and somebody could even throw forth a few suggestions as to what might be happening. There's no body of information - we need more research. These are questions that we should be asking, this is the important stuff."

"the first thing to do is to take the criminality out of [drugs]. Take the profit out of it and the whole criminal structure will collapse. The next part is the health aspect, making drugs that are clean and in knowable, understandable doses. Why not spend research money on making drugs that are good for you, that are healthy? Is the problem that we don't like people changing their consciousness? I don't think that's a good enough reason not to have drugs.

The point is, humans love to change their consciousness and so there will always be drugs. You can either deal with this situation by acknowledging it, or you can pretend it's not real and outlaw it."

Pictured: Jerry Garcia

Snoop Dog (b 1971) - American musician
"So what if I'm smokin' weed onstage and doing what I gotta do? It's not me shooting nobody, stabbing nobody, killing nobody. It's a peaceful gesture and they have to respect that and appreciate that."

"If the government legalised weed, crime rate would go down. People would just wanna chill."

Pictured: Snoop Dog with some weed

Elvis Presley(1935-1977)[/float_right][/float_right][/float_right][/float_right]
Medications: 14 different medications, including codeine (opioid painkiller) and methaqualone (Quaaludes). August 16th, 1977. The official cause of death of the King of Rock 'n Roll, at 42, was cardiac arrhythmia, but it is generally believed that prescription drugs contributed to the state of his heart. Presley had been prescribed 5,000 to 10,000 pills within eight months before his death including amphetamines, barbiturates and painkillers. Presley's doctor, George Nichopoulos explained: "He believed that by taking pills from a doctor, it was the everyday junkie to get something out of the way."
While drug addicted Presley "took part in the American Holy War against Drugs, was a fanatical supporter of the ban and believed that drugs were a communist plot against the US". Originally a common informant, then an agent of the Federal Narcotics Bureau. By decision of the R.Nixon, Presley was used as a key driver of the propaganda of the President, who in 1971 organized "a crusade against drugs" in order to facilitate his plans to create an anti-drug support-service, named "Drug Enforcement Agency" (DEA), which was organized along the lines of FBI and CIA, and eluded any institutional control.


Jimi Hendrix (1942-1970)
Drugs: secobarbital (Seconal, a hypnotic barbiturate). Guitarist, 27, was found dead in his London hotel room of his girlfriend, September 18, 1970. Though some argue that he died in the ambulance on the way to hospital. The cause of death noted on the coroner's report was "inhalation of vomit" after "barbiturate intoxication (quinalbarbitone)". Quinalbarbitone is the British term for secobarbital. The pills belonged to his girlfriend Hendrix. His death was believed to be random, though some have suggested suicide.

Keith Moon (1946-1978)
Drugs: Clomethiazole (Heminevrin, a sedative). The Who drummer died in London at the age of 32 of an accidental overdose of clomethiazole, a drug used to treat withdrawal symptoms when he tried to break his addiction to alcohol. However, the sedative was found 10 times the recommended daily dose by medical examiners. September 7, 1978.

Steve Clark (1960-1991)
Drugs: Unspecified antidepressant and analgesic. At age 31, the guitarist of Def Leppard Clark was found dead by his girlfriend in London his home. The cause of death was respiratory failure due to excessive intake of antidepressants, painkillers (for a cracked rib) and alcohol. It was also found in the blood of the sedative diazepam (Valium), but not harmful level. Accidental overdose.

Rob Pilatus (1966-1998)
Medications: Unspecified, rumored to be methadone (opiate painkiller).
The Milli Vanilli singer, who was disgraced when it was revealed that he and his partner did not actually sing the vocals for their Grammy Award winning debut album, died in Frankfurt Germany in a hotel room at the age of 32. Despite past suicide attempts, his death was ruled an accidental overdose of medication (rumored to be methadone) and alcohol.

Gerald Levert (1966-2006)
Drugs: Vicodin, Percocet and Darvocet (strong opioid painkillers), the tranquilizer alprazolam (Xanax) and two non-prescription antihistamines. On November 10, 2006 the popular R & B singer died at the age of 40 years in Ohio home. Characterized as accidental, his death was an acute poisoning due to a combination of over-the-counter antihistamines, prescribed painkillers and Xanax for anxiety attacks.

Pimp C (1973-2007)
Medications: promethazine (an antihistamine) and codeine (opioid painkiller). December 4, 2007. The Underground Kingz rapper died in a Los Angeles hotel accidental overdose of "syrup" a mixure of promethazine and codeine cough syrup with soda or candy which is very popular in Southern culture of hip-hop. In the case of Pimp C, death resulted from the overdose in combination with the sleep apnea from which he suffered - a condition that causes brief interruptions of breathing during sleep. References to syrup Pimp C there in 2000 in the song of Three 6 Mafia, "Sippin 'on Some Syrup", which tried to introduce his audience to practice the syrup as an alternative to alcohol.

Other

Annie Sprinkle (b 1954) - American artist, author, sexologist, former prostitute and porn star, and sexual educator.

“The first time I did "E" alone, I fell deeply in love with myself for the first time, which was very good for me as I had a relatively low self-image. This helped me transition out of working in prostitution and appearing in mainstream porn films, and into doing more of the kind of work I wanted to do at that point I also found myself desiring to connect with women, both sexually and in my work. I started making "feminist porn." The second time I did Ecstasy, I heard a voice tell me to quit smoking tobacco, which I then did permanently, after 25 years of a heavy smoking habit. Another time, I sat naked in front of my mirror and looked at my repressed anger, and let it surface. I hissed like a snake for several hours, and witnessed my inner Medusa in a remarkably non-judgmental and fearless way. I realized how sexual energy and anger are connected, I realized that in order to go to the next level of my sexuality I needed to learn to better express my anger.”

