The term narcotic (ναρκωτικός), based on the Greek word ναρκωσις (narcosis) has several meanings.

noun meanings:

  1. A substance which when administered induces drowsiness, sleep, stupefaction or insensibility.
  2. Specifically, an opiate / opioid derivative, synthetic and natural.
  3. In United States legal context, narcotics refers to opium, opium derivitives, and their semi-synthetic substitutes. Cocaine and coca leaves, which are also classified as "narcotics" in the Controlled Substances Act (CSA)
adjective meanings:

  1. Inducing drowsiness sleep, stupefaction or insensibility [can be used of people, places, as well as substances]
  2. opium-like in its effect.

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