Psychoactive substances have been used in most cultures because they can be keys to unlock the mysteries of life. Of course as each mystery is unraveled, a bunch of new ones appear. Both sex and psychedelics are ultimately about consciousness, about self discovery, and going beyond everyday reality to that magical place- somewhere over the rainbow, where we feel Divine and we experience some truth.”

Bill Wilson (Bill W.) (1895-1971)- Co-Founder of Alcoholics Anonymous (AA).

Experimented with LSD as a possible treatment for alcoholism. He tried to have this integrated into the AA (Alcoholics Anonymous) program, potentially to assist those with difficulty recognizing their spiritual nature allowing them to find their "higher power".

"I am certain that the LSD experience has helped me very much. I find myself with a heightened color perception and an appreciation of beauty almost destroyed by my years of depression…The sensation that the partition between "here" and "there" has become very thin is constantly with me."[4]

Margaux Louise Hemingway (1954-1996)
Medications: Phenobarbital (anticonvulsant barbiturate). The 42 year old model and actress was found in her Santa Monica, California apartment, having stated that she would commit suicide, one day before the 35th anniversary of her grandfather Ernest Hemingway's suicide on July 1, 1996.

Anna Nicole Smith (1967-2007)
Drugs: Eleven medication, including: chloral hydrate (hypnotic) and many tranquilizers including clonazepam (Klonopin), lorazepam (Ativan), oxazepam (Serax), and diazepam (Valium). February 8, 2007. The controversial model was found dead at 39 in a Florida hotel. An autopsy determined the cause of death to be accidental: "acute combined drug intoxication." The chloral hydrate was characterized by the coroner as "deadly medicine." Five months before her death Smith's 20 year old son Daniel died from the combination of the antidepressant sertraline (Zoloft), escitalopram (Lexapro) and methadone.
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Fulla Nayak (1881-2006) - One of the oldest women in India when she died at age 125 in 2006. She claimed her daily use of Cannabis was responsible for her long life.

Pictured: Fulla Nayak smoking cannabis

Philosophers

William James (1842-1910)- American Philosopher.
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Here is James describing the Nitrous Oxide experience:

"With me ... the keynote of the experience is the tremendously exciting sense of an intense metaphysical illumination. Truth lies open to the view in depth beneath depth of almost blinding evidence. The mind sees all logical relations of being with an apparant subtlety and instantaniety to which its normal consciousness offers no parallel; only as sobriety returns, the feeling of insight fades, and one is left staring vacantly at a few disjointed words and phrases, as one stares at a cadaverous-looking snowpeak from which sunset glow has just fled."[5]

Pictured: an old Nitrous Oxide canister and ingestion device

Michel Foucault (1926-1984) - Philosopher, Historian & Literary Critic
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In a review of two books by Deleuze in 1970:

"Drugs-if we can speak of them generally-have nothing at all to do with truth and falsity; only to fortune-tellers do they reveal a world "more truthful than the real." In fact, they displace the relative positions of stupidity and thought by eliminating the old necessity of a theater of immobility. But perhaps, if it is given to thought to confront stupidity, drugs, which mobilize it, which color, agitate, furrow, and dissipate it, which populate it with differences and substitute for the rare flash a continuous phosphorescence, are the source of a partial thought-perhaps."

"We can easily see how LSD inverts the relationships of ill humor, stupidity, and thought: it no sooner eliminates the supremacy of categories than it tears away the ground of its indifference and disintegrates the gloomy dumbshow of stupidity; and it presents this univocal and acategorical mass not only as variegated, mobile, asymmetrical, decentered, spiraloid, and reverberating but causes it to rise, at each instant, as a swarming of phantasm-events. As it slides on this surface at once regular and intensely vibratory, as it is freed from its catatonic chrysalis, thought invariably contemplates this indefinite equivalence transformed into an acute event and a sumptuous, appareled repetition."

"Opium produces other effects: thought gathers unique differences into a point, eliminates the background and deprives immobility of its task of contemplating and soliciting stupidity through its mime. Opium ensures a weightless immobility, the stupor of a butterfly that differs from catatonic rigidity; and, far beneath, it establishes a ground that no longer stupidly absorbs all differences but allows them to arise and sparkle as so many minute, distanced, smiling, and eternal events."[6]

Pictured: Michel Foucault

Ayn Rand (1905-1982) [​IMG]- Russian born American Philosopher, Novelist & Playwright. Her Philosophy called Objectivism argued that the only purpose we can have is to follow our rational self-interest, which was influential in American Libertarianism and Conservatism. Her views on drug use follow straightforwardly from this. Rand was prescribed Amphetamines for weight loss but found they provided her with the kind of energy she wanted to write with. The extent of her use/addiction is debated.

"I do not approve of any government controls over consumption, so all restrictions on drugs should be removed (except, of course, on the sale to minors). The government has no right to tell an adult what to do with his own health and life. That places a much greater moral responsibility on the individual; but adults should be free to kill themselves in any way they want."

"I think drugs should be sold openly because it is an individual's right to commit suicide if he wants to ... If drugs were sold legally, that would put that whole underworld and all the drug addicts as pushers out of business.""

Jean-Paul Sartre (1905-1980) - Existentialist Philosopher

In 1972 Sartre on hash, "it's very nice, isn't it? Arlette and I or Wanda and I really go off on it, especially if we're making love."

About no longer using amphetamine, “The doctors said it's dangerous now. Too bad, because I loved it. It doesn't create a high. It just speeds things up. Do you know that I wrote the whole of the Critique on corydrane? It made my hand move so fast, I couldn't write any faster."

And on other drugs, "Never tried coco, opium, or heroin. Or LSD for that matter, although though I gather that it has some of the same effects as peyote, you know, mescaline, which I used to take. I think that's how I first started hallucinating my crabs and lobsters. But it wasn't nasty. They would walk along with me, on my side, but not crowding me, very politely, I mean, not threatening. Until one day I got fed up. I just said, OK beat it, and they did. I liked mescaline a lot. As you know I am not a nature lover. I much prefer to sit four hours in a cafe than wander the Pyrenees, like your father… Still, with mescaline, those Pyrenees hills take on so many different colors, it's really art."[7]

Henry David Thoreau - American Poet, Philosopher, Transcendentalist, abolitionist and advocate of civil disobedience, best known for his book Walden, or Life in the Woods

About ether administered to him for a full extraction of his teeth in 1851:

"By taking the ether the other day I was convinced how far asunder a man could be separated from his senses... You are told that it will make you unconscious — but no one can imagine what it is to be unconscious-how far removed from the state of consciousness & all that we call "this world" until he has experienced it. The value of the experiment is that it does give you experience of an interval as between one life and another-A greater space than you ever travelled. [Y]ou are a sane mind with out organs-groping for organs-which if it did not soon recover its old sense would get new ones-You expand like a seed in the ground. You exist in your roots-like a tree in the winter. If you have an inclination to travel take the ether-you go beyond the furthest star." [8]

"When I took the ether my consciousness amounted to this: I put my finger on myself in order to keep the place, otherwise I should never have returned to this world." [9]

Politicians

Arnold Schwarzenegger (b 1947) - Govenor of California, Actor, Businessman, Professional Bodybuilder

"I think it's time for a debate. I think all of those ideas of creating extra revenues [are worth considering] ... I think we ought to study very carefully what other countries are doing that have legalised marijuana and other drugs. What effect did it have on those countries?"

"No one cares if you smoke a joint or not"

Talking about steriods: "I took them, yeah"


Pictured: Arnold Schwarzenegger smoking cannabis after winning the Mr Olympia bodybuilding competition as featured in the documentary 'Pumping Iron'.

Michael Bloomberg (b 1942) - American Politician, Mayor of New York City & Business Magnate

When asked if he ever smoked cannabis:

"You bet I did, and I enjoyed it!"


Pictured: Michael Bloomberg


Barack Obama (b 1961) - 44th President of USA

Obama has used cannabis and cocaine.

"When I was a kid, I inhaled ... That was the point."[/float_right][/float_right][/float_right][/float_right][/float_right][/float_right][/float_right][/float_right][/float_right][/float_right][/float_right][/float_right][/float_right][/float_right][/float_right][/float_right][/float_right][/float_right][/float_right][/float_right][/float_right][/float_right][/float_right][/float_right][/float_right][/float_right]

Lord Christopher Mayhew (1915-1997) - British Politician

On taking Mescaline on television under the supervision of psychiatrist Humphrey Osmond:

"I think it's the most interesting thing I've ever done. And I say that after 30 years in which the whole ghastly business has been depreciated, when drugs have been abused, when this is a major social problem. I do know all that, and I do hope and pray that it never helped anyone to experiment with drugs. Nevertheless the actual experience seems to me to have been profoundly interesting and thought provoking."

Pictured: Lord Mayhew under the influence of Mescaline on a TV program.

Joseph McCarthy (1908-1957) - US Senator, powerful leader of "HUAC" (House Un-American Activities Committee) and leader of the "hunter red witch" in the administration, the media and the world of the spectacle, which swept the US from 1947 until 1960, he was addicted user of morphine throughout his life and was "supplier" of the director of the "Federal Office for Drugs", Harry Anslinger. Anslinger, referring to McCarthy, writes that it was a "junkie senator who had the greatest influence in the US Congress, he directed one of the strongest committees and decisions and statements, played an important role in determining the US squadron and the free world."

John F. Kennedy (1917-1963) - US president, made regular use of injectable amphetamines, which granted him his personal doctor, Max Jacobson. Among the family members of Kennedy who were clients of Jacobson, were Jack Kennedy and Jackie Kennedy. As revealed by the N.Y. Times in 1972 .: "The GP Max Jacobson, 72 years old, for many years threw amphetamines in the veins of dozens of famous artists, writers, politicians and members of the jet-set. The most famous guests was the President and Mrs Kennedy. In 1961, Jacobson, accompanied the President in Vienna where he was to meet with Nikita Khrushchev, and, as he said himself in a conversation, did the President amphetamine injections. In a conversation with Burton Lane, wife of the famous musical composer, Jacobson showed the clips of his tie, an emblem PT-109, and said: "You know that I gained; I worked with Kennedy. I traveled with them. Jack and Jacqueline Kennedy. He would do anything without me. If I to serve the President of the country where I live, I do not deserve anything '". After the publication, Jacqueline Kennedy, a statement of the person responsible for her public relations, confirmed that he had made in therapy with Jacobson, but refused to become clearer. Many years later, confiding in Jacobson confirmed by the music Eddie Fischer in his autobiography.

Psychologists & Psychiatrists

Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) [​IMG] - Psychologist.

"The psychic effect of cocainum muriaticum ... consists of exhilaration and lasting euphoria"

Pictured: Freud's 'The Cocaine Papers'


R. D. Laing (1927-1989) - Psychiatrist

[​IMG]"what many people may be doing with LSD or with hashish - is ... forgetting for a while, not suffering, not experiencing within its own terms, the constrictions and impotence which is imposed on us by the system that we are a part of; and in so far as we remain part of it we perpetuate it. On the other hand, LSD and other things like that, needn't be used in that way. They can be used to see through and into the thing further. It doesn't necessarily lead to a cessation of action; it tends to lead to a cessation of action from the ego, and leads to action coming from the self; and that by no means implies that you aren't going to be doing anything."[10]

"LDS 25 was originally regarded as a psychotico-mimetic substance. I propose that this biochemically induced six-to-twelve-hour trip has its natural analogue in what I suggest be called a metanoiac Voyage. The nature of the metanoiac voyage may be 'good' or 'bad', largely depending on the set and setting"[11]


Pictured: R. D. Laing
[​IMG] Stanislav Grof (b 1931) - Transpersonal Psychologist

"LSD was not a pharmacological agent generating exotic experiences by its interaction with the neurophysiological processes in the brain. This remarkable substance was clearly an unspecific catalyst of the deep dynamics of the human psyche. The experiences induced by it were not neurochemical artifacts, symptoms of a toxic psychosis as mainstream psychiatrists called it, but genuine manifestations of the human psyche itself."

"LSD is a catalyst and amplifier of mental processs. If properly used it could becom something like the microscope or telescope or psychiatry"

"By banning psychedelic resarch we have not only given up the study of an interesting drug or group of substances, but also abandoned one of the most promising approaches to the understanding of the human mind and consciousness

Pictured: Cover of Grof's book 'Healing our deepest wounds' featuring a psychedelic art inspired portrait of Grof.

Sue Blackmore (b 1951)- Psychologist

In a 2005 piece in the Daily Telegraph, "I take illegal drugs for inspiration":

"Some people may smoke dope just to relax or have fun, but for me the reason goes deeper. In fact, I can honestly say that without cannabis, most of my scientific research would never have been done and most of my books on psychology and evolution would not have been written."
[​IMG]
"So can drugs be creative? I would say so, although the dangers are great - not just the dangers inherent in any drug use, but the danger of coming to rely on them too much and of neglecting the hard work that both art and science demand. There are plenty of good reasons to shun drug-induced creativity. Yet, in my own case, drugs have an interesting role: in trying to understand consciousness, I am taking substances that affect the brain that I'm trying to understand. In other words, they alter the mind that is both the investigator and the investigated."

"LSD, psilocybin, DMT or mescaline...are psychedelics that threaten our ordinary sense of self, and that is where they touch most deeply on my scientific interests. What is a self? How does the brain create this sense of being "me", inside this head, looking out at the world, when I know that behind my eyes there are only millions of brain cells - and nowhere for an inner self to hide? How can those millions of brain cells give rise to free will when they are merely physical and chemical machines? In threatening our sense of self, could it be that these drugs reveal the scary truth that there is no such thing?"

"an acid trip is not an adventure to be undertaken lightly. I've met the horrors with several hallucinogens, including magic mushrooms that I grew myself. I remember once gazing at a cheerfully coloured cushion, only to see each streak of colour turn into a scene of rape, mutilation or torture, the victims writhing and screaming - and when I shut my eyes, it didn't go away. It is easy to understand how such visions can turn into a classic "bad trip" , though that has never happened to me. Instead, the onslaught of images eventually taught me to see and accept the frightening depths of my own mind - to face up to the fact that, under other circumstances, I might be either torturer or tortured. In a curious way, this makes it easier to cope with the guilt, fear or anxiety of ordinary life. Certainly, acceptance is a skill worth having - though I guess there are easier ways of acquiring it." [12]

Pictured: Sue Blackmore

Scientists

Alexander Shulgin [​IMG](1925-2014) - Chemist, synthesizer of hundreds of novel psychoactive compounds. Known for popularizing MDMA, discovering the 2C-x compounds and authoring the books Pihkal and Tihkal which document his experiments with new psychoactive compounds which he synthesized and tested on himself.

Talking about psychedelics: "Use them with care, and use them with respect as to the transformations they can achieve, and you have an extraordinary research tool. Go banging about with a psychedelic drug for a Saturday night turn-on, and you can get into a really bad place, psychologically. Know what you're doing, decide just why you're using it, and you can have a rich experience. They're not addictive, and they're certainly not escapist, either, but they're exceptionally valuable tools for understanding the human mind, and how it works"

"How long will this last, this delicious feeling of being alive, of having penetrated the veil which hides beauty and the wonders of celestial vistas? It doesn't matter, as there can be nothing but gratitude for even a glimpse of what exists for those who can become open to it"

"MDMA, it was beginning to be apparent, could be all things to all people"

"Our entire universe is contained in the mind and the spirit. We may choose not to find access to it, we may even deny its existence, but it is indeed there inside us..."


Pictured: Shulgin in his home laboratory where he synthesized novel psychoactive compounds


Albert Hofmann (1906-2008) [​IMG]- Swiss Chemist, Discoverer of LSD. Hofmann wanted to experiment with taking LSD but not knowing how potent LSD was, he took 250mg of LSD - an absurdly high dose, and rode his bicycle on April 19th 1943, which came to be known as Bicycle Day. He later wrote down a description of his experience:

"...little by little I could begin to enjoy the unprecedented colors and plays of shapes that persisted behind my closed eyes. Kaleidoscopic, fantastic images surged in on me, alternating, variegated, opening and then closing themselves in circles and spirals, exploding in colored fountains, rearranging and hybridizing themselves in constant flux..."

"I see the true importance of LSD in the possibility of providing material aid to meditation aimed at the mystical experience of a deeper, comprehensive reality. Such a use accords entirely with the essence and working character of LSD as a sacred drug"

Pictured: An LSD tab with artwork commemorating Bicycle Day

Amanda Feilding - British Scientist, Artist, Drug Policy Reformer. Founded the Beckley foundation which funds research on drugs with the aim of informing evidence based drug policy.

"Over the years government has tried many variations of the prohibitionist approach, and the outcome has been an increase in supply of very potent cannabis varieties like skunk, rising violence, soaring arrests and the spawning of new synthetic cannabis substitutes created with the intention of bypassing the law. After decades of failure it's time to consider a different approach based on pragmatic common sense and scientific evidence"

"‘In the 1960s the recreational aspect got out of hand. There was a backlash, and the harm was thoroughly exaggerated. It left a long trail of anti-LSD feeling"

"I was introduced to cannabis when I was 16. I realized the similarity to the mystical experiences I'd had—the enhancing of senses, the way it made thought more interesting. In 1965, before it became illegal, I was introduced to LSD. I thought it was extraordinary."

Rick Doblin - psychologist and the president and founder of the Multidisciplinary Association for Psychedelic Studies (MAPS).[/float_right][/float_right][/float_right][/float_right][/float_right][/float_right][/float_right][/float_right][/float_right][/float_right][/float_right][/float_right][/float_right][/float_right][/float_right][/float_right][/float_right][/float_right][/float_right][/float_right][/float_right][/float_right][/float_right][/float_right][/float_right][/float_right][/float_right][/float_right][/float_right][/float_right][/float_right][/float_right][/float_right][/float_right][/float_right][/float_right][/float_right][/float_right][/float_right][/float_right][/float_right][/float_right][/float_right][/float_right][/float_right][/float_right][/float_right][/float_right][/float_right][/float_right][/float_right][/float_right][/float_right][/float_right]

"In 1972, at age 18, I took LSD, which I previously had been led to believe would cause permanent and profound brain damage. Instead, I realized that LSD was an incredibly powerful (and therefore also risky) tool for personal growth, the scientific study of mind, as an adjunct to psychotherapy, for spiritual exploration, etc. I also realized that psychedelics, when used respectfully, could help people to have "mystical" experiences of unity that had positive political implications in terms of a greater sense of connectedness with, appreciation for and tolerance of "the other", minorities, our repressed shadow selves, and the environment."

"Looking around, I saw psychedelics being criminalized and psychedelic research being shut down, replaying Galileo and the Catholic Church. I figured that working toward fundamental social evolution through the renewal of psychedelic research and the creation of legal contexts for their responsible use was my greatest point of social leverage, which required major efforts toward drug policy reform. Since I was also a draft resister expecting to go to jail and never be able to be a licensed professional, the idea of a career as an underground psychedelic therapist/drug policy reformer seemed ideal."

Carl Sagan (1934-1996) - Scientist, Author & Science popularizer

"The illegality of cannabis is outrageous, an impediment to full utilization of a drug which helps produce the serenity and insight, sensitivity and fellowship so desperately needed in this increasingly mad and dangerous world."

Richard Feynman (1919-1988) - Nobel prize winning scientist

Feynman used Cannabis and Ketamine during sensory deprivation experiments in order to study consciousness and altered states.

Kary Mullis (b 1944) - Nobel prize winning scientist for his development of the Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR).

In answer to the question of whether he would have developed the PCR idea without the inspiration of LSD use, he said

"I don't know. I doubt it. I seriously doubt it."[13]

"Back in the 1960s and early '70s I took plenty of LSD. A lot of people were doing that in Berkeley back then. And I found it to be a mind-opening experience. It was certainly much more important than any courses I ever took."[14]


Dr. William Stewart Halstead (1852-1922)
Famous surgeon, known as "the father of American surgery" and spat distinguished family of New York City, initially made use cocaine and then, at age 34, he began to make systematic use of morphine, without this being to prevent the skilful exercise of his profession. Halsted addicted to morphine and taking doses "never managed to decrease below 180 mg per day, an amount which could make comfortable his job and maintain excellent physical condition, without anyone being able to suspect the developed innovative surgical techniques, became the most famous surgeons USA, participated in the group of "four major" who founded John Hopkins Hospital and became a director of surgery an institution that was to become the most famous medical school US. Addicted to morphine for 36 years, married and lived harmoniously with his wife for 32 years and died at age 70 years, maintaining to his death the good state of health, energy and professional and social activity.

Doctor X (1858-1942)
A prominent American doctor - the authorities of the University of Stanford filed his case in the institution's files in a directory called "Case of Dr. X" because they felt they had to protect reputation - made use of morphine and depended on it during his studies at the Medical School of Stanford. According to the recordings that exist in the medical records, published in Stanford Medical Bulletin by the medical professor Dr. Winsdor Cutting, Dr. X took place throughout his life 150 mg morphine per day, graduated with honors from medical school, became a capable and reputable doctor, brought flawless until his 81st year of his life, he married twice, and had three children. He died at age 84 years, completing 62 years of dependence.

Writers

Terrence McKenna (1947-2000) [​IMG]- Writer, Psychonaut

"Psychedelics are illegal not because a loving government is concerned that you may jump out of a third story window. Psychedelics are illegal because they dissolve opinion structures and culturally laid down models of behaviour and information processing. They open you up to the possibility that everything you know is wrong"

"Progress of human civilization in the area of defining human freedom is not made from the top down. No king, no parliament, no government ever extended to the people more rights than the people insisted upon. And I think we've come to a place with this psychedelic issue. And we have the gay community as a model, and all the other communities, the ethnic communities. We simply have to say, Look: LSD has been around for fifty years now, we just celebrated the birthday. It ain't going away. WE are not going away. We are not slack-jawed, dazed, glazed, unemployable psychotic creeps. We are pillars of society. You can't run your computers, your fashion houses, your publishing houses, your damn magazines, you can't do anything in culture without psychedelic people in key positions. And this is the great unspoken truth of American Creativity. So I think it's basically time to just come out of the closet and go, "You know what, I'm stoned, and I'm proud."

Pictured: McKenna and some psychedelic artwork

W. H. Auden - English writer and Pulitzer Prize winning Poet

In an interview with a journalist for a college newspaper The Daily Pennsylvanian in 1967 Auden describes his first trip on LSD four years earlier:

“The doctor gave it (LSD) to me about 7:30 one morning, but nothing happened. At about 10:30 we went out for some ham and eggs, and I finally thought I was having a vision: I imagined my postman was out on the sidewalk making strange signals at me. Later on at my apartment the postman rang at the door and said, ‘Mr. Auden, I just saw you at the restaurant around the corner. I was making signals at you, but you didn’t wave back.’ ”

And his current attitude towards marijuana, mescaline and LSD:

“I don’t have much interest in them any more because I consume so much alcohol... I’ve listened to recordings of people under the influence of LSD and what they say is jibberish. The artist can’t communicate what happens to himself... The worst thing about drugs is that they cannot only open the universe for you but they can also take you into a chamber of horrors. You should always have someone with you when you take them. It’s an entirely personal thing: Your world is completely self-centered, and you care nothing about other people... Marijuana is the kind of thing you want at a party where all the guests are boring. With alcohol you think ten minutes have gone by and it's actually been two hours, but with marijuana its just the opposite. You lose all sense of time. Have you ever tried it?"

Allen Ginsberg[​IMG] (1926-1997) - American Poet, Buddhist, anti-war activist, and activist for freedom of speech and sexual liberation.

From Ginsberg's 1965 The Great Marijuana Hoax:

"Marijuana is a useful catalyst for specific optical and aural aesthetic perceptions. I apprehended the structure of certain pieces of jazz and classical music in a new manner under the influence of marijuana, and these apprehensions have remained valid in years of normal consciousness. I first discovered how to see Klee’s Magic Squares as the painter intended them (as optically 3-dimensional space structures) while high on marijuana. I perceived (“dug”) for the first time Cézanne’s “petit sensation” of space achieved on a 2-dimensional canvas (by means of advancing and receding colors, organization of triangles, cubes, etc. as the painter describes in his letters) while looking at The Bathers high on marijuana. And I saw anew many of nature’s panoramas and landscapes that I’d stared at blindly without even noticing before; thru the use of marijuana, awe and detail were made conscious. These perceptions are permanent — any deep aesthetic experience leaves a trace, and an idea of what to look for that can be checked back later. I developed a taste for Crivelli’s symmetry; and saw Rembrandt’s Polish Rider as a sublime youth on a deathly horse for the first time — saw myself in the rider’s face, one might say — while walking around the Frick Museum high on pot. These are not “hallucinations”; these are deepened perceptions that one might have catalyzed not by pot but by some other natural event (as natural as pot)."

"most of the major (best and most famous too) poets, painters, musicians, cinéasts, sculptors, actors, singers and publishers in America and England have been smoking marijuana for years and years. I have gotten high with the majority of the dozens of contributors to the Don Allen Anthology of New American Poetry 1945-1960 and... not a few of the more academic poets of the rival Hall-Pack-Simpson anthology. No art opening in Paris, London, New York, or Wichita at which one may not sniff the incense-fumes of marijuana issuing from the ladies’ room... in the clacketing vast city rooms of newspapers on both coasts, copyboys and reporters smoke somewhat less marijuana than they take tranquilizers or Benzedrine, but pot begins to rival liquor as a non-medicinal delight in conversation. Already 8 years ago I smoked marijuana with a couple of narcotic department plainclothesmen who were trustworthy enough to invite to a literary reception."

"It is no wonder then that most people who have smoked marijuana in America often experience a state of anxiety, of threat, of paranoia in fact, which may lead to trembling or hysteria, at the microscopic awareness that they are breaking a law, that thousands of investigators all over the country are trained and paid to smoke them out and jail them, that thousands of their community are in jail, that inevitably a few friends are “busted” with all the hypocrisy and expense and anxiety of that trial and perhaps punishment — jail and victimage by the bureaucracy that made, propagandized, administers, and profits from such a monstrous law."[15]


Pictured: Allen Ginsberg

Aldous Huxley (1984-1963)[​IMG] - English Author of 'The Doors of Perception' & 'Brave New World', Political & social commentator, Philosopher, pioneer of intellectual drug use. On his deathbed he passed away, at his request, under the influence of LSD.

"To be shaken out of the ruts of ordinary perception, to be shown for a few timeless hours the outer and the inner world, not as they appear to an animal obsessed with survival or to a human being obsessed with words and notions, but as they are apprehended, directly and unconditionally, by Mind and Large - this is an experience of inestimable value to everyone and especially to the intellectual."

"The man who comes back through the Door in the Wall will never be quite the same as the man who went out. He will be wiser but less sure, happier but less self-satisfied, humbler in acknowledging his ignorance yet better equipped to understand the relationship of words to things, of systematic reasoning to the unfathomable mistery which it tries, forever vainly, to comprehend"

"And suddenly I had an inkling of what it must feel like to be mad"

"I was seeing what Adam had seen on the morning of his creation — the miracle, moment by moment, of naked existence."

Pictured: Front cover of Huxley's book 'The Doors of Perception', in which he describes the mescaline experience.'

Anaïs Nin (1903-1977) - American author of erotica, novels, short stories, essays and journals [/float_right][/float_right][/float_right][/float_right][/float_right][/float_right][/float_right][/float_right][/float_right][/float_right][/float_right][/float_right][/float_right][/float_right][/float_right][/float_right][/float_right][/float_right][/float_right][/float_right][/float_right][/float_right][/float_right][/float_right][/float_right][/float_right][/float_right][/float_right][/float_right][/float_right][/float_right][/float_right][/float_right][/float_right][/float_right][/float_right][/float_right][/float_right][/float_right]

About LSD taken as an experimental subject of Dr. Oscar Janiger:

"what I found after examination of this long dream, which I had and which lasted about eight hours, was that all the imagery that I had under LSD was in my work already. Which proves that if you are working from subconscious images, from dreams, from a complete freedom of access to the unconscious, then you don't need drugs. And of course I had an argument with (Aldous) Huxley because he said: 'You're lucky; you can just walk in and out of your unconscious, but some of us are not so lucky and we need LSD.' But you see, it's interesting as an experiment to find that all the richness of imagery was similar. I could track it down. So my conclusion was that we had closed the door on the artist, at least America certainly did. We had closed the door on a way of perception which the artist could have provided."

"[LSD’s] value is in being a shortcut to the unconscious, so that one enters the realm of intuition unhampered, pure as it is in children, of direct emotional reaction to nature, to other human beings. In a sense it is the return to the spontaneity and freshness of childhood vision which makes every child able to paint or sing."


Hunter S Thompson (1937-2005) - American Author of "Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas," inventor of Gonzo journalism

"I hate to advocate drugs, alcohol, violence, or insanity to anyone, but they've always worked for me."
[​IMG]
"Every now and then when your life gets complicated and the weasels start closing in, the only cure is to load up on heinous chemicals and then drive like a bastard from Hollywood to Las Vegas ... with the music at top volume and at least a pint of ether"

"We are all wired into a survival trip now. No more of the speed that fueled the 60's. That was the fatal flaw in Tim Leary's trip. He crashed around America selling "consciousness expansion" without ever giving a thought to the grim meat-hook realities that were lying in wait for all those who took him seriously... All those pathetically eager acid freaks who thought they could buy peace and understanding for three bucks a hit. But their loss and failure is ours too. What Leary took down with him was the central illusion of a whole life-style that he helped create... a generation of permanent cripples, failed seekers, who never understood the essential old-mystic fallacy of the Acid Culture; the desperate assumption that somebody - or at least some force - is tending the light at the end of the tunnel"

Pictured: Cover illustration of 'Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas'

Sam Harris (b 1967) - Author, Neuroscientist, Philosopher

"The 'war on drugs' has been lost and should never have been waged. I can think of no right more fundamental than the right to peacefully steward the contents of one's own consciousness. The fact that we pointlessly ruin the lives of nonviolent drug users by incarcerating them, at enormous expense, constitutes one of the great moral failures of our time."

"Some drugs of extraordinary power and utility, such as psilocybin ... and [LSD], post no apparent risk of addiction and are physically well-tolerated, and yet one can be sent to prison for their use [​IMG]- whereas drugs such as tobacco and alcohol, which have ruined countless lives, are enjoyed ad libitum in almost every society on earth"

"A few years after my first painful encounter with solitude, in the winter of 1987, I took the drug 3,4-methylenedioxy-N-methylamphetamine (MDMA), commonly known as Ecstasy, and my sense of the human mind’s potential shifted profoundly. Although MDMA would become ubiquitous at dance clubs and “raves” in the 1990s, at that time I didn’t know anyone of my generation who had tried it. One evening, a few months before my twentieth birthday, a close friend and I decided to take the drug.

The setting of our experiment bore little resemblance to the conditions of Dionysian abandon under which MDMA is now often consumed. We were alone in a house, seated across from each other on opposite ends of a couch, and engaged in quiet conversation as the chemical worked its way into our heads. Unlike other drugs with which we were by then familiar (marijuana and alcohol), MDMA produced no feeling of distortion in our senses. Our minds seemed completely clear.

In the midst of this ordinariness, however, I was suddenly struck by the knowledge that I loved my friend. This shouldn’t have surprised me—he was, after all, one of my best friends. However, at that age I was not in the habit of dwelling on how much I loved the men in my life. Now I could feel that I loved him, and this feeling had ethical implications that suddenly seemed as profound as they now sound pedestrian on the page: I wanted him to be happy.”[16]

Pictured: Sam Harris

Samuel Taylor Coleridge (1772-1834) - English Poet and Philosopher

In the preface to his poem Kubla Khan he writes about it being inspired by an opium induced dream:
"The author continued for about 3 hours in a profound sleep, at least of the external senses, during which time he has the most vivid confidence, that he could not have composed less than from two or three hundred lines … On waking he appeared to himself to have a distinct recollection of the whole and taking up his pen, ink, and paper, instantly and eagerly wrote the lines that are here preserved. At this moment he was unfortunately called out by a person on business from Porlock, and detained by him above an hour, and on his return to his room found, to his no small surprise and mortification, that though he still retained some vague and dim recollection of the general purport of the vision, yet, with the exception of some eight or ten scattered lines and images, all the rest had passed away like the images on the surfaces of a stream into which a stone has been cast, but alas! without the after restoration of the latter"

But he was also very aware of his opiate addiction having negative implications:
"What Crime is there scarcely which has not been included in or followed from the one guilt of taking opium? Not to speak of ingratitude to my maker for the wasted Talents; of ingratitude to so many friends who have loved me I know not why; of barbarous neglect of my family … I have in this one dirty business of Laudanum an hundred times deceived, tricked, nay, actually & consciously L I E D. – And yet all these vices are so opposite to my nature, that but for the free-agency-annihilating Poison, I verily believe that I should have suffered myself to be cut in pieces rather than have committed any one of them."[17]

Stephen King (b 1947) - Horror & Fantasy writer

"With cocaine, one snort, and it just owned me body and soul. Something in my system wanted that ... Did it for about eight years ... I didn't really hide my drinking, but I hid my drugs because I knew right away it was a problem."

Thomas De Quincey (1785-1859) - English writer & essayist, most notably for "Confessions of an English Opium Eater"

"Here was the secret of happiness, about which philosophers had disputed for so many ages, at one discovered; happiness might now be bought for a penny, and carried in the waistcoat-pocket; portable ecstasies might be had corked up in a pint-bottle; and peace of mind could be sent down by the mail"

William S. Burroughs (1914-1997) Novelist, social critic, orator, prominent member of the beat generation.

"The hallucinogens produce visionary states, sort of, but morphine and its derivatives decrease awareness of inner processes, thoughts and feelings. They are pain killers; pure and simple. They are absolutely contraindicated for creative work, and I include in the lot alcohol, morphine, barbiturates, tranquilizers — the whole spectrum of sedative drugs."

"Junk [Heroin] is the ideal product...the ultimate merchandise. No sales talk necessary. The client will crawl through a sewer and beg to buy...The junk merchant does not sell his product to the consumer, he sells the consumer to his product. He does not improve and simplify his merchandise. He degrades and simplifies the client."

References

  1. ^From Richard Dorment's review of the first volume of John Richardson's Life of Picasso, Times Literary Supplement, Stpe 13 1991
  2. ^Patti Smith, Just Kids, 2010, Harper Collins.
  3. ^Lester Bangs (1987). Psychotic Reactions and Carburetor Dung: The Work of a Legendary Critic: Rock'N'Roll as Literature and Literature as Rock'N'Roll. Edited by Greil Marcus, Knopf.
  4. ^Letter written by Bill Wilson - Don Lattin (2012) Distilled Spirits. University Of California Press
  5. ^Subjective Effects of Nitrous Oxide." Mind. 1882; Vol 7.
  6. ^ Michel Foucault. (1970). "Philosophicum Theatrum." Critique 282, pp. 885-908.
  7. ^John Gerassi (2009). Talking with Sartre: conversations and debates. Yale University Press.
  8. ^Thoreau, H. D. (1990) The Writings of Henry David Thoreau: Journal, Volume 3, Sattelmeyer, R. Patterson, M. R. & Rossi, W. (Eds.). Princeton: Princeton University Press.
  9. ^Thoreau, H. D. (1906) The Journal of Henry David Thoreau, Vol. 8. Torrey, B. & Francis H. Allen. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Co.
  10. ^Laing speaking at the 1967 Dialectics of Liberation conference in London quoted in Martin Howarth-Williams (2014). R.D. Laing: His Work and Its Relevance for Sociology (RLE Social Theory). London: Routledge, p. 75.
  11. ^Laing, R.D. (1968) 'Metanoia: Some Experiences at Kingsley Hall' Recherches, Paris, December. quoted in Martin Howarth-Williams (2014). R.D. Laing: His Work and Its Relevance for Sociology (RLE Social Theory). London: Routledge, p. 76.
  12. ^Sue Blackmore. "I take illegal drugs for inspiration" Daily Telegraph, Saturday May 21st 2005, pp 17-18
  13. ^- BBC psychedelic science documentary
  14. ^Kary Mullis. Dancing Naked in the Mind Field.
  15. ^Allen Ginsberg. (1965)The Great Marijuana Hoax. San Francisco.
  16. ^Sam Harris, “Waking Up: A Guide to Spirituality Without Religion."
  17. ^Coleridge. Collected Letters. Edited by E. L. Griggs, Clarendon Press. 1956, vol. 3, p. 490.

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